Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Mollusca > Class: Bivalvia > Order: Unionoida > Family: Margaritiferidae > Genus: Margaritifera > Species: Margaritifera margaritifera > See subspecies

Freshwater Pearl Mussel - Margaritifera margaritifera (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Critically Endangered (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Bad
Atlantic - Bad
Boreal - Bad
Continental - Bad
Mediterranean - Bad
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 261 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
Natura 2000 species code 1029


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BE34049C0 Belgium Basse-Vierre Map
BE34052C0 Belgium Forêt d'Anlier Map
DE5403301 Germany Perlenbach-Fuhrtsbachtal Map
DE5436303 Germany Wettera Map
DE5537302 Germany Grünes Band Sachsen / Bayern Map
DE5538302 Germany Triebelbachtal Map
DE5639302 Germany Raunerbach- und Haarbachtal Map
DE5824301 Germany Schondratalsystem Map
DE5838302 Germany Eger- und Röslautal Map
DE6003301 Germany Ourtal Map
DE6843302 Germany Birkenbruchwald Oed und Erlenwälder bei Arnbruck und Hötzelsried Map
DE6939302 Germany Bachtäler im Falkensteiner Vorwald Map
DE7245301 Germany Bayerwaldbäche um Schöllnach und Eging am See Map
DK00AX175 Denmark Nørholm Hede, Nørholm Skov og Varde Å øst for Varde Map
ES1110003 Spain Fragas do Eume Map
ES1110007 Spain Betanzos - Mandeo Map
ES1120002 Spain Río Eo Map
ES1120003 Spain Parga - Ladra - Támoga Map
ES1120012 Spain Río Landro Map
ES1120013 Spain Río Ouro Map
ES1140001 Spain Sistema fluvial Ulla - Deza Map
ES1140013 Spain Serra do Candán Map
ES1140015 Spain Sobreirais do Arnego Map
ES1200023 Spain Río Eo (Asturias) Map
ES1200024 Spain Río Porcía Map
ES1200025 Spain Río Navia Map
ES1200027 Spain Río Esva Map
ES1200028 Spain Río Esqueiro Map
ES1200030 Spain Río Narcea Map
ES1200048 Spain Alto Navia Map
ES1200050 Spain Cuenca del Alto Narcea Map
ES2200014 Spain Río Bidasoa Map
FR2500091 France Vallée de l'Orne et ses affluents Map
FR2500113 France Bassin de l'Airou Map
FR2600987 France Milieux humides, forêts, pelouses et habitats à Chauves-souris du Morvan Map
FR5300006 France Rivière Elle Map
FR5300007 France Têtes de bassin du Blavet et de l'Hyères Map
FR5300013 France Monts d'Arrée centre et est Map
FR5300024 France Rivière Elorn Map
FR5300026 France Rivière Scorff, Forêt de Pont Calleck, Rivière Sarre Map
FR5300041 France Vallée de l'Aulne Map
FR7200760 France Massif de la Rhune et de Choldocogagna Map
FR7200781 France Gave de Pau Map
FR7200785 France La Nivelle (estuaire, barthes et cours d'eau) Map
FR7200788 France La Joyeuse (cours d'eau) Map
FR7300913 France Basse vallée du Célé Map
FR7300942 France Vallée de l'Arn Map
FR7301631 France Vallées du Tarn, de l'Aveyron, du Viaur, de l'Agout et du Gijou Map
FR7401103 France Vallée de la Dordogne sur l'ensemble de son cours et affluents Map
FR7401105 France Landes et zones humides de la Haute Vézère Map
FR7401109 France Gorges de la Vézère autour de Treignac Map
FR7401145 France Landes et zones humides autour du lac de Vassivière Map
