Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Reptilia > Order: Squamata > Family: Colubridae > Genus: Elaphe > Species: Elaphe situla

Leopard snake - Elaphe situla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 122 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
May also occur in
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • urban
  • wetlands
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 1293


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.


Not evaluated


Least Concern


Not evaluated

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
IT9130007 Italy Area delle Gravine Map
IT9140003 Italy Stagni e Saline di Punta della Contessa Map
IT9140008 Italy Torre Guaceto Map
IT9220135 Italy Gravine di Matera Map
IT9220144 Italy Lago S. Giuliano e Timmari Map
ITA050001 Italy Biviere e Macconi di Gela Map
ITA070001 Italy Foce del Fiume Simeto e Lago Gornalunga Map
ITA070003 Italy La Gurna Map
ITA090002 Italy Vendicari Map
ITA090003 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud orientale Map
ITA090004 Italy Pantano Morghella Map
ITA090006 Italy Saline di Siracusa e Fiume Ciane Map
ITA090013 Italy Saline di Priolo Map
ITA090014 Italy Saline di Augusta Map
MT0000006 Malta Is-Simar (limiti ta' San Pawl il-Baħar) Map
MT0000009 Malta L-Inħawi tar-Ramla tat-Torri u tal-Irdum tal-Madonna Map
MT0000015 Malta L-Inħawi tal-Għadira Map
MT0000018 Malta L-Inħawi tal-Buskett u tal-Girgenti Map
IT9150006 Italy Rauccio Map
ITA090007 Italy Cava Grande del Cassibile, Cava Cinque Porte, Cava e Bosco di Bauli Map
IT9150002 Italy Costa Otranto - Santa Maria di Leuca Map
IT9150033 Italy Specchia dell'Alto Map
IT9150031 Italy Masseria Zanzara Map
MT0000012 Malta Wied il-Miżieb Map
IT9150001 Italy Bosco Guarini Map
IT9140005 Italy Torre Guaceto e Macchia S. Giovanni Map
ITA080007 Italy Spiaggia Maganuco Map
ITA090024 Italy Cozzo Ogliastri Map
ITA090029 Italy Pantani della Sicilia sud-orientale, Morghella, di Marzamemi, di Punta Pilieri e Vendicari Map
ITA080006 Italy Cava Randello, Passo Marinaro Map
IT9150022 Italy Palude dei Tamari Map
IT9150017 Italy Bosco Chiuso di Presicce Map
IT9150019 Italy Parco delle Querce di Castro Map
ITA050012 Italy Torre Manfria, Biviere e Piana di Gela Map
IT9130005 Italy Murgia di Sud - Est Map
ITA090018 Italy Fiume Tellesimo Map
MT0000021 Malta L-Inħawi tal-Imġiebaħ u tal-Miġnuna Map
IT9150016 Italy Bosco di Otranto Map
BG0000167 Bulgaria Belasitsa Map
ITA090010 Italy Isola Correnti, Pantani di Punta Pilieri, chiusa dell'Alga e Parrino Map
ITA090009 Italy Valle del Fiume Anapo, Cavagrande del Calcinara, Cugni di Sortino Map
ITA070008 Italy Complesso Immacolatelle, Micio Conti, boschi limitrofi Map
IT9150018 Italy Bosco Serra dei Cianci Map
IT9140004 Italy Bosco I Lucci Map
ITA090023 Italy Monte Lauro Map
MT0000024 Malta Rdumijiet ta' Malta: Ir-Ramla taċ-Ċirkewwa sal-Ponta ta' Bengħisa Map
ITA080004 Italy Punta Braccetto, Contrada Cammarana Map
IT9150012 Italy Bosco di Cardigliano Map
ITA090015 Italy Torrente Sapillone Map
IT9150003 Italy Aquatina di Frigole Map
ITA090008 Italy Capo Murro di Porco, Penisola della Maddalena e Grotta Pellegrino Map
IT9120006 Italy Laghi di Conversano Map
ITA080003 Italy Vallata del Fiume Ippari (Pineta di Vittoria) Map
ITA070029 Italy Biviere di Lentini, tratto mediano e foce del Fiume Simeto e area antistante la foce Map
ITA090011 Italy Grotta Monello Map
ITA090001 Italy Isola di Capo Passero Map
BG0000366 Bulgaria Kresna - Ilindentsi Map
IT9140006 Italy Bosco di Santa Teresa Map
