Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Columbiformes > Family: Columbidae > Genus: Columba > Species: Columba trocaz

Long-toed Pigeon - Columba trocaz Heineken, 1829

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 6 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code A455


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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
PTMAD0001 Portugal Laurissilva da Madeira Map
PTMAD0002 Portugal Maciço Montanhoso Central da Ilha da Madeira Map
PTMAD0005 Portugal Achadas da Cruz Map
PTZPE0041 Portugal Maciço Montanhoso Oriental da Ilha da Madeira Map
PTMAD0010 Portugal Ribeira Brava Map
PTMAD0009 Portugal Paul do Mar – Jardim do Mar Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Colomba de Madeira Italian EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Colomba di Madera Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Holub dlouhoprstý Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Long-toed Pigeon English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Madeira galamb Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Madeira langtået due Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Madeiraduva Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Madeirankyyhky Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Paloma de Madeira Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Paloma torqueza Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Pigeon trocaz French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pombo-dos-loureiros da Madeira Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pombo-torcaz da Madeira Portuguese EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Silberhalstaube German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Trocazduif Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

Bird action plan
CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:06710 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100