Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Lagomorpha > Family: Leporidae > Genus: Lepus > Species: Lepus timidus > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Lepus timidus timidus Linnaeus, 1758 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Lepus timidus scoticus Hilzheimer, 1906 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Lepus timidus varronis Miller, 1901 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Lepus timidus hibernicus Bell, 1837 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Lepus timidus kozhevnikovi Ognev, 1929 Fauna Europaea (2005)

Mountain hare - Lepus timidus Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 1 other international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • cropland
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • wetlands
Natura 2000 species code 1334


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Baltasis kiškis Lithuanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Bijeli zec Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Hare Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Havasi nyúl Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lebre-variável Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lepre variabile Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Liebre variable Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Lièvre variable French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Metsäjänis Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Mountain hare English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Nordhare Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Planinski zajec Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Polarhues Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Schneehase German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Skogshare Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Sneeuwhaas Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Snehare Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Snæhéri Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Valgejänes Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Zajac belák Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
zajac bielak Polish Polish NRC
Synonym Author
Lepus variabilis Pallas, 1778
Lepus algidus Pallas, 1778
Lepus septentrionalis Link, 1795
Lepus canescens Nilsson, 1844
Lepus varronis Miller, 1901
Lepus albus Leach, 1816
Lepus sclavonius Blyth, 1842
Lepus hibernicus Bell, 1837
Lepus gichiganus Allen, 1903
Lepus kamtschaticus Dybowski, 1922

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Lepus timidus European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

26 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2013-12-30 Lithuania Third LT report on Art.17,2007-2012 LT_species_reports-131230-135438.xml
2013-12-30 Sweden Report on Implementation Measures (Art.17.1)_delivery 2013 SE_species_reports-131230-111623.xml
2013-12-20 Germany German national report 2013 DE_species_reports.xml
2013-12-16 Slovenia SI_Article_17_Report_2013_2nd_submission SI_species_reports-131216-13555.xml
2013-12-09 Poland Habitats Directive Art. 17 Report PL_species_reports.xml
2013-12-04 Italy 3rd Italian national report 2013 IT_species_reports.xml
2013-10-18 Latvia LATVIA_2007-2012 LV_species_reports-131018-113252.xml
2013-10-11 Austria Art 17 HD AT_species_reports-13916-161758.xml
2013-10-10 United Kingdom Habitats Directive Article 17 2013 2nd submission UK GB_species_reports-13925-15297.xml
2013-10-07 Finland Habitat directive reporting (FI) 2007-2012 FI_species_reports.xml
2013-09-18 France Rapport France 2013 FR_species_reports.xml
2013-09-17 Estonia Eesti2013 EE_species_reports-13917-14855.xml
2013-09-13 Ireland Habitats Directive Article 17 Report 2013 IE_species_reports-1396-14232.xml
2008-04-14 Estonia eesti Species questionnaire for Lepus timidus
2008-04-10 Germany German national report Lepus timidus
2008-03-21 Slovenia Article 17 Report Lepus timidus
2008-03-05 Italy Italy Lepus timidus
2008-03-03 Lithuania Buveiniu direktyvos igyvendinimo ataskaita Species questionnaire for Lepus timidus
2008-02-28 France rapport France Lepus timidus
2008-02-25 United Kingdom UK_submission Lepus timidus
2008-02-22 Austria Article 17 report Austria Species questionnaire for Lepus timidus
2008-01-11 Finland Suomi virallinen Species questionnaire for Lepus timidus
2008-01-11 Ireland Habitats Directive Article 17 report Lepus timidus
2007-10-02 Latvia LATVIA 2001-2006 Lepus timidus
2007-10-02 Sweden Report on Implementation Measures (Art.17.1)_delivery 2007 Species questionnaire for Lepus timidus
2007-10-01 Poland Report on Implementation Measures Species questionnaire for Lepus timidus
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