Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae > Genus: Mergus > Species: Mergus merganser

Goosander - Mergus merganser Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 3 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 349 are designated for this species
Natura 2000 species code A070


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
CY6000002 Cyprus ALYKES LARNAKAS Map
DK002X110 Denmark Saltholm og omliggende hav Map
DK002X111 Denmark Vestamager og havet syd for Map
DK002Y109 Denmark Furesø med Vaserne og Farum Sø Map
DK003X343 Denmark Arresø Map
DK004Y105 Denmark Roskilde Fjord, Kattinge Vig og Kattinge Sø Map
DK005Y102 Denmark Havet mellem Korshage og Hundested Map
DK006X081 Denmark Karrebæk, Dybsø og Avnø Fjorde Map
DK006X084 Denmark Ulvsund, Grønsund og Farø Fjord Map
DK006X085 Denmark Smålandshavet nord for Lolland Map
DK006X086 Denmark Guldborgsund Map
DK006X087 Denmark Maribosøerne Map
DK006X089 Denmark Præstø Fjord, Ulvshale, Nyord og Jungshoved Nor Map
DK008X075 Denmark Odense Fjord Map
DK009X060 Denmark Vidåen, Tøndermarsken og Saltvandssøen Map
DK00AY057 Denmark Vadehavet Map
DK00CX028 Denmark Nissum Bredning Map
DK00CX038 Denmark Nissum Fjord Map
DK00CX043 Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord Map
DK00CY040 Denmark Venø, Venø Sund Map
DK00DX030 Denmark Kysing Fjord Map
DK00DX031 Denmark Stavns Fjord Map
DK00DY033 Denmark Salten Langsø Map
DK00DY035 Denmark Mossø Map
DK00DY036 Denmark Horsens Fjord og Endelave Map
DK00EY012 Denmark Løgstør Bredning, Livø, Feggesund og Skarrehage Map
DK00EY014 Denmark Lovns Bredning Map
DK00EY029 Denmark Flyndersø og Skalle Sø Map
DK00FX001 Denmark Ulvedybet og Nibe Bredning Map
DK00FY015 Denmark Randers og Mariager Fjorde og Ålborg Bugt, sydlige del Map
EE0010170 Estonia Paljassaare Map
EE0010171 Estonia Kolga lahe Map
EE0010173 Estonia Lahemaa Map
EE0040001 Estonia Väinamere Map
EE0040201 Estonia Nõva-Osmussaare Map
EE0040305 Estonia Kabli Map
EE0040346 Estonia Pärnu lahe Map
EE0040351 Estonia Luitemaa Map
EE0040412 Estonia Kahtla-Kübassaare Map
EE0040432 Estonia Küdema lahe Map
EE0040434 Estonia Kura kurgu Map
EE0040444 Estonia Mullutu-Loode Map
EE0040496 Estonia Vilsandi Map
EE0080172 Estonia Endla Map
EE0080571 Estonia Võrtsjärve Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
FR2110001 France Lacs de la forêt d'Orient Map
FR2110002 France Lac du Der Map
FR2110091 France Étang de la Horre Map
FR2112001 France Herbages et cultures des vallées de la Voire, de l'Héronne et de la Laines Map
FR2112002 France Herbages et cultures autour du lac du Der Map
FR2112003 France Étangs de Belval et d'Etoges Map
FR2112004 France Confluence des vallées de la Meuse et de la Chiers Map
FR2112009 France Étangs d'Argonne Map
FR2310044 France Estuaire et marais de la Basse Seine Map
FR2612002 France Vallée de la Loire de Iguerande à Decize Map
FR4110007 France Lac de Madine et étangs de Pannes Map
FR4110060 France Etang de Lachaussée et zones voisines Map
FR4112001 France Forêts et zones humides du pays de Spincourt Map
FR4112002 France Etangs du Lindre, forêt de Romersberg et zones voisines Map
FR4112004 France Forêt humide de la Reine et Caténa de Rangeval Map
FR4211810 France Vallée du Rhin de Strasbourg à Marckolsheim Map
FR4211811 France Vallée du Rhin de Lauterbourg à Strasbourg Map
