Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Reptilia > Order: Squamata > Family: Colubridae > Genus: Natrix > Species: Natrix natrix > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Natrix natrix cetti Gene, 1838 Welch K R G. (1983)
Natrix natrix corsa (Hecht, 1930) Welch K R G. (1983)
Natrix natrix cypriaca (Hecht, 1930) European Council (2004)

Grass snake - Natrix natrix (Linnaeus 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by 2 international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 4 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • rivers and lakes
  • wetlands
May also occur in
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • urban
  • woodland and forest


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BE32032C0 Belgium Forêts de Rance Map
ES4240020 Spain Montes de Picaza Map
BE32040C0 Belgium Haute vallée de l'Eau Noire Map
BE32007C0 Belgium Bois de la Houssière Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (Natrix megalocephala)
(All species of Reptiles not included in Annex II)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Couleuvre à collier French Gasc J.P. and al.
Culebra de collar Spanish Gasc J.P. and al.
Grass snake English Gasc J.P. and al.
Ringelnatter German Gasc J.P. and al.

Other resources

EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100