Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Carnivora > Family: Canidae > Genus: Canis > Species: Canis aureus > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Canis aureus var. moreotica I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1835

Golden jackal - Canis aureus Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Good
Black Sea - Good
Continental - Good
Mediterranean - Poor
Pannonian - Good
Steppic - Good
Most preferred habitats
  • heathland and shrub
  • wetlands
May also occur in
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • grassland
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 1353


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Aranysakál Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Çakal Turkish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Cakalli Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Chacal Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Chacal doré French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Chacal-dourado Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Golden jackal English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Goldschakal German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gullsjakal Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Jakhals Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Šaakal Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sakaali Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Šakal Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Šakal obecný Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sciacallo dorato Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sjakal Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sjakal Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sjakali Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Xakall Maltese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Canis dalmatinus Wagner, 1841
Canis graecus Wagner, 1841
Canis aureus balcanicus Brusina, 1892
Canis aureus var. moreotica I. Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1835

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100