FR4211812 France Vallée du Rhin d'Artzenheim à Village-Neuf Map
FR4213813 France Ried de Colmar à Sélestat, Haut-Rhin Map
FR4310027 France Vallons de la Drésine et de la Bonavette Map
FR4310112 France Bassin du Drugeon Map
FR5210008 France Lac de Grand Lieu Map
FR5310056 France Baie d'Audierne Map
FR5412012 France Bonne Anse, marais de Bréjat et de Saint Augustin Map
FR8210018 France Delta de la Dranse Map
FR8210058 France Îles du haut Rhône Map
FR8212001 France Etournel et défilé de l'Ecluse Map
FR8310079 France Val d'Allier Bourbonnais Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
IE0000077 Ireland Ballymacoda (Clonpriest and Pillmore) SAC Map
IE0000199 Ireland Baldoyle Bay SAC Map
IE0000205 Ireland Malahide Estuary SAC Map
IE0000208 Ireland Rogerstown Estuary SAC Map
IE0000268 Ireland Galway Bay Complex SAC Map
IE0000332 Ireland Akeragh, Banna and Barrow Harbour SAC Map
IE0000343 Ireland Castlemaine Harbour SAC Map
IE0000455 Ireland Dundalk Bay SAC Map
IE0000458 Ireland Killala Bay/Moy Estuary SAC Map
IE0000470 Ireland Mullet/Blacksod Bay Complex SAC Map
IE0000472 Ireland Broadhaven Bay SAC Map
IE0000622 Ireland Ballysadare Bay SAC Map
IE0000627 Ireland Cummeen Strand/Drumcliff Bay (Sligo Bay) SAC Map
IE0000696 Ireland Ballyteige Burrow SAC Map
IE0000704 Ireland Lady's Island Lake SAC Map
IE0000710 Ireland Raven Point Nature Reserve SAC Map
IE0001058 Ireland Great Island Channel SAC Map
IE0001090 Ireland Ballyness Bay SAC Map
IE0001482 Ireland Clew Bay Complex SAC Map
IE0001957 Ireland Boyne Coast and Estuary SAC Map
IE0002012 Ireland North Inishowen Coast SAC Map
IE0002122 Ireland Wicklow Mountains SAC Map
IE0002159 Ireland Mulroy Bay SAC Map
IE0002287 Ireland Lough Swilly SAC Map
IT2040022 Italy Lago di Mezzola e Pian di Spagna Map
IT2070020 Italy Torbiere d'Iseo Map
IT2080301 Italy Boschi del Ticino Map
IT20B0009 Italy Valli del Mincio Map
IT20B0010 Italy Vallazza Map
IT3110034 Italy Biotopo Lago di Caldaro Map
IT3120042 Italy Canneti di San Cristoforo Map
IT3120053 Italy Foci dell'Avisio Map
IT3120055 Italy Lago di Toblino Map
IT3210018 Italy Basso Garda Map
IT3230047 Italy Lago di Santa Croce Map
IT4020021 Italy Medio Taro Map
IT4060005 Italy Sacca di Goro, Po di Goro, Valle Dindona, Foce del Po di Volano Map
IT4070004 Italy Pialasse Baiona, Risega e Pontazzo Map
LTSLUB001 Lithuania Nemuno delta Map
LU0001002 Luxembourg Vallée de l'Our de Ouren a Wallendorf Pont Map
LU0001006 Luxembourg Vallées de la Sûre, de la Wiltz, de la Clerve et du Lellgerbaach Map
LU0001007 Luxembourg Vallée supérieure de la Sûre / Lac du barrage Map
LU0002003 Luxembourg Vallée supérieure de l'Our et affluents de Lieler à Dasbourg Map
LU0002004 Luxembourg Vallée supérieure de la Sûre et affluents de la frontière belge à Esch-sur-Sûre Map
LV0507800 Latvia Liepajas ezers Map
LV0523400 Latvia Ances purvi un mezi Map
LV0534300 Latvia Lubasts Map
NL3009002 Netherlands Biesbosch Map
NL3009004 Netherlands De Wieden Map
NL3009013 Netherlands Ketelmeer & Vossemeer Map
NL9801001 Netherlands Waddenzee Map
NL9802033 Netherlands Veluwerandmeren Map
NL9803028 Netherlands IJsselmeer Map
NL9803029 Netherlands Markermeer & IJmeer Map
PLB020001 Poland Dolina Baryczy Map
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PLB040002 Poland Bagienna Dolina Drwęcy Map
