Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 27

Reference information

Title Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 27
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Created 2007-01-01
Publisher European Commission, DG-ENV
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Description The Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats - EUR27 is a scientific reference document. It is based on the version for EUR15, which was adopted by the Habitats Committee on 4. October 1999 and consolidated with the new and amended habitat types for the 10 accession countries as adopted by the Habitats Committee on 14 March 2002 with additional changes for the accession of Bulgaria and Romania as adopted by the Habitats Committee on 13 April 2007 and for marine habitats to follow the descriptions given in "Guidelines for the establishment of the Natura 2000 network in the marine environment. Application of the Habitats and Birds Directives" published in May 2007 by the Commission services. A small amendment to Habitat type 91D0 was adopted by the Habitats Committee in its meeting on 14th October 2003.
Is Replaced By Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28
Replaces Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, EUR 25

Habitats related to this reference

1110 Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time
1120 Posidonia beds (Posidonion oceanicae)
1140 Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide
1160 Large shallow inlets and bays
1210 Annual vegetation of drift lines
1230 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Atlantic and Baltic Coasts
1240 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Mediterranean coasts with endemic Limonium spp
1250 Vegetated sea cliffs with endemic flora of the Macaronesian coasts
1330 Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae)
1340 Inland salt meadows
1420 Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic halophilous scrubs (Sarcocornetea fruticosi)
1520 Iberian gypsum vegetation (Gypsophiletalia)
1530 Pannonic salt steppes and salt marshes
2110 Embryonic shifting dunes
2120 Shifting dunes along the shoreline with Ammophila arenaria ('white dunes')
2130 Fixed coastal dunes with herbaceous vegetation ('grey dunes')
2150 Atlantic decalcified fixed dunes (Calluno-Ulicetea)
2160 Dunes with Hippophaë rhamnoides
2170 Dunes with Salix repens ssp argentea (Salicion arenariae)
2180 Wooded dunes of the Atlantic, Continental and Boreal region
2190 Humid dune slacks
21A0 Machairs (* in Ireland)
2210 Crucianellion maritimae fixed beach dunes
2220 Dunes with Euphorbia terracina
2230 Malcolmietalia dune grasslands
2260 Cisto-Lavenduletalia dune sclerophyllous scrubs
2270 Wooded dunes with Pinus pinea and/or Pinus pinaster
2310 Dry sand heaths with Calluna and Genista
2320 Dry sand heaths with Calluna and Empetrum nigrum
2330 Inland dunes with open Corynephorus and Agrostis grasslands
3120 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals generally on sandy soils of the West Mediterranean, with Isoetes spp
3130 Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters with vegetation of the Littorelletea uniflorae and/or of the Isoeto-Nanojuncetea
3140 Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition -type vegetation
3160 Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds
3170 Mediterranean temporary ponds
3180 Turloughs
3220 Alpine rivers and the herbaceous vegetation along their banks
3230 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Myricaria germanica
3250 Constantly flowing Mediterranean rivers with Glaucium flavum
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation
3270 Rivers with muddy banks with Chenopodion rubri pp and Bidention pp vegetation
3280 Constantly flowing Mediterranean rivers with Paspalo-Agrostidion species and hanging curtains of Salix and Populus alba
3290 Intermittently flowing Mediterranean rivers of the Paspalo-Agrostidion
4010 Northern Atlantic wet heaths with Erica tetralix
4020 Temperate Atlantic wet heaths with Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix
4030 European dry heaths
4040 Dry Atlantic coastal heaths with Erica vagans
4050 Endemic macaronesian heaths
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths
4070 Bushes with Pinus mugo and Rhododendron hirsutum (Mugo-Rhododendretum hirsuti)
4080 Sub-Arctic Salix spp scrub
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse
5110 Stable xero-thermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion pp)
5120 Mountain Cytisus purgans formations
5130 Juniperus communis formations on heaths or calcareous grasslands
5140 Cistus palhinhae formations on maritime wet heaths
5210 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp
5220 Arborescent matorral with Zyziphus
5230 Arborescent matorral with Laurus nobilis
5310 Laurus nobilis thickets
5330 Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub
5410 West Mediterranean clifftop phryganas (Astragalo-Plantaginetum subulatae)
5420 Sarcopoterium spinosum phryganas
5430 Endemic phryganas of the Euphorbio-Verbascion
6110 Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi
6120 Xeric sand calcareous grasslands
6130 Calaminarian grasslands of the Violetalia calaminariae
6140 Siliceous Pyrenean Festuca eskia grasslands
6160 Oro-Iberian Festuca indigesta grasslands
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands
6180 Macaronesian mesophile grasslands
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
6220 Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe)
6250 Pannonic loess steppic grasslands
6260 Pannonic sand steppes
6310 Dehesas with evergreen Quercus spp
6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae)
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels
6440 Alluvial meadows of river valleys of the Cnidion dubii
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)
6520 Mountain hay meadows
7110 Active raised bogs
7120 Degraded raised bogs still capable of natural regeneration
7130 Blanket bogs (* if active bog)
7140 Transition mires and quaking bogs
7150 Depressions on peat substrates of the Rhynchosporion
7210 Calcareous fens with Cladium mariscus and species of the Caricion davallianae
7220 Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion)
7230 Alkaline fens
7240 Alpine pioneer formations of the Caricion bicoloris-atrofuscae
7310 Aapa mires
7320 Palsa mires
8110 Siliceous scree of the montane to snow levels (Androsacetalia alpinae and Galeopsietalia ladani)
8120 Calcareous and calcshist screes of the montane to alpine levels (Thlaspietea rotundifolii)
8130 Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree
8140 Eastern Mediterranean screes
8150 Medio-European upland siliceous screes
8160 Medio-European calcareous scree of hill and montane levels
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
8230 Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii
8240 Limestone pavements
8310 Caves not open to the public
8320 Fields of lava and natural excavations
8330 Submerged or partially submerged sea caves
8340 Permanent glaciers
9010 Western Taïga
9110 Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests
9120 Atlantic acidophilous beech forests with Ilex and sometimes also Taxus in the shrublayer (Quercion robori-petraeae or Ilici-Fagenion)
9130 Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests
9150 Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion
9160 Sub-Atlantic and medio-European oak or oak-hornbeam forests of the Carpinion betuli
91A0 Old sessile oak woods with Ilex and Blechnum in the British Isles
91B0 Thermophilous Fraxinus angustifolia woods
91C0 Caledonian forest
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae)
91F0 Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor, Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers (Ulmenion minoris)
91G0 Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus
9250 Quercus trojana woods
9260 Castanea sativa woods
92A0 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries
92C0 Platanus orientalis and Liquidambar orientalis woods (Platanion orientalis)
9310 Aegean Quercus brachyphylla woods
9330 Quercus suber forests
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests
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