Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae > Genus: Aythya > Species: Aythya marila

Scaup - Aythya marila (Linnaeus, 1761)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 4 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 274 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
  • marine inlets and transitional waters
Natura 2000 species code A062


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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE1326301 Germany NSG Schwansener See Map
DE1533301 Germany Staberhuk Map
DE1931301 Germany Ostseeküste am Brodtener Ufer Map
DE2031401 Germany Traveförde Map
DE2948401 Germany Schorfheide-Chorin Map
DE2951401 Germany Unteres Odertal Map
DE3513401 Germany Alfsee Map
DE3642401 Germany Rietzer See Map
DE4531401 Germany Helmestausee Berga-Kelbra (Anteil Sachsen-Anhalt) Map
DE5511401 Germany Engerser Feld Map
DE5818401 Germany Main bei Mühlheim und NSG 'Rumpenheimer und Bürgeler Kiesgruben' Map
DE5920401 Germany Bong'sche Grube und Mainflinger Mainufer Map
DE6013401 Germany Rheinaue Bingen-Ingelheim Map
DE6416401 Germany Bobenheimer und Roxheimer Altrhein mit Silbersee Map
DE6915402 Germany Wörther Altrhein und Wörther Rheinhafen Map
DE8133401 Germany Starnberger See Map
DE8220401 Germany Untersee des Bodensees Map
DE8220404 Germany Überlinger See des Bodensees Map
DK005X094 Denmark Sejerø Bugt og Nekselø Map
DK008X071 Denmark Sydfynske Øhav Map
DK008Z047 Denmark Lillebælt Map
DK009X064 Denmark Flensborg Fjord og Nybøl Nor Map
DK00DY036 Denmark Horsens Fjord og Endelave Map
DK00EY012 Denmark Løgstør Bredning, Livø, Feggesund og Skarrehage Map
DK00FX002 Denmark Ålborg Bugt, nordlige del Map
DK00FY015 Denmark Randers og Mariager Fjorde og Ålborg Bugt, sydlige del Map
EE0010173 Estonia Lahemaa Map
EE0040001 Estonia Väinamere Map
EE0040201 Estonia Nõva-Osmussaare Map
EE0040346 Estonia Pärnu lahe Map
EE0040434 Estonia Kura kurgu Map
EE0040496 Estonia Vilsandi Map
EE0080172 Estonia Endla Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
FI0100006 Finland Tulliniemen linnustonsuojelualue Map
FI0100062 Finland Vanhankaupunginlahden lintuvesi Map
FI0100074 Finland Porvoonjoen suisto-Stensböle Map
FI0100078 Finland Pernajanlahtien ja Pernajan saariston merensuojelualue Map
FI0200027 Finland Viurilanlahti Map
FI0200029 Finland Suomijärvi Map
FI0200030 Finland Omenajärvi Map
FI0200036 Finland Paimionlahti Map
FI0200041 Finland Kulju Map
FI0200043 Finland Sjölax Map
FI0200044 Finland Lautvesi Map
FI0200058 Finland Kuusistonlahti Map
FI0200072 Finland Uudenkaupungin saaristo Map
FI0200074 Finland Luvian saaristo Map
FI0200075 Finland Gummandooran saaristo Map
FI0200089 Finland Mietoistenlahti Map
FI0200150 Finland Oukkulanlahti Map
FI0200151 Finland Preiviikinlahti (SPA) Map
FI0200152 Finland Seksmiilarin saaristo Map
FI0200161 Finland Pyhäjärvi Map
FI0200164 Finland Saaristomeri Map
FI0303007 Finland Lehijärvi Map
FI0303017 Finland Vanajaveden lintualueet Map
FI0326003 Finland Ahtialanjärvi Map
FI0401002 Finland Haapajärvi-Säärystenjärvi Map
FI0408001 Finland Itäisen Suomenlahden saaristo ja vedet Map
FI0411003 Finland Kaislanen Map
FI0414004 Finland Tuorusjärvi Map
FI0416006 Finland Heinlahti Map
FI0425001 Finland Lupinlahti Map
FI0427004 Finland Salajärvi-Ryönänlahti Map
FI0500006 Finland Juurikkasuo - Vehka- ja Uuhilampi Map
FI0600051 Finland Maaningan lintujärvet Map
FI0600052 Finland Riistaveden lintujärvet Map
FI0600053 Finland Ruokojärvi ja Mula Map