FR7401146 France Vallée du Taurion et affluents Map
FR7401147 France Vallée de la Gartempe sur l'ensemble de son cours et affluents Map
FR7401148 France Haute-vallée de la Vienne Map
FR7401149 France Forêt d'Epagne Map
FR8201665 France Allier et ses affluents Map
FR8201768 France Ruisseaux du Boën, Ban et Font d'Aix Map
FR8301075 France Gorges de l'Allier et affluents Map
FR8301080 France Gorges de l'Arzon Map
FR8301081 France Gorges de la Loire et affluents partie sud Map
FR8301088 France Haute vallée du Lignon Map
FR8301091 France Dore et affluents Map
FR8301094 France Section à moules perlières de la Truyère Map
FR8302011 France Tunnels des Gorges du Chavanon Map
FR9101352 France Plateau de l'Aubrac Map
IE0000140 Ireland Fawnboy Bog/Lough Nacung SAC Map
IE0000163 Ireland Lough Eske and Ardnamona Wood SAC Map
IE0000197 Ireland West of Ardara/Maas Road SAC Map
IE0000297 Ireland Lough Corrib SAC Map
IE0000365 Ireland Killarney National Park, Macgillycuddy's Reeks and Caragh River Catchment SAC Map
IE0000375 Ireland Mount Brandon SAC Map
IE0000781 Ireland Slaney River Valley SAC Map
IE0001879 Ireland Glanmore Bog SAC Map
IE0001932 Ireland Mweelrea/Sheeffry/Erriff Complex SAC Map
IE0002031 Ireland The Twelve Bens/Garraun Complex SAC Map
IE0002047 Ireland Cloghernagore Bog and Glenveagh National Park SAC Map
IE0002137 Ireland Lower River Suir SAC Map
IE0002144 Ireland Newport River SAC Map
IE0002162 Ireland River Barrow and River Nore SAC Map
IE0002165 Ireland Lower River Shannon SAC Map
IE0002170 Ireland Blackwater River (Cork/Waterford) SAC Map
IE0002171 Ireland Bandon River SAC Map
IE0002173 Ireland Blackwater River (Kerry) SAC Map
IE0002176 Ireland Leannan River SAC Map
LU0001002 Luxembourg Vallée de l'Our de Ouren a Wallendorf Pont Map
LU0002003 Luxembourg Vallée supérieure de l'Our et affluents de Lieler à Dasbourg Map
LV0200100 Latvia Gaujas nacionalais parks Map
LV0524100 Latvia Mezole Map
PTCON0001 Portugal Peneda / Gerês Map
PTCON0002 Portugal Montesinho / Nogueira Map
PTZPE0002 Portugal Serra do Gerês Map
SE0220304 Sweden Kilaån-Vretaån Map
SE0230216 Sweden Silverån Map
SE0240028 Sweden Kvarnbäcken-Lärkesån Map
SE0240073 Sweden Grängshytteforsarna Map
SE0240077 Sweden Lillsjöbäcken-Järlehyttebäcken Map
SE0250103 Sweden Hedströmmen Map
SE0250141 Sweden Håltjärnsbäcken Map
SE0250183 Sweden Forsån-Bråtmossen Map
SE0250185 Sweden Venabäcken Map
SE0310331 Sweden Illharjen Map
SE0310406 Sweden Emån (västra) Map
SE0310407 Sweden Sällevadsån (västra) Map
SE0310408 Sweden Silverån (norra) Map
SE0310409 Sweden Gagnån Map
SE0310513 Sweden Gnyltån Map
SE0310637 Sweden Solgenån Map
SE0310638 Sweden Holmån Map
SE0310727 Sweden Nyckelås Map
SE0330048 Sweden Sällevadsån (östra) Map
SE0330160 Sweden Emåns vattensystem i Kalmar län Map
SE0410078 Sweden Ire Map
SE0410122 Sweden Grimsmåla Map
SE0410128 Sweden Mörrumsån Map
SE0410167 Sweden Loberget Map
SE0410168 Sweden Bräkneån Map
SE0410215 Sweden Silletorpsån Map
SE0410218 Sweden Lyckebyåns dalgång Map
SE0420244 Sweden Östafors-Ljungryda Map
SE0420306 Sweden Holjeån Map
