Wollmatingerried - Untersee - Gnadensee

Quick facts

  • European Diploma of Protected Areas (code DE940007)
  • Since 1969
  • Country: Germany
  • Administrative region: Not available
  • Surface area: 8 km2 (767.00 ha)
  • Marine area: Not available

Source and more information: Council of Europe


Description

Site contact authorities

Manager Harald Jacoby / Eberhard Klein NABU-Naturschutzzentrum Wollmatinger Ried Kindlebildstr. 87 D-78479 Reichenau
Information NABU-Naturschutzzentrum Wollmatinger Ried Kindlebildstr. 87 D-78479 Reichenau Tel.: 07531/78870 Fax: 07531/72383
Official contact international  
Official contact national  
Official contact regional  
Official contact local  

Description

General character of the site Second only to the Rhine delta, Wollmatinger Ried is one of the principal wetlands on Lake Constance with numerous endangered plant species; in the autumn and spring it is a very important area for waterfowl. The reserve forms a unit comprising the Ermatinger Becken, the Hegne Bucht, and two small islands. 
Quality Wollmatinger Ried is a unique landscape formed by the original shore of Lake Constance. It offers a large habitat for many endangered species: a wealth of 604 plants you can see in the Wollmatinger Ried. 129 of them are on the list of endangered species. 9 of this have nearly become extinct. Much waterfowl and birds of passage can find a place in the reserve. 20 of this birds are badly endangered. It is also an important home for insects which are endangered. 9 endangered species of butterflies can live in the Wollmatinger Ried. 
Vulnerability Problems are caused by the rising of the town, because of this the reserve is very isolated of the surrounding nature at the Bodanrück. The wet meadows have to be tended. The input of nutrients raising from sewage of the town and from air pollution is a problem for the extensive litter meadows. Disturbance in the protected area by fishing.Watersports in high frequency close to the frontier of the reserve. 
Designation  
Owner Most parts of the reserve are owned by the Reichenau and Konstanz local authorities; others are state-owned, NABU-owned or privately owned. 
Documentation -Council of Europe - European Diploma Series (1969), Wollmatinger Ried (Fed. Rep. Of Germany), Strasbourg-Jacoby, H. & Dienst, M. (1988), "Das Naturschutzgebiet >>Wollmatinger Ried-Untersee-Gnadensee<<", Deutscher Bund für Vogelschutz, Stuttgart 
Habitat types  
Flora  
Fauna  
Potential vegetation  
Geomorphology The subsoil of Wollmatinger Ried is formed by "Beckentone" from the Würm Ice-Age. This layer is nearly 50 m high. A special roll have the "Schnegglisande" of limestone. 
Educational interest There are guided tours and information sheets including a map of the area. In the NABU-Information centre is an exhibition for interested people. Also slids are shown here. 
Cultural heritage In former times all meadows and reedbelts had been mown extensively by farmers. In the early fifties this use came to an end and in the following years it was slightly replaced through cultivation by mowing machines. Today 170 ha litter meadows are mown for cultivation and 18 ha fodder meadows are in extensive use by a farmer. 
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URL official  
URL interesting http://www.bodensee24.com/staedte/konstanz/tou_gast/woll_rie.html 

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100