Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Rodentia > Family: Hystricidae > Genus: Hystrix > Species: Hystrix cristata > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Hystrix cristata var. indica Kerr, 1792

Crested porcupine - Hystrix cristata Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Good
Continental - Good
Mediterranean - Good
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 2 other international agreements
Most preferred habitats
  • heathland and shrub
May also occur in
  • cropland
  • grassland
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 1344


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Crested porcupine English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Dikobraz Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Dikobraz európsky Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Dikobraz obecný Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hulepiggsvin Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hulepindsvin Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Istrice Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Nordafrikanescht Stachelschwäin Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Okassiga Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Oklu kirpi Turkish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Piggsvin Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Piikkisika Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Porc-épic à crête French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Porco-espinho Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Porkuspin Maltese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Puercoespín Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Puntsvín Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Stachelschwein German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Stekelvarken Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Tarajos sül Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Acanthion daubentoni Cuvier, 1823
Acanthion cuvieri Gray, 1847
Hystrix occidanea Cabrera, 1924

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Hystrix cristata European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

2 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2013-12-04 Italy 3rd Italian national report 2013 IT_species_reports.xml
2008-03-05 Italy Italy Hystrix cristata
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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