Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Artiodactyla > Family: Bovidae > Genus: Ovis > Species: Ovis aries

Ovis aries Linnaeus, 1758

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Not Applicable (IUCN)
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 4 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 25 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • heathland and shrub
Natura 2000 species code 5775


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ITB022212 Italy Supramonte di Oliena, Orgosolo e Urzulei - Su Sercone Map
ITB021107 Italy Monte Albo Map
FR9400576 France Massif montagneux du Cinto Map
ITB041111 Italy Monte Linas - Marganai Map
ITB011109 Italy Monte Limbara Map
FR9400583 France Forêt de l'Ospedale Map
ITB010001 Italy Isola Asinara Map
ITB013044 Italy Capo Caccia Map
ITB041106 Italy Monte dei Sette Fratelli e Sarrabus Map
ITB010009 Italy Capo Figari e Isola Figarolo Map
ITB043055 Italy Monte dei Sette Fratelli Map
FR9400582 France Plateau du Coscione et massif de l'Incudine Map
ITB020014 Italy Golfo di Orosei Map
FR9400603 France Rivière de la Solenzara Map
CY2000006 Cyprus DASOS PAFOU Map
ITB010082 Italy Isola dell'Asinara Map
FR9402004 France Chênaie verte et junipéraie de la Tartagine Map
FR9400577 France Rivière et vallée du Fango Map
ITB013018 Italy Capo Figari, Cala Sabina, Punta Canigione e Isola Figarolo Map
CY4000004 Cyprus VOUNI PANAGIAS Map
ITB020015 Italy Area del Monte Ferru di Tertenia Map
ITB021103 Italy Monti del Gennargentu Map
CY2000016 Cyprus DASOS PAFOU Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive) (Ovis gmelini musimon; Ovis ammon musimon; Ovis orientalis ophion; Ovis gmelini ophion) Natural populations — Corsica and Sardinia
(Ovis gmelini musimon; Ovis ammon musimon; Ovis orientalis ophion; Ovis gmelini ophion) Natural populations — Corsica and Sardinia
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (Ovis musimon; Ovis ammon)
(Ovis gmelini musimon; Ovis ammon musimon; Ovis orientalis ophion; Ovis gmelini ophion) Natural populations — Corsica and Sardinia

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (Ovis orientalis ophion)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) (Ovis orientalis ophion)

Common names and synonyms

The species has no common names
Synonym Author
Ovis ammon musimon (Pallas, 1811)
Ovis gmelin Blyth, 1841
Ovis musimon (Pallas, 1811)
Ovis laristanica Nasonov, 1909
Ovis anatolica Valenciennes, 1856
Ovis cyprius Blasius, 1842
Ovis orientalis Lydekker, 1913
Ovis ophion Blyth, 1841
Ovis gmelinii Blyth, 1841
Ovis jubata Peters, 1876
Ovis gmelini musimon Pallas, 1911
Ovis orientalis ophion Blyth, 1841
Ovis gmelini ophion

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100