Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Alcidae > Genus: Fratercula > Species: Fratercula arctica

Puffin - Fratercula arctica (Linnaeus, 1758)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Endangered (IUCN)
EU Population status
Near threatened
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 71 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • open ocean
  • shelf
Natura 2000 species code A204


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Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000197 Spain Acantilados del Monte Hacho Map
ES0000317 Spain Penarronda-Barayo Map
ES0000319 Spain Ría de Ribadesella-Ría de Tinamayor Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatxe Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES5310024 Spain La Mola Map
ES5310025 Spain Cap de Barbaria Map
ES6310001 Spain Calamocarro-Benzú Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR5310011 France Côte de Granit Rose-Sept Iles Map
FR5310072 France Ouessant-Molène Map
FR5310073 France Baie de Morlaix Map
FR9310020 France Iles d'Hyères Map
IE0000147 Ireland Horn Head and Rinclevan SAC Map
IE0000190 Ireland Slieve Tooey/Tormore Island/Loughros Beg Bay SAC Map
IE0000204 Ireland Lambay Island SAC Map
IE0000500 Ireland Glenamoy Bog Complex SAC Map
IE0000707 Ireland Saltee Islands SAC Map
IE0002172 Ireland Blasket Islands SAC Map
IE0002193 Ireland Ireland's Eye SAC Map
IE0002243 Ireland Clare Island Cliffs SAC Map
IE0002259 Ireland Tory Island Coast SAC Map
IE0004002 Ireland Saltee Islands SPA Map
IE0004003 Ireland Puffin Island SPA Map
IE0004005 Ireland Cliffs of Moher SPA Map
IE0004007 Ireland Skelligs SPA Map
IE0004008 Ireland Blasket Islands SPA Map
IE0004066 Ireland The Bull and The Cow Rocks SPA Map
IE0004069 Ireland Lambay Island SPA Map
IE0004072 Ireland Stags of Broad Haven SPA Map
IE0004073 Ireland Tory Island SPA Map
IE0004074 Ireland Illanmaster SPA Map
IE0004117 Ireland Ireland's Eye SPA Map
ITA010001 Italy Isole dello Stagnone di Marsala Map
ITA010007 Italy Saline di Trapani Map
UK9001011 United Kingdom North Rona and Sula Sgeir Map
UK9001021 United Kingdom Flannan Isles Map
UK9001031 United Kingdom St Kilda Map
UK9001041 United Kingdom Shiant Isles Map
UK9001121 United Kingdom Mingulay and Berneray Map
UK9001181 United Kingdom North Caithness Cliffs Map
UK9001182 United Kingdom East Caithness Cliffs Map
UK9001231 United Kingdom Cape Wrath Map
UK9001431 United Kingdom Canna and Sanday Map
UK9002011 United Kingdom Hermaness, Saxa Vord and Valla Field Map
UK9002061 United Kingdom Foula Map
UK9002081 United Kingdom Noss Map
UK9002091 United Kingdom Fair Isle Map
UK9002141 United Kingdom Hoy Map
UK9002181 United Kingdom Sule Skerry and Sule Stack Map
UK9004171 United Kingdom Forth Islands Map
UK9014051 United Kingdom Skomer, Skokholm and the Seas off Pembrokeshire / Sgomer, Sgogwm a Moroedd Penfro Map
ITA010028 Italy Stagnone di Marsala e Saline di Trapani - area marina e terrestre Map
ES6310002 Spain Zona marítimo-terrestre del Monte Hacho Map
ES6320001 Spain Zona marítimo terrestre de los acantilados de Aguadú Map
ES90ATL01 Spain El Cachucho Map
UKGIB0002 United Kingdom Southern Waters of Gibraltar Map
IE0004194 Ireland Horn Head to Fanad Head SPA Map
IE0004136 Ireland Clare Island SPA Map
IE0004177 Ireland Bills Rocks SPA Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000512 Spain Espacio marino del Delta de l'Ebre-Illes Columbretes Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map
ES0000510 Spain Plataforma-talud marinos del Cabo de la Nao Map
ES0000500 Spain Golfo de Cádiz Map
ES0000514 Spain Espacio marino de l'Empordà Map
UK9020325 United Kingdom Northumberland Marine Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Frailecillo Atlántico Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lunda Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lunde Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Lunnefågel Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lunni Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Macareux moine French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Maskonur Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papagaio-do-mar Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papageitaucher German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papegaaiduiker Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papuchalk ploskozobý Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Puffin English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pulcinella di mare Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:06540 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100