SE0420310 Sweden Vramsån Map
SE0510115 Sweden Högvadsån Map
SE0510130 Sweden Hovgårdsån Map
SE0520162 Sweden Bratteforsån Map
SE0520167 Sweden Lärjeån Map
SE0520168 Sweden Risbohult Map
SE0520182 Sweden Enningdalsälven Map
SE0530059 Sweden Kolarebäcken Map
SE0530075 Sweden Önnarp Map
SE0530110 Sweden Tattarströmmarna Map
SE0530115 Sweden Sollumsån Map
SE0530117 Sweden Stommebäcken Map
SE0530134 Sweden Slereboån Map
SE0540168 Sweden Ettaks strömmar Map
SE0540215 Sweden Öabäcken Map
SE0610153 Sweden Gullsjöälven Map
SE0610159 Sweden Älgån-Mörtebäcken Map
SE0610160 Sweden Slorudsälven Map
SE0610161 Sweden Dalsälven Map
SE0610162 Sweden Öjenäsbäcken Map
SE0610163 Sweden Torgilsrudsälven Map
SE0610164 Sweden Billan Map
SE0610168 Sweden Rattån Map
SE0610178 Sweden Brattforsheden Map
SE0620016 Sweden Fuluälven Map
SE0620017 Sweden Trollvasslan Map
SE0620025 Sweden Hälla Map
SE0620107 Sweden Sångån Map
SE0620174 Sweden Lortån Map
SE0620185 Sweden Ärtknubben Map
SE0620259 Sweden Gönan Map
SE0620300 Sweden Lurån Map
SE0630042 Sweden Djupsjön-Römmaberget Map
SE0630055 Sweden Voxnan Map
SE0630099 Sweden Ängraån Map
SE0630101 Sweden Mellanljusnan Laforsen-Korskrogen Map
SE0630140 Sweden Enångersån Map
SE0630164 Sweden Testeboån Map
SE0630179 Sweden Skärjån Map
SE0630202 Sweden Mörtsjöbäcken Map
SE0630206 Sweden Galvån Map
SE0630207 Sweden Lillån Map
SE0630214 Sweden Kolarsjöbäcken Map
SE0630220 Sweden Flotthöljan Map
SE0630223 Sweden Mellanljusnan Korskrogen-Edeforsen Map
SE0630238 Sweden Testeboån-nedre Map
SE0710033 Sweden Jämtgaveln Map
SE0710131 Sweden Övre Sulån Map
SE0710153 Sweden Hemlingsån Map
SE0710155 Sweden Helvetesbrännan (södra) Map
SE0710164 Sweden Moälven Map
SE0710170 Sweden Örasjöbäcken-Storsvedjan Map
SE0710172 Sweden Juån Map
SE0710173 Sweden Maljan Map
SE0710176 Sweden Vattenån Map
SE0710184 Sweden Lill-Mårdsjöbäcken Map
SE0710191 Sweden Navarån Map
SE0720056 Sweden Näkten Map
SE0720287 Sweden Storån (Ammerån alpin) Map
SE0720294 Sweden Gimån; Uppströms Holmsjön Map
SE0720359 Sweden Ammerån Map
SE0720370 Sweden Långsån Ytterhogdal Map
SE0720371 Sweden Hökvattsån Map
SE0720409 Sweden Läskvattsån Map
SE0810080 Sweden Vindelfjällen Map
SE0810357 Sweden Malå-Storforsen Map
SE0810433 Sweden Lögdeälven Map
SE0810434 Sweden Öreälven Map
SE0810435 Sweden Vindelälven Map
SE0810436 Sweden Sävarån Map
SE0810437 Sweden Byskeälven Map
SE0810438 Sweden Åbyälven Map
SE0810487 Sweden Paubäcken Map
SE0810488 Sweden Skansnäsån Map
SE0820056 Sweden Laisdalens fjällurskog Map
SE0820209 Sweden Lina fjällurskog Map
SE0820430 Sweden Torne och Kalix älvsystem Map
SE0820431 Sweden Råneälven Map
SE0820432 Sweden Byskeälven Map
SE0820433 Sweden Åbyälven Map
SE0820434 Sweden Piteälven Map
SE0820719 Sweden Aspberget Map
SE0820728 Sweden Görjeån Map
SE0820737 Sweden Laisälven Map
SE0310805 Sweden Brusaån Map
DE7144373 Germany Obere Hengersberger Ohe mit Hangwiesen Map
ES4110078 Spain Riberas del Río Alberche y afluentes Map
DE7045371 Germany Oberlauf des Regens und Nebenbäche Map
FR7200809 France Réseau hydrographique de la Haute Dronne Map