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PLB140004 Poland Dolina Środkowej Wisły Map
PLB140006 Poland Małopolski Przełom Wisły Map
PLB200002 Poland Puszcza Augustowska Map
PLB220001 Poland Wielki Sandr Brdy Map
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PLB220005 Poland Zatoka Pucka Map
PLB260001 Poland Dolina Nidy Map
PLB280002 Poland Dolina Pasłęki Map
PLB280007 Poland Puszcza Napiwodzko-Ramucka Map
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PLB320002 Poland Delta Świny Map
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PLC140001 Poland Puszcza Kampinoska Map
SE0210278 Sweden Tämnaren öst Map
SE0230067 Sweden Tåkern Map
SE0230268 Sweden Vättern (östra) Map
SE0230388 Sweden Västra Roxen Map
SE0410046 Sweden Bräkne-Hoby skärgård Map
SE0410047 Sweden Björkeskärven Map
SE0410049 Sweden Björnön-Varö Map
SE0410050 Sweden Gräsör m fl öar Map
SE0410051 Sweden Abramsäng Map
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SE0410053 Sweden Kristianopels skärgård Map
SE0430124 Sweden Krankesjön Map
SE0610010 Sweden Nötön-Åråsviken Map
SE0610203 Sweden Ölmeviken Map
SE0810475 Sweden Umeälvens delta och slätter Map
SE0820035 Sweden Rödkallen-SörÄspen Map
SE0820295 Sweden Laidauredeltat Map
SI5000010 Slovenia Mura Map
SI5000011 Slovenia Drava Map
UK9002261 United Kingdom Loch of Skene Map
UK9008051 United Kingdom Rutland Water Map
IT3110051 Italy Biotopo Ahrau di Stegona Map
IT2040042 Italy Pian di Spagna e Lago di Mezzola Map
FR2112010 France Barrois et forêt de Clairvaux Map
PLB300015 Poland Puszcza Notecka Map
PLB180005 Poland Puszcza Sandomierska Map
FR8312007 France Sologne bourbonnaise Map
PLH280003 Poland Jezioro Karaś Map
BG0000270 Bulgaria Atanasovsko ezero Map
SKUEV0311 Slovakia Kacenky Map
PLH320022 Poland Dolina Radwi, Chocieli i Chotli Map
SKUEV0313 Slovakia Devinske jazero Map
FR4112009 France Forêts et étangs d'Argonne et vallée de l'Ornain Map
PLB320011 Poland Zalew Kamieński i Dziwna Map
SKUEV0312 Slovakia Devinske aluvium Moravy Map
IT20B0501 Italy Viadana, Portiolo, San Benedetto Po e Ostiglia Map
SKUEV0165 Slovakia Kutsky les Map
BG0000241 Bulgaria Srebarna Map
PLB320019 Poland Ostoja Drawska Map
BG0002091 Bulgaria Ostrov Lakat Map
PLH220032 Poland Zatoka Pucka i Półwysep Helski Map
BG0002046 Bulgaria Yatata Map
FR2612008 France Étang de Galetas Map
PLH320040 Poland Jezioro Bobięcińskie Map
BG0002114 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Chelopechene Map
PLH220036 Poland Dolina Łupawy Map
PLC080001 Poland Ujście Warty Map
PLB080005 Poland Jeziora Pszczewskie i Dolina Obry Map
PLH320044 Poland Lasy Bierzwnickie Map
SKUEV0397 Slovakia Vah pri Zamarovciach Map
BG0002041 Bulgaria Kompleks Ropotamo Map
IT20B0401 Italy Parco Regionale Oglio Sud Map
BG0002028 Bulgaria Kompleks Straldzha Map
BG0002069 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Zvanichevo Map
FR1112012 France Boucles de Moisson, de Guernes et de Rosny Map
PLH140016 Poland Dolina Dolnej Pilicy Map
PLH220023 Poland Ostoja Słowińska Map
SKUEV0125 Slovakia Gajarske aluvium Moravy Map
FR2512004 France Forêts et étangs du Perche Map
FR3112001 France Forêt, bocage, étangs de Thiérache Map
BG0002008 Bulgaria Ostrov do Gorni Tsibar Map
PLH320037 Poland Dolna Odra Map
BG0002023 Bulgaria Yazovir Ovcharitsa Map
BG0002017 Bulgaria Kompleks Belenski ostrovi Map
