Východné Karpaty

Quick facts

  • European Diploma of Protected Areas (code SK940001)
  • Since 1998
  • Country: Slovakia
  • Administrative region: Not available
  • Surface area: 406 km2 (40601.00 ha)
  • Marine area: Not available

Source and more information: Council of Europe


Site contact authorities

Manager Slovak Environmental Agency, Regional Branch Prešov Adminstration of Východné Karpati Protected Landscape Area - Biosphere Reserve Lipová 19 06601 Humenné Slovak Republic Phone/fax: 0042-0933-753632
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Official contact national  
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General character of the site Východné Karpati Protected Landscape Area - Biosphere Reserve is a woody mountain area (mid-highland with the character of lower highland op to a higher mountainous landscape) of the flysch zone of the Carpathians, partly influenced by a traditional economical human activity. Forests consist predominantly of deciduous wood plants of mild belt (prevails the European Beech - Fagus silvatica L.). 
Owner The distribution of ownership categories in the Východné Karpati Protected Landscape Area - Biosphere Reserve as of 1-1-1996 is as follows: - State ownership: 12.473 ha - Private ownership: 160 ha - Copyholded ownership: 3 ha - Church ownership: 3 ha - Ownership of towns and municipalities 3 ha - Unsettled ownership: 27.959 ha The unsettled ownership include the lands, to which no ownership is yet issued, this should, however be settled in the nearest years (till the end of 2000) in the sense of the Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No. 180/95 of the Codes on certain measures in accordance with land ownership settlement. 
Documentation Guziová Z. et Bural M., 1994: Východné Karpaty (East Carpathians Biosphere Reserve). In: Jeník et Price M.F. (eds.): Biosphere reserves in the cross-roads of Central Europe, p. 129-144, Czech National Committee for UNESCO's Man and Biosphere Programme, Empora Publishing House, Prague.Hadac E. et Terray J., 1991: Kvetena Bukovský vrchov (Flora of Bukovské hills), 183 pp., Príroda, BratislavaRohácek J., Starý J., Martinovský J., Vála M., 1995: Diptera of the Bukovské hills, 232 pp., Colibiri, PrešovVološcuk I., 1988: Východné Karpaty, chránená krajinná oblast (East Carpathians, PCA), 333 pp. Príroda, Bratislava 
Habitat types  
Potential vegetation  
Geomorphology The territory of Východné Karpati Protected Landscape Area - Biosphere Reserve, represented by a mid-mountain entity of Bukovské hills, approaches the lowest point in the surroundings of Ubla (260 m) and the highest point 1208 m above sea level on the hill Kremenec. The geological base is formed by sedimentary rocks of Carpathian flysch zone. The north boundary is formed by the main Carpathian ridge, from that go several mountain ridges, mainly in a south direction. The most important flows leading waters away from this territory are Cirocha, Ublianka, Ulicka and Zbojský creek (the Danube basin). 
Educational interest  
Cultural heritage The area is situated in the mixing zone of the ethnics and culture of two world cultures: Roman in the West and Byzantine in the east. Many cultural and historical landmarks are related to various historical periods and various nations of Europe and religions.Human settlement mainly took place in the Walachian colonisation in 14th - 16th century, concentrating on shepherding and growing of agricultural plants. Presently here are 10 villages with total number of 3500 inhabitants. The central community is the village of Ulic with 1100 inhabitants. In the west part of the biosphere reserve in the Cirocha valley is located the water reservoir Starina, built in the 80-ies of this century, which serves as the reservoir of drinking water for a considerable part of Slovakia. Building up the basin required to evacuate 7 municipalities with 5000 inhabitants.The park has a typical architectural heritage, with "cerkvi", remarkable wooden churches, Greek orthodox and catholic: the villages have for the most part conserved their rural character, with their low houses and agricultural outbuildings. This heritage is one of the park's assets and there should be regulations governing development and architecture for all the hamlets within the protected area. 
Justification Východné Karpati Protected Landscape Area - Biosphere Reserve is important from the European point of view:- as a modern instance of vegetation evolution of Middle-European forest from the glacial period to the present time with a high degree of preservation of original ecosystems of early primeval forest in its most valuable parts- by its biogeographical location in the dividing area of East and West Carpathians, which enabled its high species richness, important for monitoring the development of vegetation, fauna and spreading the species in a massive Carpathian range. 
Management plan The planning in Východné Karpati Protected Landscape Area - Biosphere reserve originates from the Action plan for Východné Karpaty Biosphere Reserve, which reflects to the annual plans of territory administration and originates from the following long-term strategic goals according to the following spheres: A. Biodiversity - promote the knowledge on biodiversity of the protected area - provide for the differentiated protection and a biodiversity maintenance - monitoring the changes of the state of biodiversity B. Forestry - preserve the present share of natural forests with an original structure, increase the area of forests with a natural structure. To employ them as the model objects for monitoring the natural processes; - make use of the farming being close to the nature, emphasising the support to the natural restoration and elimination of non-origin species, and reaching a natural spatial structure - reconstruct the forest ecosystems, midified by people. C. Agriculture - optimise the structure of agriculture production in relation to the nature protection and to approaching the differentiated and balanced in space landscape structure, - supporting the organic agriculture and alternative agricultural production, - maintain the landscape structure with a scattered verdure and the entities with a traditional farming of local people, - build up an effective system of management of the waste from agricultural production, linked to the monitoring of quality of environment components. D. Recreation an tourism - differentiate the development of tourism in the area depending on levels of beosphere reserve protection, - support the development to more gentle forms of tourism, - increase the interest of local inhabitants in developing the alternative tourism. At present also the management plan for the National Park Poloniny is being prepared in connection with the proposal for its establishment. Consequently, according to the newly adopted Act on nature and landscape protection also management plan for PLA is under preparation. 
URL official http://www.sopsr.sk/NP/POLONINY.html 
URL interesting http://www.skonline.sk/parky/napavk.html 

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