Annex I: natural habitat types of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation

Reference information

Title Annex I: natural habitat types of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation
Alternative title EU Habitats Directive Annex I
Source European Council
Editor EC
Journal Title
Book Title
Journal Issue
Created 2007-01-01
Is part of Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007
Web page
Language English
License be
Replaces Annex I: natural habitat types of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation
Replaces Annex I: natural habitat types of community interest whose conservation requires the designation of special areas of conservation
Type DocumentPart
Type Legislation
Subject EU Nature directive

Habitats related to this reference

1110 Sandbanks which are slightly covered by sea water all the time
1120 Posidonia beds (Posidonion oceanicae)
1130 Estuaries
1140 Mudflats and sandflats not covered by seawater at low tide
1150 Coastal lagoons
1160 Large shallow inlets and bays
1170 Reefs
1180 Submarine structures made by leaking gases
1210 Annual vegetation of drift lines
1220 Perennial vegetation of stony banks
1230 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Atlantic and Baltic Coasts
1240 Vegetated sea cliffs of the Mediterranean coasts with endemic Limonium spp
1250 Vegetated sea cliffs with endemic flora of the Macaronesian coasts
1310 Salicornia and other annuals colonizing mud and sand
1320 Spartina swards (Spartinion maritimae)
1330 Atlantic salt meadows (Glauco-Puccinellietalia maritimae)
1340 Inland salt meadows
1410 Mediterranean salt meadows (Juncetalia maritimi)
1420 Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic halophilous scrubs (Sarcocornetea fruticosi)
1430 Halo-nitrophilous scrubs (Pegano-Salsoletea)
1510 Mediterranean salt steppes (Limonietalia)
1520 Iberian gypsum vegetation (Gypsophiletalia)
1530 Pannonic salt steppes and salt marshes
1610 Baltic esker islands with sandy, rocky and shingle beach vegetation and sublittoral vegetation
1620 Boreal Baltic islets and small islands
1630 Boreal Baltic coastal meadows
1640 Boreal Baltic sandy beaches with perennial vegetation
1650 Boreal Baltic narrow inlets
2110 Embryonic shifting dunes
2120 Shifting dunes along the shoreline with Ammophila arenaria ('white dunes')
2130 Fixed coastal dunes with herbaceous vegetation ('grey dunes')
2140 Decalcified fixed dunes with Empetrum nigrum
2150 Atlantic decalcified fixed dunes (Calluno-Ulicetea)
2160 Dunes with Hippophaë rhamnoides
2170 Dunes with Salix repens ssp argentea (Salicion arenariae)
2180 Wooded dunes of the Atlantic, Continental and Boreal region
2190 Humid dune slacks
21A0 Machairs (* in Ireland)
2210 Crucianellion maritimae fixed beach dunes
2220 Dunes with Euphorbia terracina
2230 Malcolmietalia dune grasslands
2240 Brachypodietalia dune grasslands with annuals
2250 Coastal dunes with Juniperus spp
2260 Cisto-Lavenduletalia dune sclerophyllous scrubs
2270 Wooded dunes with Pinus pinea and/or Pinus pinaster
2310 Dry sand heaths with Calluna and Genista
2320 Dry sand heaths with Calluna and Empetrum nigrum
2330 Inland dunes with open Corynephorus and Agrostis grasslands
2340 Pannonic inland dunes
3110 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals of sandy plains (Littorelletalia uniflorae)
3120 Oligotrophic waters containing very few minerals generally on sandy soils of the West Mediterranean, with Isoetes spp
3130 Oligotrophic to mesotrophic standing waters with vegetation of the Littorelletea uniflorae and/or of the Isoeto-Nanojuncetea
3140 Hard oligo-mesotrophic waters with benthic vegetation of Chara spp
3150 Natural eutrophic lakes with Magnopotamion or Hydrocharition -type vegetation
3160 Natural dystrophic lakes and ponds
3170 Mediterranean temporary ponds
3180 Turloughs
3190 Lakes of gypsum karst
31A0 Transylvanian hot-spring lotus beds
3210 Fennoscandian natural rivers
3220 Alpine rivers and the herbaceous vegetation along their banks
3230 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Myricaria germanica
3240 Alpine rivers and their ligneous vegetation with Salix elaeagnos
3250 Constantly flowing Mediterranean rivers with Glaucium flavum
3260 Water courses of plain to montane levels with the Ranunculion fluitantis and Callitricho-Batrachion vegetation
3270 Rivers with muddy banks with Chenopodion rubri pp and Bidention pp vegetation
3280 Constantly flowing Mediterranean rivers with Paspalo-Agrostidion species and hanging curtains of Salix and Populus alba
