Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Cypriniformes > Family: Cyprinidae > Genus: Carassius > Species: Carassius carassius

Crucian - Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Natura 2000 species code 5585

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bauernkarpfen German Fishbase
Carache French Fishbase
Caracuda Romanian Fishbase
Caracuda rotunda Romanian Fishbase
Caras Romanian Fishbase
Carasita Romanian Fishbase
Carassin French Fishbase
Carassio Italian Fishbase
Carouche French Fishbase
Carpa a specchi Italian Fishbase
Carpe à la lune French Fishbase
Carpin Spanish Fishbase
Carreau French Fishbase
Crucian English Fishbase
Crucian carp English Fishbase
Cyprin French Fishbase
Garasita Romanian Fishbase
Gardon carpé French Fishbase
Gareisel German Fishbase
Gareisl German Fishbase
Gibèle French Fishbase
Havuz baligi Turkish Fishbase
Karas Polish Fishbase
Karas Serbian Fishbase
Karas obecný Czech Fishbase
Karas pospolity Polish Fishbase
Karas zvychajnyi Ukrainian Fishbase
Karas' obyknovennyi Russian Fishbase
Karasi Albanian Fishbase
Kárász Hungarian Fishbase
Karausche German Fishbase
Karuds Danish Fishbase
Karudse Danish Fishbase
Karuss Norwegian Fishbase
Karusse Danish Fishbase
Kirmizi balik Turkish Fishbase
Koreselj Slovenian Fishbase
Kroeskarper Dutch Fishbase
Kruglyi Russian Fishbase
Meule French Fishbase
Moorkarpfen German Fishbase
Obyknovennyi karas Russian Fishbase
Petaloúda Greek Fishbase
Pimpao Portuguese Fishbase
Pimpão-comum Portuguese Fishbase
Ruda Swedish Fishbase
Ruutana Finnish Fishbase
Schneiderkarpfen German Fishbase
Steenkarper Dutch Fishbase
Søkaruds Danish Fishbase
Søkarusse Danish Fishbase
Yakut crucian carp English Fishbase
Synonym Author
Cyprinus carassius Linnaeus, 1758
Carassius coeruleus Basilewsky, 1855
Carassius discolor Basilewsky, 1855
Carassius humilis Heckel, 1837
Carassius oblongus Heckel & Kner, 1858
Carassius pekinensis Basilewsky, 1855
Carassius vulgaris Nordmann, 1840
Cyprinus gibelioides Cantor, 1842
Cyprinus moles Valenciennes, 1842
Cyprinus chinensis Gronow, 1854
Carassius charax Lesniewski, 1837
Carassius moles Nordmann, 1840
Carassius linnaei Bonaparte, 1845
Carassius oblongos Heckel & Kner, 1858
Cyprinus moles Selys-Longchamps, 1842
Carassius gibelio minutus Kessler, 1856
Carassius vulgaris gibbosus Walecki, 1863
Carassius linnei Malm, 1877
Carassius carassius jacuticus Kirillov, 1956
Carassius gibelio (non Bloch, 1782)
Cyprinus moles Agassiz, 1835
Carassius vulgaris subventrosus Walecki, 1863
Carassius carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758)
Cyprinus gibelio minutus Kessler, 1856
Carassius linnei lacustrus Malm, 1877
Cyprinus charax Lesniewski, 1837
Carassius linnei piscinarum Malm, 1877
Carassius auratus wei Tchang, 1930

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100