Ordesa y Monte Perdido

Quick facts

  • European Diploma of Protected Areas (code ES940002)
  • Since 1988
  • Country: Spain
  • Administrative region: Not available
  • Surface area: 156 km2 (15608.00 ha)
  • Marine area: Not available

Source and more information: Council of Europe


Site contact authorities

Information Organismo autonomo "Parques Nacionales" Ministerio de medio ambiente Parque Nacional de Ordesa y Monte Perdido Plaza Cervantes, 5 22071 Huesca-Espagne
Official contact international  
Official contact national  
Official contact regional  
Official contact local  


General character of the site A representative section of the central Spanish Pyrenees (780-3355m) in the province of Huesca, with a mainly calcareous substrate. It is adjacent to the Western Pyrenees National Park in France. The four main sectors are Ordesa, Ańisclo, Escuain and Pineta. 
Vulnerability Pressure of tourism around the park is likely to increase if the proposed transpyrenean road is built. 
Owner Most of the park is owned by the five local authorities on whose territory it is situated. Parts are state-owned or privately owned. 
Documentation Council of Europe - European Diploma Series (1988), Parc national d'Ordesa et du Mont Perdu - Espagne, Strasbourg, 27 p. 
Habitat types  
Potential vegetation  
Geomorphology The National Parc is part of the physiographic unity of Macizo of Monte Perdido, the highest chalk mass of Europe (3355m), which occupies the central part of the interior pyrenian mountains.The tectonic movements of the alpine orogenesis have formed sites for the actually structural conformation of the Macizo, totally composed of powerful sedimentation series of marine origin. These materials with a high flexibility arised, bent and moved in southern direction, which caused a pression of the aloctonic cloak of Gavarnie, composed of cristaline materials from the post-Hercinian.Later, this young relief had being and still is modified by important erosion phenomena: glaciers, karstsand periglaciers. The glacial erosion has formed U-shaped valleys (Ordesa and Pineta) and also other typical forms can be found such as the glacier at the northern flank of the Monte Perdido (46 ha), shoulder straps, morrenic deposits, circus, etc. The karstic erosion has formed impressive "necks" and canyons (Añisclo and Escuain, from section V) and also a complex system of cavities, rivers and subterranean lakes .The alternation of frost and thaw produces active periglacial forms such as polygonic soils (Marboré, Salarons, Milllaris). 
Educational interest -The information centre "El Parador" in the valley of Ordesa presents information on the ecology of the National Park and protected areas in Aragon.-The information centre "El Molino" situated in Tella village provides information about ethnology and anthropology and about the mysteries of the Pyrenees and pyrenean habitation.-Educational interest of the National Park is concentrated on the glacial and periglacial geomorphology, the endemic flora (calcereous rocks), grazing and the landscapes of high cultural value (roman churches, huts, agricultural works on slopes, leading the cattle from and to the mountain grasslands, etc.).-The National Park receives 700.000 visitors each year. 
Cultural heritage The park is uninhabited. It is used for grazing cattle in the summer. The peripheral zone features the Tella dolmens, mediaeval forts, romanesque monuments such as San Juan and San Pablo, some notable examples of popular architecture and the picturesque locality of Ainsa. Festivals and traditions include the Bielsa carnival and the San Urbez pilgrimage. 
Management plan  
URL official http://www.ordesa.com/ 
URL interesting  

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100