3290 Intermittently flowing Mediterranean rivers of the Paspalo-Agrostidion
32A0 Tufa cascades of karstic rivers of the Dinaric Alps
4010 Northern Atlantic wet heaths with Erica tetralix
4020 Temperate Atlantic wet heaths with Erica ciliaris and Erica tetralix
4030 European dry heaths
4040 Dry Atlantic coastal heaths with Erica vagans
4050 Endemic macaronesian heaths
4060 Alpine and Boreal heaths
4070 Bushes with Pinus mugo and Rhododendron hirsutum (Mugo-Rhododendretum hirsuti)
4080 Sub-Arctic Salix spp scrub
4090 Endemic oro-Mediterranean heaths with gorse
40A0 Subcontinental peri-Pannonic scrub
40B0 Rhodope Potentilla fruticosa thickets
40C0 Ponto-Sarmatic deciduous thickets
5110 Stable xero-thermophilous formations with Buxus sempervirens on rock slopes (Berberidion pp)
5120 Mountain Cytisus purgans formations
5130 Juniperus communis formations on heaths or calcareous grasslands
5140 Cistus palhinhae formations on maritime wet heaths
5210 Arborescent matorral with Juniperus spp
5220 Arborescent matorral with Zyziphus
5230 Arborescent matorral with Laurus nobilis
5310 Laurus nobilis thickets
5320 Low formations of Euphorbia close to cliffs
5330 Thermo-Mediterranean and pre-desert scrub
5410 West Mediterranean clifftop phryganas (Astragalo-Plantaginetum subulatae)
5420 Sarcopoterium spinosum phryganas
5430 Endemic phryganas of the Euphorbio-Verbascion
6110 Rupicolous calcareous or basophilic grasslands of the Alysso-Sedion albi
6120 Xeric sand calcareous grasslands
6130 Calaminarian grasslands of the Violetalia calaminariae
6140 Siliceous Pyrenean Festuca eskia grasslands
6150 Siliceous alpine and boreal grasslands
6160 Oro-Iberian Festuca indigesta grasslands
6170 Alpine and subalpine calcareous grasslands
6180 Macaronesian mesophile grasslands
6190 Rupicolous pannonic grasslands (Stipo-Festucetalia pallentis)
6210 Semi-natural dry grasslands and scrubland facies on calcareous substrates (Festuco-Brometalia) (* important orchid sites)
6220 Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea
6230 Species-rich Nardus grasslands, on silicious substrates in mountain areas (and submountain areas in Continental Europe)
6240 Sub-Pannonic steppic grasslands
6250 Pannonic loess steppic grasslands
6260 Pannonic sand steppes
6270 Fennoscandian lowland species-rich dry to mesic grasslands
6280 Nordic alvar and precambrian calcareous flatrocks
62A0 Eastern sub-mediteranean dry grasslands (Scorzoneratalia villosae)
62B0 Serpentinophilous grassland of Cyprus
62C0 Ponto-Sarmatic steppes
62D0 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grasslands
6310 Dehesas with evergreen Quercus spp
6410 Molinia meadows on calcareous, peaty or clayey-silt-laden soils (Molinion caeruleae)
6420 Mediterranean tall humid grasslands of the Molinio-Holoschoenion
6430 Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels
6440 Alluvial meadows of river valleys of the Cnidion dubii
6450 Northern boreal alluvial meadows
6460 Peat grasslands of Troodos
6510 Lowland hay meadows (Alopecurus pratensis, Sanguisorba officinalis)
6520 Mountain hay meadows
6530 Fennoscandian wooded meadows
6540 Sub-Mediterranean grasslands of the Molinio-Hordeion secalini
7110 Active raised bogs
7120 Degraded raised bogs still capable of natural regeneration
7130 Blanket bogs (* if active bog)
7140 Transition mires and quaking bogs
7150 Depressions on peat substrates of the Rhynchosporion
7160 Fennoscandian mineral-rich springs and springfens
7210 Calcareous fens with Cladium mariscus and species of the Caricion davallianae
7220 Petrifying springs with tufa formation (Cratoneurion)
7230 Alkaline fens
7240 Alpine pioneer formations of the Caricion bicoloris-atrofuscae
7310 Aapa mires
7320 Palsa mires
8110 Siliceous scree of the montane to snow levels (Androsacetalia alpinae and Galeopsietalia ladani)
8120 Calcareous and calcshist screes of the montane to alpine levels (Thlaspietea rotundifolii)
8130 Western Mediterranean and thermophilous scree
8140 Eastern Mediterranean screes
8150 Medio-European upland siliceous screes
8160 Medio-European calcareous scree of hill and montane levels
8210 Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
8220 Siliceous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation
8230 Siliceous rock with pioneer vegetation of the Sedo-Scleranthion or of the Sedo albi-Veronicion dillenii
8240 Limestone pavements
8310 Caves not open to the public
8320 Fields of lava and natural excavations
8330 Submerged or partially submerged sea caves
8340 Permanent glaciers
9010 Western Taïga