FR8212020 France Lac Léman Map
FR8312013 France Val d'allier Saint Yorre-Joze Map
SKUEV0168 Slovakia Horny les Map
IT9110001 Italy Isola e Lago di Varano Map
EE0010129 Estonia Pakri Map
FR4312013 France Petite montagne du Jura Map
PLH080002 Poland Rynna Jezior Obrzańskich Map
IT4030023 Italy Fontanili di Gattatico e Fiume Enza Map
PLB280012 Poland Jezioro Dobskie Map
BG0002030 Bulgaria Kompleks Kalimok Map
BG0002029 Bulgaria Kotlenska planina Map
PLH220038 Poland Dolina Wieprzy i Studnicy Map
PLH220025 Poland Przywidz Map
BG0002018 Bulgaria Ostrov Vardim Map
FR4312012 France Vallées et côtes de la Bienne, du Tacon et du Flumen Map
FR2112013 France Plateau ardennais Map
PLH320019 Poland Wolin i Uznam Map
PLB020008 Poland Łęgi Odrzańskie Map
PLH060045 Poland Przełom Wisły w Małopolsce Map
BG0002024 Bulgaria Ribarnitsi Mechka Map
FR4112000 France Plaine et étang du Bischwald Map
PLH320017 Poland Trzebiatowsko-Kołobrzeski Pas Nadmorski Map
IT2010501 Italy Lago di Varese Map
SKUEV0314 Slovakia Morava Map
PLB140014 Poland Dolina Dolnej Narwi Map
BG0000273 Bulgaria Burgasko ezero Map
PLB040005 Poland Żwirownia Skoki Map
PLH220034 Poland Jeziora Wdzydzkie Map
FR8212004 France Ensemble lac du Bourget-Chautagne-Rhône Map
IT20B0017 Italy Ansa e Valli del Mincio Map
LTPALB001 Lithuania Baltijos jūros priekrantė Map
SKUEV0064 Slovakia Bratislavske luhy Map
PLH320018 Poland Ujście Odry i Zalew Szczeciński Map
PLH240010 Poland Stawy Łężczok Map
PLH220033 Poland Dolna Wisła Map
BG0002010 Bulgaria Yazovir Pyasachnik Map
FR4312009 France Vallées de la Loue et du Lison Map
FR8312009 France Gorges de la Loire Map
PLB300012 Poland Puszcza nad Gwdą Map
BG0002027 Bulgaria Yazovir Malko Sharkovo Map
PLB080002 Poland Dolina Dolnej Noteci Map
BG0002095 Bulgaria Gorni Dabnik - Telish Map
IT2010502 Italy Canneti del Lago Maggiore Map
FR4312010 France Moyenne vallée du Doubs Map
BG0002052 Bulgaria Yazovir Zhrebchevo Map
PLB280015 Poland Ostoja Warmińska Map
FR8212024 France Plaine du Forez Map
BG0000152 Bulgaria Pomoriysko ezero Map
ROSPA0016 Romania Câmpia Nirului - Valea Ierului Map
ROSPA0076 Romania Marea Neagră Map
ROSPA0022 Romania Comana Map
ROSPA0018 Romania Cheile Bicazului - Hășmaș Map
ROSPA0015 Romania Câmpia Crișului Alb și Crișului Negru Map
ROSPA0026 Romania Cursul Dunării - Baziaș - Porțile de Fier Map
ROSPA0011 Romania Blahnița Map
ROSPA0024 Romania Confluența Olt - Dunăre Map
ROSPA0058 Romania Lacul Stânca Costești Map
ROSPA0072 Romania Lunca Siretului Mijlociu Map
ROSPA0046 Romania Gruia - Gârla Mare Map
ROSPA0106 Romania Valea Oltului Inferior Map
ROSPA0062 Romania Lacurile de acumulare de pe Argeș Map
ROSPA0068 Romania Lunca inferioară a Turului Map
ROSPA0063 Romania Lacurile de acumulare Buhuși - Bacău - Berești Map
ROSPA0037 Romania Dumbrăvița - Rotbav - Măgura Codlei Map
ROSPA0031 Romania Delta Dunării și Complexul Razim - Sinoie Map
ROSPA0055 Romania Lacul Gălățui Map
ROSPA0003 Romania Avrig - Scorei - Făgăraș Map
ROSPA0061 Romania Lacul Techirghiol Map
BG0002051 Bulgaria Kaliakra Map
BG0002050 Bulgaria Durankulashko ezero Map
BG0002043 Bulgaria Emine Map
BG0000156 Bulgaria Shablenski ezeren kompleks Map
BG0000191 Bulgaria Varnensko-Beloslavsko ezero Map
BG0000271 Bulgaria Mandra - Poda Map
PLH320067 Poland Pojezierze Ińskie Map