ES4170083 Spain Riberas del Río Duero y afluentes Map
DE6641371 Germany Schwarzachtal zwischen Hocha und Schönthal Map
ES4150032 Spain El Rebollar Map
DE5523302 Germany Zuflüsse der Fliede Map
DE7043372 Germany Wolfertsrieder Bach Map
DE7347371 Germany Erlau Map
DE6541371 Germany Bayerische Schwarzach und Biberbach Map
LV0528100 Latvia Sepka Map
DE5738371 Germany Nordostbayerische Bachtäler um Rehau Map
CZ0314123 Czech Republic Boletice Map
DE5936371 Germany Heinersreuther Bach Map
CZ0314024 Czech Republic Šumava Map
ES4190105 Spain Lago de Sanabria y alrededores Map
FR2601015 France Bocage, forêts et milieux humides du Sud Morvan Map
CZ0314022 Czech Republic Horní Malše Map
CZ0413177 Czech Republic Bystřina - Lužní potok Map
DE6943371 Germany Aitnach Map
FR4301344 France Vallée de la Lanterne Map
DE6139371 Germany Waldnaabtal zwischen Tirschenreuth und Windisch-Eschenbach Map
DE7246371 Germany Ilz-Talsystem Map
LV0527800 Latvia Melturu sils Map
FR2502015 France Vallée du Sarthon et affluents Map
DE3127331 Germany Lutter, Lachte, Aschau (mit einigen Nebenbächen) Map
DE5422303 Germany Talauen bei Herbstein Map
CZ0313805 Czech Republic Blanice Map
ES4190067 Spain Riberas del Río Tera y afluentes Map
LV0528000 Latvia Rauza Map
DE2628331 Germany Ilmenau mit Nebenbächen Map
DE6844371 Germany Oberlauf des Weißen Regens bis Kötzting mit Kaitersbachaue Map
LV0528200 Latvia Launkalne Map
DE6138371 Germany Grenzbach und Heinbach im Steinwald Map
PTCON0059 Portugal Rio Paiva Map
ES4190131 Spain Riberas del Río Tuela y afluentes Map
DE7348371 Germany Moore im Bereich Sonnen-Wegscheid mit Abschnitten des Rannatals Map
AT3121000 Austria Böhmerwald und Mühltäler Map
AT3115000 Austria Maltsch Map
AT1201A00 Austria Waldviertler Teich-, Heide- und Moorlandschaft Map
AT3120000 Austria Waldaist und Naarn Map
PTZPE0003 Portugal Montesinho / Nogueira Map
AT3131000 Austria Leitenbach Map
BE34047C0 Belgium Haute-Vierre Map
BE33038C0 Belgium Vallée de la Schwalm Map
BE34023C0 Belgium Vallée de l'Ourthe entre Nisramont et La Roche Map
BE34050C0 Belgium Bassin de la Semois entre Tintigny et Jamoigne Map
BE34031C0 Belgium Bassin moyen de l'Ourthe occidentale Map
BE33065C0 Belgium Vallée inférieure de l'Our et ses affluents Map
BE34039C0 Belgium Haute-Sûre Map
FR8302040 France Rivières à Moules perlières du bassin de l'Ance du Nord et de l'Arzon Map
FR8302033 France Affluents de la Cère en Chataigneraie Map
FR8302039 France Rivières à Moules perlières du bassin de la Dolore Map
SE0420334 Sweden Hovdala Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Elvemusling Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Flodpärlmussla Swedish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Flodperlemusling Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Flussperlmuschel German EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Freshwater Pearl Mussel English EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Moule d'eau douce French EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Ostra de agua dulce Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Ostrica d'acqua dolce Italian EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Perla de agua dulce Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