FI0600056 Finland Iisalmen lintuvedet Map
FI0700009 Finland Peijonniemenlahti Map
FI0800054 Finland Petolahdenjokisuisto Map
FI0800130 Finland Merenkurkun saaristo Map
FI0800132 Finland Luodon saaristo Map
FI0800134 Finland Kristiinankaupungin saaristo Map
FI0800135 Finland Närpiön saaristo Map
FI0900075 Finland Suonteen pohjoisosa Map
FI0900077 Finland Onkisalo-Herjaanselkä Map
FI0900078 Finland Edessalo-Haukkasalo Map
FI0900079 Finland Vanhanselkä-Ruppavuori Map
FI1100201 Finland Hailuoto, pohjoisranta Map
FI1100202 Finland Kirkkosalmi Map
FI1100203 Finland Isomatala-Maasyvänlahti Map
FI1100204 Finland Ojakylänlahti ja Kengänkari Map
FI1101642 Finland Torankijärvi Map
FI1102200 Finland Liminganlahti Map
FI1103000 Finland Kempeleenlahden ranta Map
FI1103200 Finland Akionlahti Map
FI1103400 Finland Olkijokisuu-Pattijoen pohjoishaara Map
FI1104201 Finland Parhalahti-Syölätinlahti ja Heinikarinlampi Map
FI1104202 Finland Rajalahti-Perilahti Map
FI1104600 Finland Raahen saaristo Map
FI1105201 Finland Säärenperä ja Karinkannanmatala Map
FI1105202 Finland Siikajoen lintuvedet ja suot Map
FI1300101 Finland Pallas-Ounastunturi Map
FI1300211 Finland Ivalojokisuisto Map
FI1300302 Finland Perämeren saaret Map
FI1300601 Finland PULJUN ERÄMAA Map
FI1300701 Finland Teuravuoma-Kivijärvenvuoma Map
FI1301706 Finland Viiankiaapa Map
FI1302001 Finland Kevo Map
FR2110001 France Lacs de la forêt d'Orient Map
FR2110002 France Lac du Der Map
FR2310044 France Estuaire et marais de la Basse Seine Map
FR2512001 France Littoral augeron Map
FR3110039 France Platier d'Oye Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR4110007 France Lac de Madine et étangs de Pannes Map
FR4112002 France Etangs du Lindre, forêt de Romersberg et zones voisines Map
FR4211810 France Vallée du Rhin de Strasbourg à Marckolsheim Map
FR4211811 France Vallée du Rhin de Lauterbourg à Strasbourg Map
FR4211812 France Vallée du Rhin d'Artzenheim à Village-Neuf Map
FR5210008 France Lac de Grand Lieu Map
FR5210090 France Marais salants de Guérande, traicts du Croisic, dunes de Pen Bron Map
FR5310056 France Baie d'Audierne Map
FR5310074 France Baie de Vilaine Map
FR5410012 France Anse du Fier d'Ars en Ré Map
FR5410028 France Marais de Brouage, Ile d'Oléron Map
FR8310079 France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
IE0000138 Ireland Durnesh Lough SAC Map
IE0000268 Ireland Galway Bay Complex SAC Map
IE0000343 Ireland Castlemaine Harbour SAC Map
IE0000781 Ireland Slaney River Valley SAC Map
IE0002070 Ireland Tralee Bay and Magharees Peninsula, West to Cloghane SAC Map
IE0002165 Ireland Lower River Shannon SAC Map
IE0002287 Ireland Lough Swilly SAC Map
IE0004009 Ireland Lady's Island Lake SPA Map
IE0004029 Ireland Castlemaine Harbour SPA Map
IE0004031 Ireland Inner Galway Bay SPA Map
IE0004052 Ireland Carrowmore Lake SPA Map
IE0004075 Ireland Lough Swilly SPA Map
IE0004076 Ireland Wexford Harbour and Slobs SPA Map
IE0004077 Ireland River Shannon and River Fergus Estuaries SPA Map
IT1110020 Italy Lago di Viverone Map
IT1150004 Italy Canneti di Dormelletto Map
IT1160003 Italy Oasi di Crava Morozzo Map
IT2020005 Italy Lago di Alserio Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT2070020 Italy Torbiere d'Iseo Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
IT3120055 Italy Lago di Toblino Map
IT3210003 Italy Laghetto del Frassino Map
IT3210018 Italy Basso Garda Map
IT3230047 Italy Lago di Santa Croce Map
IT3250041 Italy Valle Vecchia - Zumelle - Valli di Bibione Map
