Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Reptilia > Order: Squamata > Family: Colubridae > Genus: Coluber > Species: Coluber caspius

European whip snake - Coluber caspius Gmelin, 1789

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 1 other international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code 1278


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Couleuvre de la Caspienne French Gasc J.P. and al.
European whip snake English Gasc J.P. and al.
Kaspische Zornnatter German Gasc J.P. and al.
Pfeilnatter German Gasc J.P. and al.
Whip snake English Gasc J.P. and al.
Synonym Author
Coluber aconistes Pallas, 1814
Coluber jugularis caspius Mertens & Müller, 1928
Coluber thermalis Pallas, 1814
Coluber bicolor Güldenstedt, 1801
Coluber trabalis Pallas, 1814
Zamenis gemonensis Boulenger, 1893
Zamenis gemonensis var. caspius Méhely, 1894
Dolichophis caspius (Gmelin, 1789)

Other resources

Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100