ziemelu upesperlene Latvian Latvian NRC
Synonym Author
Margaritana michaudi Locard, 1889
Margaritifera elongata Lamarck
Unio elongata Lamarck, 1819
Margaritana durrovensis Bloomer, 1928
Margaritifera margaritifera durrovensis Phillips, 1928

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

29 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2014-01-28 Denmark 2nd submission 2007-2012 DK_species_reports-131220-95922.xml
2014-01-08 Luxembourg Article 17 report 92/43/CEE 2007_2012 Luxembourg LU_species_reports-13823-134519.xml
2013-12-30 Sweden Report on Implementation Measures (Art.17.1)_delivery 2013 SE_species_reports-131230-111623.xml
2013-12-20 Germany German national report 2013 DE_species_reports.xml
2013-10-18 Latvia LATVIA_2007-2012 LV_species_reports-131018-113252.xml
2013-10-11 Austria Art 17 HD AT_species_reports-13916-161758.xml
2013-10-10 United Kingdom Habitats Directive Article 17 2013 2nd submission UK GB_species_reports-13925-15297.xml
2013-10-07 Finland Habitat directive reporting (FI) 2007-2012 FI_species_reports.xml
2013-09-18 France Rapport France 2013 FR_species_reports.xml
2013-09-18 Portugal Relatorio nacional sobre a implementacao da Directiva Habitats 2013 PT_species_reports.xml
2013-09-17 Estonia Eesti2013 EE_species_reports-13917-14855.xml
2013-09-16 Belgium Second Release Art17 Belgium BE_species_reports-13916-154440.xml
2013-09-13 Ireland Habitats Directive Article 17 Report 2013 IE_species_reports-1396-14232.xml
2013-09-11 Spain Habitats Directive: Report Art.17 2007-2012 ES_species_reports
2013-08-23 Czechia CZ_Rep_HDArt17_2013_2nd_submission:corrected CZ_species_reports.xml
2008-07-07 Spain Spain's delivery of 3 July Margaritifera margaritifera
2008-04-14 Estonia eesti Species questionnaire for Margaritifera margaritifera
2008-04-10 Germany German national report Margaritifera margaritifera
2008-02-28 France rapport France Margaritifera margaritifera
2008-02-26 Denmark DK Species questionnaire for Margaritifera margaritifera
2008-02-25 United Kingdom UK_submission Margaritifera margaritifera
2008-02-22 Austria Article 17 report Austria Species questionnaire for Margaritifera margaritifera
2008-01-16 Belgium Natura 2000 habitat report Species questionnaire for Margaritifera margaritifera
2008-01-15 Luxembourg Article 17 report 92/43/CEE Luxembourg Species questionnaire for Margaritifera margaritifera
2008-01-11 Ireland Habitats Directive Article 17 report Margaritifera margaritifera
2007-10-02 Sweden Report on Implementation Measures (Art.17.1)_delivery 2007 Species questionnaire for Margaritifera margaritifera
2007-10-02 Latvia LATVIA 2001-2006 Margaritifera margaritifera
2007-10-01 Czechia Species and Habitats Species questionnaire for Margaritifera margaritifera
2007-10-01 Poland Report on Implementation Measures Species questionnaire for Margaritifera margaritifera
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100