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Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Amphibia > Order: Urodela > Family: Proteidae > Genus: Proteus > Species: Proteus anguinus

Olm - Proteus anguinus Laurenti, 1768

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 47 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
  • wetlands
May also occur in
  • rivers and lakes
Natura 2000 species code 1186


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
SI3000048 Slovenia Dobličica Map
SI3000052 Slovenia Kotarjeva prepadna Map
IT3341002 Italy Aree Carsiche della Venezia Giulia Map
SI3000170 Slovenia Krška jama Map
SI3000129 Slovenia Rinža Map
SI3000232 Slovenia Notranjski trikotnik Map
SI3000174 Slovenia Mrzla jama pri Prestranku Map
SI3000188 Slovenia Ajdovska planota Map
SI3000187 Slovenia Petanjska jama Map
SI3000203 Slovenia Kompoljska jama - Potiskavec Map
SI3000171 Slovenia Radensko polje - Viršnica Map
SI3000130 Slovenia Kozja luknja Map
SI3000204 Slovenia Globočec Map
SI3000207 Slovenia Podpeška jama Map
SI3000055 Slovenia Stobe - Breg Map
SI3000255 Slovenia Trnovski gozd - Nanos Map
SI3000263 Slovenia Kočevsko Map
SI3000231 Slovenia Javorniki - Snežnik Map
SI3000202 Slovenia Vir pri Stični Map
IT3340006 Italy Carso Triestino e Goriziano Map
SI3000075 Slovenia Lahinja Map
SI3000271 Slovenia Ljubljansko barje Map
SI3000157 Slovenia Bobnova jama Map
SI3000276 Slovenia Kras Map
SI3000062 Slovenia Gradac Map
SI3000009 Slovenia Lučka jama Map
HR2000633 Croatia Crnačko polje Map
HR2001133 Croatia Ponor Bregi Map
HR2000592 Croatia Ogulinsko-plaščansko područje Map
HR2001352 Croatia Mosor Map
HR2001128 Croatia Antić špilja Map
HR5000031 Croatia Delta Neretve Map
HR2001449 Croatia Izvor Dropulića vrilo Map
HR2001239 Croatia Rudnik ugljena, Raša Map
HR2001126 Croatia Rokina bezdana Map
HR2001321 Croatia Jasena ponor Map
HR2000648 Croatia Drežničko polje Map
HR2000634 Croatia Stajničko polje Map
HR2001238 Croatia Bušotina za vodu, Rakonik Map
HR2000918 Croatia Šire područje NP Krka Map
HR2001127 Croatia Markarova špilja Map
HR2001242 Croatia Izvor Vir Map
HR2001241 Croatia Jama Golubinka Map
HR2001046 Croatia Matica-Vrgoračko polje Map
HR2000100 Croatia Pincinova jama Map
SI3000338 Slovenia Krka s pritoki Map
HR2001507 Croatia Izvor Krčevac Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Cloveska ribica Slovenian Gasc J.P. and al.
Covjecja ribica Croatian Gasc J.P. and al.
Grottenolm German Gasc J.P. and al.
Hulepadde Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Olm Dutch EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Olm English EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Olm German Gasc J.P. and al.
Protée anguillard French Gasc J.P. and al.
Proteo Italian Gasc J.P. and al.
Proteo Spanish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Proteus English Gasc J.P. and al.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Proteus anguinus European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

4 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2013-12-16 Slovenia SI_Article_17_Report_2013_2nd_submission SI_species_reports-131216-13555.xml
2013-12-04 Italy 3rd Italian national report 2013 IT_species_reports.xml
2008-03-21 Slovenia Article 17 Report Proteus anguinus
2008-03-05 Italy Italy Proteus anguinus
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100