Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Cyprinodontiformes > Family: Cyprinodontidae > Genus: Aphanius > Species: Aphanius iberus

Spanish cyprinodont - Aphanius iberus (Valenciennes, 1846)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Endangered (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Mediterranean - Poor
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 4 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 42 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
Natura 2000 species code 1151


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000019 Spain Aiguamolls de l'Alt Empordà Map
ES0000020 Spain Delta de l'Ebre Map
ES0000023 Spain L'Albufera Map
ES0000030 Spain Complejo Endorreico de Puerto Real Map
ES0000048 Spain Punta Entinas-Sabinar Map
ES0000058 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent Map
ES0000060 Spain Prat de Cabanes i Torreblanca Map
ES0000120 Spain Salinas de Santa Pola Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000146 Spain Delta del Llobregat Map
ES0000147 Spain Marjal de Pego-Oliva Map
ES0000148 Spain Marjal dels Moros Map
ES0000175 Spain Salinas y Arenales de San Pedro del Pinatar Map
ES0000195 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES0000260 Spain Mar Menor Map
ES5120016 Spain El Montgrí- Les Medes - El Baix Ter Map
ES6110001 Spain Albufera de Adra Map
ES6120015 Spain Acebuchales de La Campiña Sur de Cádiz Map
ES6200006 Spain Espacios Abiertos e Islas del Mar Menor Map
ES5212007 Spain Salero y Cabecicos de Villena Map
ES5140004 Spain Sèquia Major Map
ES6120023 Spain Corrales de Rota Map
ES6200030 Spain Mar Menor Map
ES6200001 Spain Calblanque, Monte de las Cenizas y Peña del Águila Map
ES5140007 Spain Costes del Tarragonès Map
ES5223007 Spain Marjal d'Almenara Map
ES6110016 Spain Rambla de Arejos Map
ES6130015 Spain Río Guadalquivir -Tramo Medio Map
ES6200028 Spain Río Chícamo Map
ES5110020 Spain Costes del Garraf Map
ES6200005 Spain Humedal del Ajauque y Rambla Salada Map
ES5222002 Spain Marjal de Peníscola Map
ES5140001 Spain Litoral meridional tarragoní Map
ES6110018 Spain Río Adra Map
ES0000450 Spain Marjal i Estanys d'Almenara Map
ES0000470 Spain Marjal dels Moros (ZEPA) Map
ES0000471 Spain l'Albufera (ZEPA) Map
ES0000467 Spain Prat de Cabanes i Torreblanca (ZEPA) Map
ES0000484 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent (ZEPA) Map
ES0000487 Spain Marjal de Pego-Oliva (ZEPA) Map
ES0000486 Spain Salines de Santa Pola (ZEPA) Map
ES0000536 Spain Lagunas de las Moreras Map

Protected sites

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Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Barcelona Convention Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Aphanius d'Espagne French Fishbase
Cyprinodonte d'Espagne French EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Fartet Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Iberische tandkarper Dutch EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Lareza vizake Albanian Fishbase
Spanienkärpfling German EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Spanish cyprinodont English EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Spanish Toothcarp English Fishbase
Spansk tandkarpe Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Synonym Author
Cyprinodon iberus Valenciennes, 1846
Lebias iberus Steindachner, 1865
Lebias ibericus (Steindachner, 1865)
Cyprinodon ibericus Steindachner, 1865
Aphanius iberius (Valenciennes, 1846)

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

2 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2013-09-11 Spain Habitats Directive: Report Art.17 2007-2012 ES_species_reports
2008-07-07 Spain Spain's delivery of 3 July Aphanius iberus
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100