IT3250042 Italy Valli Zignago - Perera - Franchetti - Nova Map
IT3320037 Italy Laguna di Marano e Grado Map
IT3330006 Italy Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia Map
IT4050022 Italy Biotopi e Ripristini ambientali di Medicina e Molinella Map
IT4060001 Italy Valli di Argenta Map
IT4060002 Italy Valli di Comacchio Map
IT4060003 Italy Vene di Bellocchio, Sacca di Bellocchio, Foce del Fiume Reno, Pineta di Bellocchio Map
IT9220144 Italy Lago S. Giuliano e Timmari Map
NL1000015 Netherlands Haringvliet Map
NL4000017 Netherlands Voordelta Map
NL9801001 Netherlands Waddenzee Map
NL9802001 Netherlands Noordzeekustzone Map
NL9803028 Netherlands IJsselmeer Map
NL9803029 Netherlands Markermeer & IJmeer Map
PLB040003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Wisły Map
PLB220004 Poland Ujście Wisły Map
PLB220005 Poland Zatoka Pucka Map
PLB280003 Poland Jezioro Łuknajno Map
PLB280010 Poland Zalew Wiślany Map
PLB320003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Odry Map
PLB320006 Poland Jezioro Świdwie Map
PLB320009 Poland Zalew Szczeciński Map
SE0230126 Sweden Svensksundsviken Map
SE0340017 Sweden Närsholmen Map
SE0410041 Sweden Torhamn-Hästholmen Map
SE0410046 Sweden Bräkne-Hoby skärgård Map
SE0410047 Sweden Björkeskärven Map
SE0410050 Sweden Gräsör m fl öar Map
SE0410051 Sweden Abramsäng Map
SE0520055 Sweden Torsviken Map
SE0710016 Sweden Långharsholmen Map
SE0710152 Sweden Stornäset Map
SE0820042 Sweden Gammelstadsviken Map
SE0820167 Sweden Muddus Map
UK9004411 United Kingdom Firth of Forth Map
UK9005012 United Kingdom Upper Solway Flats and Marshes Map
UK9005103 United Kingdom Ribble and Alt Estuaries Map
UK9006111 United Kingdom Humber Estuary Map
UK9009121 United Kingdom Stour and Orwell Estuaries Map
DE1633491 Germany Ostsee östlich Wagrien Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
IT9110015 Italy Duna e Lago di Lesina - Foce del Fortore Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devinske jazero Map
FR7412002 France Étang des Landes Map
FR4112009 France Forêts et étangs d'Argonne et vallée de l'Ornain Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
DE1123491 Germany Flensburger Förde Map
SKUEV0116 Slovakia Jakubovske rybniky Map
PLH280007 Poland Zalew Wiślany i Mierzeja Wiślana Map
PLH220032 Poland Zatoka Pucka i Półwysep Helski Map
BG0002046 Bulgaria Yatata Map
FR2612008 France Étang de Galetas Map
BG0002114 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Chelopechene Map
FI0100105 Finland Kirkkonummen saaristo (SPA) Map
DE5314450 Germany Hoher Westerwald Map
BG0002041 Bulgaria Kompleks Ropotamo Map
IT9110037 Italy Laghi di Lesina e Varano Map
IT9110005 Italy Zone umide della Capitanata Map
BG0002017 Bulgaria Kompleks Belenski ostrovi Map
FR8212020 France Lac Léman Map
SKUEV0168 Slovakia Horny les Map
IT9110001 Italy Isola e Lago di Varano Map
EE0010129 Estonia Pakri Map
SKUEV0124 Slovakia Bogdalicky vrch Map
DE5914450 Germany Inselrhein Map
DE5417401 Germany Lahnaue zwischen Atzbach und Gießen Map
BG0002024 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Mechka Map
SKUEV0314 Slovakia Morava Map
DE2751421 Germany Randow-Welse-Bruch Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
DE1530491 Germany Östliche Kieler Bucht Map
DE5519401 Germany Wetterau Map
FR5212009 France Marais Breton, baie de Bourgneuf, île de Noirmoutier et forêt de Monts Map
IT3230088 Italy Fiume Piave dai Maserot alle grave di Pederobba Map
DE5316401 Germany Wiesentäler um Hohenahr und die Aartalsperre Map