ITA030031 Italy Isola Bella, Capo Taormina e Capo S. Andrea Map
IT9150011 Italy Alimini Map
ITA090005 Italy Pantano di Marzamemi Map
ITA090016 Italy Alto corso del Fiume Asinaro, Cava Piraro e Cava Carosello Map
ITA050007 Italy Sughereta di Niscemi Map
IT9150032 Italy Le Cesine Map
ITA080009 Italy Cava d'Ispica Map
BG0000146 Bulgaria Plazh Gradina - Zlatna ribka Map
ITA050011 Italy Torre Manfria Map
ITA080001 Italy Foce del Fiume Irminio Map
ITA090020 Italy Monti Climiti Map
ITA080002 Italy Alto corso del Fiume Irmino Map
IT9150013 Italy Palude del Capitano Map
IT9150005 Italy Boschetto di Tricase Map
ITA010011 Italy Sistema dunale Capo Granitola, Porto Palo e Foce del Belice Map
ITA070005 Italy Bosco di Santo Pietro Map
BG0001001 Bulgaria Ropotamo Map
ITA090012 Italy Grotta Palombara Map
IT9120002 Italy Murgia dei Trulli Map
ITA090021 Italy Cava Contessa - Cugno Lupo Map
IT9140001 Italy Bosco Tramazzone Map
IT9150009 Italy Litorale di Ugento Map
BG0001031 Bulgaria Rodopi - Sredni Map
IT9150008 Italy Montagna Spaccata e Rupi di San Mauro Map
IT9150030 Italy Bosco La Lizza e Macchia del Pagliarone Map
IT9140002 Italy Litorale Brindisino Map
ITA090019 Italy Cava Cardinale Map
IT9150023 Italy Bosco Danieli Map
IT9150020 Italy Bosco Pecorara Map
ITA090022 Italy Bosco Pisano Map
IT9150029 Italy Bosco di Cervalora Map
BG0000574 Bulgaria Aheloy - Ravda - Nesebar Map
BG0000224 Bulgaria Ograzhden - Maleshevo Map
IT9150010 Italy Bosco Macchia di Ponente Map
IT9150021 Italy Bosco le Chiuse Map
BG0001028 Bulgaria Sreden Pirin - Alibotush Map
BG0001004 Bulgaria Emine - Irakli Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
BG0001023 Bulgaria Rupite - Strumeshnitsa Map
HR2000929 Croatia Rijeka Cetina - kanjonski dio Map
HR5000030 Croatia Biokovo Map
HR2001352 Croatia Mosor Map
HR2000946 Croatia Snježnica i Konavosko polje Map
HR2001358 Croatia Otok Cres Map
HR2000911 Croatia Kolansko blato - Blato Rogoza Map
HR5000031 Croatia Delta Neretve Map
HR2001315 Croatia Rastočko polje Map
HR4000018 Croatia Paške stijene Velebitskog Kanala (Rt Sv. Nikola – Rt Fortica – Rt Mrtva) Map
HR2000942 Croatia Otok Vis Map
HR2001350 Croatia Podbiokovlje Map
HR2001363 Croatia Zaleđe Trogira Map
HR2001366 Croatia Bokanjačko blato Map
HR2001361 Croatia Ravni kotari Map
HR2001357 Croatia Otok Krk Map
HR2000918 Croatia Šire područje NP Krka Map
HR2001364 Croatia JI dio Pelješca Map
HR4000019 Croatia Paške stijene Velebitskog Kanala (Rt Deda - Rt Krištofer) Map
HR5000022 Croatia Park prirode Velebit Map
HR2001367 Croatia I dio Korčule Map
HR2001046 Croatia Matica-Vrgoračko polje Map
HR4000002 Croatia Park prirode Telašćica Map
ITA080012 Italy Torrente Prainito Map
ITA080011 Italy Conca del Salto Map
IT9150035 Italy Padula Mancina Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Colubro leopardino Italian EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Couleuvre léopardine French Gasc J.P. and al.
Culebra moteada Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Leopard snake English Gasc J.P. and al.
Leopardnatter German Gasc J.P. and al.
Leopardsnog Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Luipaardslang Dutch EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Synonym Author
Coluber situla Linnaeus, 1758
Coluber quadrilineatus Pallas, 1814
Coluber leopardinus Bonaparte, 1834
Coluber cruentatus Stevini, 1835
Callopeltis leopardinus var. metaxa Bonaparte, 1840
Elaphe sicula Lankes, 1911

Other resources

Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100