Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Rodentia > Family: Muridae > Genus: Rattus > Species: Rattus rattus

Black rat - Rattus rattus (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Most preferred habitats
  • cropland
  • rivers and lakes
  • urban
May also occur in
  • wetlands
  • woodland and forest

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Black rat English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Far Iswed Maltese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hausrat Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hausratte German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Házi patkány Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Kodurott Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Krysa obecná Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Miu i zi i kanaleve Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Mustarotta Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Potkan tmavý Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rat noir French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rata negra Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ratazana-preta Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ratto nero Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ship rat English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sort rotte Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Svart råtta Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Svartrotta Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Svartrotte Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Zwarte rat Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Rattus rattus European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100