Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Carnivora > Family: Canidae > Genus: Alopex > Species: Alopex lagopus > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Alopex lagopus lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fauna Europaea (2005)
Alopex lagopus spitsbergenensis (Barrett-Hamilton & Bonhote, 1898) Fauna Europaea (2005)

Arctic fox - Alopex lagopus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Bad
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 29 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • heathland and shrub
May also occur in
  • grassland
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 1911


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
FI1300102 Finland MALLA Map
FI1300118 Finland TARVANTOVAARA Map
FI1300601 Finland PULJUN ERÄMAA Map
FI1302001 Finland Kevo Map
FI1302003 Finland Paistunturin erämaa Map
SE0720084 Sweden Vålådalen Map
SE0720164 Sweden Skäckerfjällen Map
SE0720171 Sweden Svenskådalen Map
SE0720183 Sweden Frostvikenfjällen Map
SE0720185 Sweden Bjurälven-Korallgrottan Map
SE0720199 Sweden Gråberget-Hotagsfjällen Map
SE0720200 Sweden Henvålen-Aloppan Map
SE0720223 Sweden Hamrafjället Map
SE0810059 Sweden Marsfjället Map
SE0810080 Sweden Vindelfjällen Map
SE0810394 Sweden Vardo-, Laster- och Fjällfjällen Map
SE0810398 Sweden Norra Borgafjäll Map
SE0810439 Sweden Satsfjället Map
SE0820185 Sweden Sarek Map
SE0820201 Sweden Padjelanta Map
SE0820202 Sweden Stora Sjöfallet Map
SE0820216 Sweden Sjaunja Map
SE0820619 Sweden Tavvavuoma Map
SE0820620 Sweden Pältsa Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Arctic fox English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Delphra polare Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Eisfuchs German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Fjällräv Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Fjeldræv Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Fjellrev Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Jäärebane Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Líška polárna Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Liška polární Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Melrakki Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Naali Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Piesiec Polish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Polaarrebane Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Polarfuuss Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Polarna lisica Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Polarna lisica Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Polarræv Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Poolvos Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Raposa-árctica Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Renard polaire French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sarki róka Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Tófa Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Volpe artica Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Volpe bianca Italian EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Volpe polare Italian EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Vulpe-polara Romanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Zorro ártico Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Vulpes arctica Oken, 1816
Vulpes lagopus Trouessart, 1910
Canis lagopus Linnaeus, 1758
Vulpes vupes caerulea Nilsson, 1820
Canis lagopus argenteus Billberg, 1827
Canis lagopus tipicus Barrett-Hamilton & Bonhote, 1898
Alopex lagopus fuliginosus Bechstein, 1799
Alopex fuliginosus Bechstein, 1799
Alopex lagopus spitzbergenensis Barrett-Hamilton & Bonhote, 1898
Canis lagopus spitzbergenensis Barrett-Hamilton & Bonhote, 1898
Alopex lagopus beringensis Merriam, 1902
Vulpes beringensis Merriam, 1902
Alopex beringianus Cherski, 1920
Canis groenlandicus Bechstein, 1799

Other resources

Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (invalid) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Alopex lagopus European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100