Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Insectivora > Family: Erinaceidae > Genus: Erinaceus > Species: Erinaceus europaeus > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Erinaceus europaeus europaeus Linnaeus, 1758 Fauna Europaea (2005)

Western hedgehog - Erinaceus europaeus Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by 1 international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
  • urban
May also occur in
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code 2590


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Ariciul-european Romanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Braunbrustigel German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Broddgöltur Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Brunkrutainais ezis Latvian Latvian NRC
Egel Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Erizo europeo occidental Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Európai sün Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Harilik siil Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hérisson d'Europe French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Igelkott Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Kéisécker Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ouriço-cacheiro Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Piggsvin Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Pindsvin Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Qanfud Maltese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Riccio europeo Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Siili Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Tavasiil Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Western hedgehog English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Westigel German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Hystrix erineaceus Blumenbach, 1779
Erinaceus suillus Geoffroy, 1803
Erinaceus caniceps Smith, 1845
Erinaceus caninus Geoffroy, 1803
Erinaceus echinus Schulze, 1897
Erinaceus europaeus occidentalis Barrett-Hamilton 1900
Erinaceus europaeus hispanicus Barrett-Hamilton, 1900
Erinaceus europaeus italicus Barrett-Hamilton, 1900
Erinaceus europaeus meridionalis Altobello, 1920
Erinaceus europaeus centralrossicus Ognev, 1926
Erinaceus europaeus typicus Barrett-Hamilton, 1900
Erinaceus europaeus consolei Barrett-Hamilton, 1900

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Erinaceus europaeus European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100