Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Elasmobranchii > Order: Rajiformes > Family: Rajidae > Genus: Raja > Species: Raja miraletus

Brown ray - Raja miraletus Linnaeus, 1758

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bachada escrita Spanish Fishbase
Brown ray English Fishbase
Clavellada Spanish Fishbase
Excrita Spanish Fishbase
Grisol Spanish Fishbase
Homelyn cuckoo ray English Fishbase
Homelyn mirror ray English Fishbase
Homelyn sandy ray English Fishbase
Ikara French Fishbase
Peilirausku Finnish Fishbase
Pélouza French Fishbase
Racho de escrita Spanish Fishbase
Raia-azul Portuguese Fishbase
Raia-de-espelhos Portuguese Fishbase
Raia-de-quatro-olhos Portuguese Fishbase
Raie florifère French Fishbase
Raie miraillée French Fishbase
Raie miroir French Fishbase
Raie-miróir French Fishbase
Raja lixxa Maltese Fishbase
Raja motyl Polish Fishbase
Raja petruza Maltese Fishbase
Rajada de San Pere Spanish Fishbase
Rajada limpia Spanish Fishbase
Ratjada Spanish Fishbase
Raxhë Albanian Fishbase
Raya de espejos Spanish Fishbase
Raya espejuelo Spanish Fishbase
Raya limpia Spanish Fishbase
Raya vera Spanish Fishbase
Razza quattrocchi Italian Fishbase
Retjada Spanish Fishbase
Spiegelrochen German Fishbase
Vulpe cu patru ochi Romanian Fishbase
Zerra French Fishbase
zweifleckiger Rochen German Fishbase
Synonym Author
Raia ocellifera Regan, 1906
Raja quadrimaculata Risso, 1827
Raia quadrimaculata Risso, 1827
Raya biocularis Geoffroy St. Hilaire, 1817

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100