IT20B0017 Italy Ansa e Valli del Mincio Map
PLH320018 Poland Ujście Odry i Zalew Szczeciński Map
FR3112003 France Marais Audomarois Map
IT9110038 Italy Paludi presso il Golfo di Manfredonia Map
DE4722401 Germany Fuldaaue um Kassel Map
PLH220033 Poland Dolna Wisła Map
DE3542421 Germany Mittlere Havelniederung Map
BG0002095 Bulgaria Gorni Dabnik - Telish Map
IT2010502 Italy Canneti del Lago Maggiore Map
SKUEV0161 Slovakia Suchohradske aluvium Moravy Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
ROSPA0018 Romania Cheile Bicazului - Hășmaș Map
ROSPA0058 Romania Lacul Stânca Costești Map
ROSPA0110 Romania Acumulările Rogojești - Bucecea Map
ROSPA0062 Romania Lacurile de acumulare de pe Argeș Map
ROSPA0063 Romania Lacurile de acumulare Buhuși - Bacău - Berești Map
DE1446401 Germany Binnenbodden von Rügen Map
DE1934401 Germany Wismarbucht und Salzhaff Map
DE6606310 Germany Rastgebiete im mittleren Saartal Map
DE1542401 Germany Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft und nördlicher Strelasund Map
DE2642401 Germany Müritz-Seenland und Neustrelitzer Kleinseenplatte Map
DE2250471 Germany Kleines Haff, Neuwarper See und Riether Werder Map
DE1747402 Germany Greifswalder Bodden und südlicher Strelasund Map
DE5237420 Germany Auma-Aue mit Wolcheteiche und Struthbach-Niederung Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0002043 Bulgaria Emine Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0002077 Bulgaria Bakarlaka Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
BG0002045 Bulgaria Kompleks Kamchia Map
PLH260032 Poland Ostoja Sobkowsko-Korytnicka Map
PLH180020 Poland Dolina Dolnego Sanu Map
PLH040039 Poland Włocławska Dolina Wisły Map
PLH260034 Poland Ostoja Szaniecko-Solecka Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
IE0004145 Ireland Durnesh Lough SPA Map
AT2119000 Austria Gut Walterskirchen Map
AT1301000 Austria Nationalpark Donau-Auen (Wiener Teil) Map
AT3209022 Austria Salzachauen, Salzburg Map
AT1202V00 Austria March-Thaya-Auen Map
AT3402000 Austria Rheindelta Map
ROSPA0123 Romania Lacurile de acumulare de pe Crișul Repede Map
ROSPA0130 Romania Mața - Cârja - Rădeanu Map
ROSPA0125 Romania Lacurile Vaduri și Pângărați Map
IE0004188 Ireland Tralee Bay Complex SPA Map
LV0900200 Latvia Akmensrags Map
NL9802018 Netherlands Haringvliet Map
SE0420360 Sweden Nordvästra Skånes havsområde Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Birds not included in Appendix II)
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Migratory species of Anatidae)
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bergand Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Bergand Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Bergente German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Fuligule milouinan French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Hegyi réce Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lapasotka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Moretta grigia Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
podgorzalka Polish Polish NRC
Polák kaholka Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Porrón Bastardo Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Scaup English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Toppereend Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Zarro-bastardo Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:02040 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100