9020 Fennoscandian hemiboreal natural old broad-leaved deciduous forests (Quercus, Tilia, Acer, Fraxinus or Ulmus) rich in epiphytes
9030 Natural forests of primary succession stages of landupheaval coast
9040 Nordic subalpine/subarctic forests with Betula pubescens ssp czerepanovii
9050 Fennoscandian herb-rich forests with Picea abies
9060 Coniferous forests on, or connected to, glaciofluvial eskers
9070 Fennoscandian wooded pastures
9080 Fennoscandian deciduous swamp woods
9110 Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests
9120 Atlantic acidophilous beech forests with Ilex and sometimes also Taxus in the shrublayer (Quercion robori-petraeae or Ilici-Fagenion)
9130 Asperulo-Fagetum beech forests
9140 Medio-European subalpine beech woods with Acer and Rumex arifolius
9150 Medio-European limestone beech forests of the Cephalanthero-Fagion
9160 Sub-Atlantic and medio-European oak or oak-hornbeam forests of the Carpinion betuli
9170 Galio-Carpinetum oak-hornbeam forests
9180 Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines
9190 Old acidophilous oak woods with Quercus robur on sandy plains
91A0 Old sessile oak woods with Ilex and Blechnum in the British Isles
91AA Eastern white oak woods
91B0 Thermophilous Fraxinus angustifolia woods
91BA Moesian silver fir forests
91C0 Caledonian forest
91CA Rhodopide and Balkan Range Scots pine forests
91D0 Bog woodland
91E0 Alluvial forests with Alnus glutinosa and Fraxinus excelsior (Alno-Padion, Alnion incanae, Salicion albae)
91F0 Riparian mixed forests of Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis and Ulmus minor, Fraxinus excelsior or Fraxinus angustifolia, along the great rivers (Ulmenion minoris)
91G0 Pannonic woods with Quercus petraea and Carpinus betulus
91H0 Pannonian woods with Quercus pubescens
91I0 Euro-Siberian steppic woods with Quercus spp
91J0 Taxus baccata woods of the British Isles
91K0 Illyrian Fagus sylvatica forests (Aremonio-Fagion)
91L0 Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests (Erythronio-carpinion)
91M0 Pannonian-Balkanic turkey oak –sessile oak forests
91N0 Pannonic inland sand dune thicket (Junipero-Populetum albae)
91P0 Holy Cross fir forest (Abietetum polonicum)
91Q0 Western Carpathian calcicolous Pinus sylvestris forests
91R0 Dinaric dolomite Scots pine forests (Genisto januensis-Pinetum)
91S0 Western Pontic beech forests
91T0 Central European lichen scots pine forests
91U0 Sarmatic steppe pine forest
91V0 Dacian Beech forests (Symphyto-Fagion)
91W0 Moesian beech forests
91X0 Dobrogean beech forests
91Y0 Dacian oak & hornbeam forests
91Z0 Moesian silver lime woods
9210 Apeninne beech forests with Taxus and Ilex
9220 Apennine beech forests with Abies alba and beech forests with Abies nebrodensis
9230 Galicio-Portuguese oak woods with Quercus robur and Quercus pyrenaica
9240 Quercus faginea and Quercus canariensis Iberian woods
9250 Quercus trojana woods
9260 Castanea sativa woods
9270 Hellenic beech forests with Abies borisii-regis
9280 Quercus frainetto woods
9290 Cupressus forests (Acero-Cupression)
92A0 Salix alba and Populus alba galleries
92B0 Riparian formations on intermittent Mediterranean water courses with Rhododendron ponticum, Salix and others
92C0 Platanus orientalis and Liquidambar orientalis woods (Platanion orientalis)
92D0 Southern riparian galleries and thickets (Nerio-Tamaricetea and Securinegion tinctoriae)
9310 Aegean Quercus brachyphylla woods
9320 Olea and Ceratonia forests
9330 Quercus suber forests
9340 Quercus ilex and Quercus rotundifolia forests
9350 Quercus macrolepis forests
9360 Macaronesian laurel forests (Laurus, Ocotea)
9370 Palm groves of Phoenix
9380 Forests of Ilex aquifolium
9390 Scrub and low forest vegetation with Quercus alnifolia
93A0 Woodlands with Quercus infectoria (Anagyro foetidae-Quercetum infectoriae)
9410 Acidophilous Picea forests of the montane to alpine levels (Vaccinio-Piceetea)
9420 Alpine Larix decidua and/or Pinus cembra forests
9430 Subalpine and montane Pinus uncinata forests (* if on gypsum or limestone)
9510 Southern Apennine Abies alba forests
9520 Abies pinsapo forests
9530 (Sub-) Mediterranean pine forests with endemic black pines
9540 Mediterranean pine forests with endemic Mesogean pines
9550 Canary Island endemic pine forests
9560 Endemic forests with Juniperus spp
9570 Tetraclinis articulata forests
9580 Mediterranean Taxus baccata woods
9590 Cedrus brevifolia forests (Cedrosetum brevifoliae)
95A0 High oro-Mediterranean pine forests
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100