Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Rodentia > Family: Muridae > Genus: Cricetus > Species: Cricetus cricetus > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Cricetus cricetus cricetus (Linnaeus, 1758) Fauna Europaea (2005)
Cricetus cricetus canescens Nehring, 1899 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Cricetus cricetus latycranius Ognev, 1922 Fauna Europaea (2005)

Common hamster - Cricetus cricetus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 1 other international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • grassland
Natura 2000 species code 1339


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Chomik europejski Polish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Common hamster English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Criceto comune Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Feldhamster German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Grand hamster French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hamster Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hamster Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hamster Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hamster Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hamster Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hamster Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hamster Turkish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hámster común Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hamsteri Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hamstur Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hârciog Romanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Közönséges hörcsög Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Mus cricetus Linnaeus, 1758
Hamster nigricans Lacepède, 1779
Cricetus vulgaris Geoffroy, 1803
Cricetus frumentarius Pallas, 1811
Heliomys judii Gray, 1873

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Cricetus cricetus European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

22 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2014-01-07 Hungary HU_Art_17_report_2013_second round_10_31 HU_species_report_art17
2014-01-04 Romania RO Art.17 2007-2012 Report from 31 December 2013 RO_species_reports.xml
2013-12-27 Bulgaria BG_habitats_report_2007-2012 Species reports
2013-12-20 Germany German national report 2013 DE_species_reports.xml
2013-12-18 Netherlands NL 2013 report art. 17 NL_species_reports_2013-12-09compleet2.xml
2013-12-17 Slovakia Art 17 report for the period 2007 - 2012 - second delivery SK_species_reports-131217-132945.xml
2013-12-16 Slovenia SI_Article_17_Report_2013_2nd_submission SI_species_reports-131216-13555.xml
2013-12-09 Poland Habitats Directive Art. 17 Report PL_species_reports.xml
2013-10-11 Austria Art 17 HD AT_species_reports-13916-161758.xml
2013-09-18 France Rapport France 2013 FR_species_reports.xml
2013-09-16 Belgium Second Release Art17 Belgium BE_species_reports-13916-154440.xml
2013-08-23 Czechia CZ_Rep_HDArt17_2013_2nd_submission:corrected CZ_species_reports.xml
2008-04-10 Germany German national report Cricetus cricetus
2008-03-21 Slovenia Article 17 Report Cricetus cricetus
2008-03-17 Netherlands NL Report HR 2007 Cricetus cricetus
2008-03-04 Hungary delivery_report_art_17_HU Cricetus cricetus
2008-02-28 France rapport France Cricetus cricetus
2008-02-22 Slovakia report under habitats directive Cricetus cricetus
2008-02-22 Austria Article 17 report Austria Species questionnaire for Cricetus cricetus
2008-01-16 Belgium Natura 2000 habitat report Species questionnaire for Cricetus cricetus
2007-10-01 Czechia Species and Habitats Species questionnaire for Cricetus cricetus
2007-10-01 Poland Report on Implementation Measures Species questionnaire for Cricetus cricetus
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100