PLH260032 Poland Ostoja Sobkowsko-Korytnicka Map
PLH280034 Poland Jezioro Woszczelskie Map
PLH180020 Poland Dolina Dolnego Sanu Map
PLH220095 Poland Uroczyska Pojezierza Kaszubskiego Map
PLB160003 Poland Zbiornik Otmuchowski Map
PLH260016 Poland Dolina Czarnej Nidy Map
PLH200023 Poland Dolina Pisy Map
PLB220009 Poland Bory Tucholskie Map
PLH060097 Poland Dolina Dolnej Tanwi Map
PLH280048 Poland Ostoja Piska Map
PLH180045 Poland Sanisko w Bykowcach Map
PLH280052 Poland Ostoja Napiwodzko-Ramucka Map
PLH260041 Poland Wzgórza Chęcińsko-Kieleckie Map
PLH040039 Poland Włocławska Dolina Wisły Map
PLH260034 Poland Ostoja Szaniecko-Solecka Map
LTKLAB010 Lithuania Kuršių marios Map
AT2119000 Austria Gut Walterskirchen Map
AT2111000 Austria Völkermarkter Stausee Map
AT2213000 Austria Steirische Grenzmur mit Gamlitzbach und Gnasbach Map
AT3301000 Austria Hohe Tauern, Tirol Map
AT2114000 Austria Obere Drau Map
AT3113000 Austria Untere Traun Map
AT1218V00 Austria Machland Süd Map
AT2236000 Austria Ober- und Mittellauf der Mur mit Puxer Auwald, Puxer Wand und Gulsen Map
AT3304000 Austria Karwendel Map
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AT2133000 Austria Guntschacher Au Map
AT2226000 Austria Furtner Teich - Dürnberger-Moor Map
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AT3209022 Austria Salzachauen, Salzburg Map
AT1205000 Austria Wachau - Jauerling Map
AT2126000 Austria Tiebelmündung Map
AT3309000 Austria Tiroler Lech Map
AT2103000 Austria Hörfeld Moor - Kärntner Anteil Map
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AT1202V00 Austria March-Thaya-Auen Map
AT3114000 Austria Traun-Donau-Auen Map
AT2104000 Austria Sablatnig Moor Map
AT3105000 Austria Unterer Inn Map
AT2229002 Austria Ennstal zwischen Liezen und Niederstuttern Map
AT3402000 Austria Rheindelta Map
AT2226002 Austria Furtner Teich Map
AT2113000 Austria Flachwasserbiotop Neudenstein Map
ROSPA0123 Romania Lacurile de acumulare de pe Crișul Repede Map
LV0900200 Latvia Akmensrags Map
LV0900400 Latvia Rigas lica rietumu piekraste Map
LV0900300 Latvia Irbes saurums Map
LV0900500 Latvia Selga uz rietumiem no Tujas Map
PLH220052 Poland Dolina Słupi Map
LU0002013 Luxembourg Région du Kiischpelt Map
SE0420360 Sweden Nordvästra Skånes havsområde Map

Protected sites

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Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Birds not included in Appendix II)
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Migratory species of Anatidae)
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Gänsesäger German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Goosander English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Grote Zaagbek Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Harle bièvre French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Isokoskelo Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Liela gaura Latvian Latvian NRC
Merganso-grande Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Nagy bukó Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Serreta Grande Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Smergo maggiore Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Storskrake Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:02230 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100