Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae > Genus: Clangula > Species: Clangula hyemalis

Long-tailed Duck - Clangula hyemalis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 4 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 94 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • rivers and lakes
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
  • shelf
Natura 2000 species code A064


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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE1533301 Germany Staberhuk Map
DE1733301 Germany Sagas-Bank Map
DE2408401 Germany Westermarsch Map
DE2948401 Germany Schorfheide-Chorin Map
DE2951401 Germany Unteres Odertal Map
DE5511401 Germany Engerser Feld Map
DE5920401 Germany Bong'sche Grube und Mainflinger Mainufer Map
DK008X071 Denmark Sydfynske Øhav Map
DK008X072 Denmark Marstal Bugt og den sydlige del af Langeland Map
EE0010170 Estonia Paljassaare Map
EE0040001 Estonia Väinamere Map
EE0040201 Estonia Nõva-Osmussaare Map
EE0040305 Estonia Kabli Map
EE0040346 Estonia Pärnu lahe Map
EE0040412 Estonia Kahtla-Kübassaare Map
EE0040434 Estonia Kura kurgu Map
EE0040469 Estonia Siiksaare-Oessaare Map
EE0040472 Estonia Sutu lahe Map
EE0040476 Estonia Tagamõisa Map
EE0080172 Estonia Endla Map
FR5210090 France Marais salants de Guérande, traicts du Croisic, dunes de Pen Bron Map
FR5310056 France Baie d'Audierne Map
FR5310074 France Baie de Vilaine Map
FR5410013 France Anse de Fouras, baie d'Yves, marais de Rochefort Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
IE0000197 Ireland West of Ardara/Maas Road SAC Map
IE0000268 Ireland Galway Bay Complex SAC Map
IE0001141 Ireland Gweedore Bay and Islands SAC Map
IE0001975 Ireland Ballyhoorisky Point to Fanad Head SAC Map
IE0004013 Ireland Drumcliff Bay SPA Map
IE0004031 Ireland Inner Galway Bay SPA Map
IE0004116 Ireland Inishkeel SPA Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
IT3330005 Italy Foce dell'Isonzo - Isola della Cona Map
IT3330006 Italy Valle Cavanata e Banco Mula di Muggia Map
LV0520300 Latvia Uzava Map
PLB040003 Poland Dolina Dolnej Wisły Map
PLB220004 Poland Ujście Wisły Map
PLB220005 Poland Zatoka Pucka Map
PLB990002 Poland Przybrzeżne wody Bałtyku Map
PLB990003 Poland Zatoka Pomorska Map
SE0230126 Sweden Svensksundsviken Map
SE0410040 Sweden Utklippan Map
SE0410042 Sweden Tromtö-Almö Map
SE0820201 Sweden Padjelanta Map
SE0820619 Sweden Tavvavuoma Map
DE1633491 Germany Ostsee östlich Wagrien Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
BG0000270 Bulgaria Atanasovsko ezero Map
FR4112009 France Forêts et étangs d'Argonne et vallée de l'Ornain Map
DE1123491 Germany Flensburger Förde Map
DE1249301 Germany Westliche Rönnebank Map
BG0000241 Bulgaria Srebarna Map
BG0002041 Bulgaria Kompleks Ropotamo Map
DE6116450 Germany Hessisches Ried mit Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue Map
EE0010129 Estonia Pakri Map
DE5914450 Germany Inselrhein Map
DE1652301 Germany Pommersche Bucht mit Oderbank Map
DE1339301 Germany Kadetrinne Map
DE1525491 Germany Eckernförder Bucht mit Flachgründen Map
PLC990001 Poland Ławica Słupska Map
DE1530491 Germany Östliche Kieler Bucht Map
DE1552401 Germany SPA Pommersche Bucht Map
DE1332301 Germany Fehmarnbelt Map
FR8212004 France Ensemble lac du Bourget-Chautagne-Rhône Map
IT20B0017 Italy Ansa e Valli del Mincio Map
LTPALB001 Lithuania Baltijos jūros priekrantė Map
DE1251301 Germany Adlergrund Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
ROSPA0058 Romania Lacul Stânca Costești Map
DE1343401 Germany Plantagenetgrund Map
DE1446401 Germany Binnenbodden von Rügen Map
DE1542401 Germany Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft und nördlicher Strelasund Map
DE1747402 Germany Greifswalder Bodden und südlicher Strelasund Map
DE1649401 Germany Westliche Pommersche Bucht Map
BG0002051 Bulgaria Kaliakra Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
IE0004151 Ireland Donegal Bay SPA Map
AT1202V00 Austria March-Thaya-Auen Map
ROSPA0123 Romania Lacurile de acumulare de pe Crișul Repede Map
LV0900600 Latvia Vitrupe - Tuja Map
LV0900200 Latvia Akmensrags Map
LV0900400 Latvia Rigas lica rietumu piekraste Map
LV0900700 Latvia Ainazi - Salacgriva Map
LV0900100 Latvia Nida - Perkone Map
LV0900300 Latvia Irbes saurums Map
LV0900500 Latvia Selga uz rietumiem no Tujas Map
LTPALB002 Lithuania Klaipėdos–Ventspilio plynaukštė Map
SE0420360 Sweden Nordvästra Skånes havsområde Map
SE0330308 Sweden Hoburgs bank och Midsjöbankarna Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Birds not included in Appendix II)
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Migratory species of Anatidae)
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Alfågel Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Alli Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Eisente German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Harelde Boréale French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Havelle Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Hoholka lední Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Ijseend Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Jegesréce Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lodówka Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Long-tailed Duck English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Moretta codona Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pato Havelda Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pato-de-cauda-afilada Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:02120 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100