Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Columbiformes > Family: Columbidae > Genus: Columba > Species: Columba livia > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Columba livia livia Gmelin, 1789 Cramp, S. (1985)

Rock Dove - Columba livia Gmelin,1789

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 84 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • urban
Natura 2000 species code A206


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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000069 Spain Embalse de Cornalvo y Sierra Bermeja Map
ES0000072 Spain Sierra Grande de Hornachos Map
ES0000073 Spain Costa Brava de Mallorca Map
ES0000074 Spain Cap de cala Figuera Map
ES0000081 Spain Cap Enderrocat - Cap Blanc Map
ES0000082 Spain Tagomago Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000145 Spain Mondragó Map
ES0000221 Spain Sa Dragonera Map
ES0000222 Spain La Trapa Map
ES0000229 Spain Costa Nord de Ciutadella Map
ES0000230 Spain La Vall Map
ES0000231 Spain Dels Alocs a Fornells Map
ES0000232 Spain La Mola i s'Albufera de Fornells Map
ES0000233 Spain D'Addaia a s'Albufera Map
ES0000234 Spain S'Albufera des Grau Map
ES0000334 Spain Sierras Centrales y Embalse de Alange Map
ES0000394 Spain Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de Saucedilla Map
ES0000431 Spain Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de Jaraiz de la Vera Map
ES0000433 Spain Colonias de Cernícalo Primilla de Belvis de Monroy Map
ES5310023 Spain Illots de Ponent d'Eivissa Map
IT1180004 Italy Greto dello Scrivia Map
IT2020005 Italy Lago di Alserio Map
IT5160012 Italy Monte Capanne e promontorio dell'Enfola Map
IT51A0025 Italy Monte Argentario, Isolotto di Porto Ercole e Argentarola Map
IT9110008 Italy Valloni e Steppe Pedegarganiche Map
IT9110009 Italy Valloni di Mattinata - Monte Sacro Map
IT9120007 Italy Murgia Alta Map
IT9210020 Italy Bosco Cupolicchio Map
IT9210105 Italy Dolomiti di Pietrapertosa Map
IT9210142 Italy Lago Pantano di Pignola Map
IT9210210 Italy Monte Vulture Map
IT9220135 Italy Gravine di Matera Map
IT9220144 Italy Lago S. Giuliano e Timmari Map
IT9220255 Italy Valle Basento - Ferrandina Scalo Map
IT9220260 Italy Valle Basento Grassano Scalo - Grottole Map
ITA030023 Italy Isola di Alicudi Map
ITA030024 Italy Isola di Filicudi Map
ITA030029 Italy Isola di Salina (Stagno di Lingua) Map
PTDES0001 Portugal Ilhas Desertas Map
PTMAD0001 Portugal Laurissilva da Madeira Map
PTMAD0002 Portugal Maciço Montanhoso Central da Ilha da Madeira Map
PTMAD0003 Portugal Ponta de S. Lourenço Map
PTMAD0005 Portugal Achadas da Cruz Map
PTMAD0006 Portugal Moledos - Madalena do Mar Map
PTMAD0007 Portugal Pináculo Map
PTPOR0001 Portugal Ilhéus do Porto Santo Map
PTPOR0002 Portugal Pico Branco - Porto Santo Map
PTZPE0041 Portugal Maciço Montanhoso Oriental da Ilha da Madeira Map
IT9210120 Italy La Falconara Map
IT9150002 Italy Costa Otranto - Santa Maria di Leuca Map
ITA030027 Italy Isola di Vulcano Map
IT9310034 Italy Isola di Dino Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
MT0000030 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Ghawdex: Il-Ponta ta' San Dimitri sal-Ponta ta' Harrux Map
MT0000024 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ir-Ramla tac-Cirkewwa sal-Ponta ta' Benghisa Map
ITA030028 Italy Isola di Salina (Monte Fossa delle Felci e dei Porri) Map
IT5160102 Italy Elba orientale Map
IT9110026 Italy Monte Calvo - Piana di Montenero Map
IT9110012 Italy Testa del Gargano Map
IT9110014 Italy Monte Saraceno Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
MT0000019 Malta L-Inhawi tad-Dwejra u tal-Qawra, inkluz Hagret il-General Map
ITA030044 Italy Arcipelago delle Eolie - area marina e terrestre Map
IT8050054 Italy Costiera Amalfitana tra Maiori e il Torrente Bonea Map
ITA030030 Italy Isola di Lipari Map
ES5310113 Spain La Vall Map
IT9210150 Italy Monte Coccovello - Monte Crivo - Monte Crive Map
IT9210266 Italy Valle del Tuorno - Bosco Luceto Map
IT8050056 Italy Fiume Irno Map
ES5310116 Spain Biniatrum Map
ES5310121 Spain Binigurdó Map
ES5310119 Spain Penyes d'Egipte Map
ES5310120 Spain Es Clot des Guix Map
ES5310127 Spain Costa Brava de Tramuntana Map
ES5310128 Spain Cap Enderrocat i cap Blanc Map
IT4020027 Italy Cronovilla Map
PTMAD0012 Portugal Caniço de Baixo Map
PTMAD0011 Portugal Cabo Girão Map
PTMAD0010 Portugal Ribeira Brava Map
PTMAD0009 Portugal Paul do Mar – Jardim do Mar Map
PTZPE0063 Portugal Ilhas Desertas Map
PTZPE0064 Portugal Ponta de S. Lourenço Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Felsentaube German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Holub skalní Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kalliokyyhky Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Klippduva Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Klippedue Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Paloma Bravía Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Piccione selvatico Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pigeon biset French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pombo-das-rochas Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Rock Dove English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Rotsduif Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Szirti galamb Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:06650 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Columba livia European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100