Quick facts

  • European Diploma of Protected Areas (code HU940001)
  • Since 1995
  • Country: Hungary
  • Administrative region: Not available
  • Surface area: 5 km2 (512.00 ha)
  • Marine area: Not available

Source and more information: Council of Europe


Site contact authorities

Manager Bükk National Park Directorate
Official contact international  
Official contact national  
Official contact regional  
Official contact local  


General character of the site Ipolytarnóc is above all a paleontological site of major importance, originating in a volcanic eruption which, as in the case of Pompeï, buried under ash what are now petrified trees, animal fossils, other trace fossils, leaf imprints etc. This disaster occured some 19.6 million years ago. Besides this the evolution of the lower Miocene geological stages can be investigated along a study trail, which is a geological key section of international interest. Around the inner core 352 ha serves as a buffer zone. 12 protected plant and 160 protected animal species have been recorded in it. 
Quality Beside of being an international treasure of universal geosciences and national educational ground, it is a green belt, corridor for recent flora and fauna, being situated at the frontier of Slovakia and Hungary. 
Vulnerability The site is effectively protected by law: from the north and east the frontier of state border means physical protection as intensively economical activities are not usual there. Around the site there is small scaled, not threatening agricultural activity. The tourism of the site is well handled so far. 
Owner The recent situation is: 377.9 ha is to be state property till the end of 1997. The remaining part from the 512 ha is planned to be bought, also in this century. So whole the area will belong to the state ownership. 
Documentation Coucil of Europe - On-the-spot appraisal - Klemm, C. (1994), Ipolytarnóc Protected Area (Hungary), Strasbourg, 6 p. 
Habitat types  
Potential vegetation  
Geomorphology Hilly area criss-crossed by ravines with brooks on bottom. Springs are abundant. The main mother rocks are sandy sea sediments of 24-21 my of age and younger terrestrial and volcanosediment strata. The brown forest soil type regolith's top zone is partly eroded with outcrops of fossiiliferous strata in some places. 
Educational interest This area is outstanding in field education of Earth-sciences being a spectacular geological site with highest quality paleontological exhibition. The interpretation technics are varied according to the visitor's interest and educational background. There also are other study trails being developed as biological study paths. In this complexity of nature trails, field educational programmes can be organised. 
Cultural heritage  
Management plan  
URL official http://www.ipolytarnoc.hu/ 
URL interesting http://www.nograd.net/termeszet/ipolytarnoc/ 

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100