Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Esociformes > Family: Esocidae > Genus: Esox > Species: Esox lucius

Northern pike - Esox lucius Linnaeus, 1758

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Natura 2000 species code 5642

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bec de canard French Fishbase
Brochet French Fishbase
Brochet du nord French Fishbase
Brouché French Fishbase
Brouchet French Fishbase
Brouchetta French Fishbase
Csuka Hungarian Fishbase
Europäischer Hecht German Fishbase
Flußhecht German Fishbase
Gädda Swedish Fishbase
Gedda Icelandic Fishbase
Gedde Danish Fishbase
Gjedde Norwegian Fishbase
Hauki Finnish Fishbase
Hecht French Fishbase
Hecht German Fishbase
Hechten German Fishbase
Heichit German Fishbase
Lancerons French Fishbase
Lius Irish (recte Irish Gaelic) Fishbase
Luccio Italian Fishbase
Lúcio Portuguese Fishbase
Lucio Spanish Fishbase
Marlita Romanian Fishbase
Northern pike English Fishbase
Obyknovennaya schuka Russian Fishbase
Pike English Fishbase
Poignards French Fishbase
Scuka Slovenian Fishbase
Shchuka Russian Fishbase
Shtschuka Russian Fishbase
Shtuka Bulgarian Fishbase
Snoek Dutch Fishbase
Štika obecná Czech Fishbase
Stiuca Romanian Fishbase
Stuka Serbian Fishbase
Szczupak Polish Fishbase
Toúrna Greek Fishbase
Turna baligi Turkish Fishbase
Synonym Author
Esox lucius atrox Anikin 1902
Esox lucius bergi Kaganowsky 1933
Esox reichertii baicalensis Dybowski, 1874
Esox estor Lesueur, 1818
Luccius vorax Rafinesque Schmaltz, 1810
Trematina foveolata Trautschold, 1884
Esox boreus Agassiz, 1850
Esox lucioides Agassiz & Girard, 1850
Esox nobilior Thompson, 1850
Lucius lucius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Esox lucius variegatus Fitzinger, 1832
Esox lucius lucius wiliunensis Kirillov, 1962

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Esox lucius European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100