Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Laridae > Genus: Rissa > Species: Rissa tridactyla

Kittiwake - Rissa tridactyla Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
EU Population status
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 4 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 139 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • coastal
  • open ocean
  • shelf
Natura 2000 species code A188


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE2210401 Germany Niedersächsisches Wattenmeer und angrenzendes Küstenmeer Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000140 Spain Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000176 Spain Costa da Morte (Norte) Map
ES0000197 Spain Acantilados del Monte Hacho Map
ES0000318 Spain Cabo Busto-Luanco Map
ES1110005 Spain Costa da Morte Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatxe Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
FR2310045 France Littoral seino-marin Map
FR2510047 France Baie de Seine occidentale Map
FR2510099 France Falaise du Bessin Occidental Map
FR2512001 France Littoral augeron Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR5310011 France Côte de Granit Rose-Sept Iles Map
FR5310055 France Cap Sizun Map
FR5310072 France Ouessant-Molène Map
FR5310074 France Baie de Vilaine Map
FR5310095 France Cap d'Erquy-Cap Fréhel Map
FR5412012 France Bonne Anse, marais de Bréjat et de Saint Augustin Map
FR7210063 France Domaine d'Orx Map
FR9310019 France Camargue Map
IE0000109 Ireland Three Castle Head to Mizen Head SAC Map
IE0000111 Ireland Aran Island (Donegal) Cliffs SAC Map
IE0000147 Ireland Horn Head and Rinclevan SAC Map
IE0000154 Ireland Inishtrahull SAC Map
IE0000189 Ireland Slieve League SAC Map
IE0000190 Ireland Slieve Tooey/Tormore Island/Loughros Beg Bay SAC Map
IE0000202 Ireland Howth Head SAC Map
IE0000204 Ireland Lambay Island SAC Map
IE0000213 Ireland Inishmore Island SAC Map
IE0000500 Ireland Glenamoy Bog Complex SAC Map
IE0000665 Ireland Helvick Head SAC Map
IE0000707 Ireland Saltee Islands SAC Map
IE0000714 Ireland Bray Head SAC Map
IE0002012 Ireland North Inishowen Coast SAC Map
IE0002123 Ireland Ardmore Head SAC Map
IE0002165 Ireland Lower River Shannon SAC Map
IE0002172 Ireland Blasket Islands SAC Map
IE0002193 Ireland Ireland's Eye SAC Map
IE0002243 Ireland Clare Island Cliffs SAC Map
IE0002259 Ireland Tory Island Coast SAC Map
IE0004002 Ireland Saltee Islands SPA Map
IE0004003 Ireland Puffin Island SPA Map
IE0004005 Ireland Cliffs of Moher SPA Map
IE0004007 Ireland Skelligs SPA Map
IE0004008 Ireland Blasket Islands SPA Map
IE0004014 Ireland Rockabill SPA Map
IE0004021 Ireland Old Head of Kinsale SPA Map
IE0004066 Ireland The Bull and The Cow Rocks SPA Map
IE0004069 Ireland Lambay Island SPA Map
IE0004072 Ireland Stags of Broad Haven SPA Map
IE0004073 Ireland Tory Island SPA Map
IE0004100 Ireland Inishtrahull SPA Map
IE0004113 Ireland Howth Head Coast SPA Map
IE0004117 Ireland Ireland's Eye SPA Map
IE0004119 Ireland Loop Head SPA Map
IE0004127 Ireland Wicklow Head SPA Map
PTZPE0009 Portugal Ilhas Berlengas Map
SE0510126 Sweden Lilla Middelgrund Map
UK9001011 United Kingdom North Rona and Sula Sgeir Map
UK9001021 United Kingdom Flannan Isles Map
UK9001031 United Kingdom St Kilda Map
UK9001041 United Kingdom Shiant Isles Map
UK9001121 United Kingdom Mingulay and Berneray Map
UK9001181 United Kingdom North Caithness Cliffs Map
UK9001182 United Kingdom East Caithness Cliffs Map
UK9001231 United Kingdom Cape Wrath Map
UK9001241 United Kingdom Handa Map
UK9001341 United Kingdom Rum Map
UK9001431 United Kingdom Canna and Sanday Map
UK9002011 United Kingdom Hermaness, Saxa Vord and Valla Field Map
UK9002061 United Kingdom Foula Map
UK9002081 United Kingdom Noss Map
UK9002091 United Kingdom Fair Isle Map
UK9002101 United Kingdom West Westray Map
UK9002121 United Kingdom Marwick Head Map
UK9002141 United Kingdom Hoy Map
UK9002151 United Kingdom Copinsay Map
UK9002271 United Kingdom Fowlsheugh Map
UK9002431 United Kingdom Calf of Eday Map
UK9002471 United Kingdom Troup, Pennan and Lion's Heads Map
UK9002491 United Kingdom Buchan Ness to Collieston Coast Map
UK9002511 United Kingdom Sumburgh Head Map
UK9003091 United Kingdom Ailsa Craig Map
UK9003171 United Kingdom North Colonsay and Western Cliffs Map
UK9004171 United Kingdom Forth Islands Map
UK9004271 United Kingdom St Abb's Head to Fast Castle Map
UK9006101 United Kingdom Flamborough Head and Bempton Cliffs Map
UK9020011 United Kingdom Rathlin Island Map
DE1813491 Germany Seevogelschutzgebiet Helgoland Map
DE1209301 Germany Sylter Außenriff Map
ES6310002 Spain Zona marítimo-terrestre del Monte Hacho Map
BG0002041 Bulgaria Kompleks Ropotamo Map
DE2104301 Germany Borkum-Riffgrund Map
PTCON0006 Portugal Arquipélago da Berlenga Map
DE1011401 Germany SPA Östliche Deutsche Bucht Map
DE0916491 Germany Ramsar-Gebiet S-H Wattenmeer und angrenzende Küstengebiete Map
DE5914450 Germany Inselrhein Map
FR5312004 France Camaret Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
FR7212013 France Estuaire de la Bidassoa et baie de Fontarabie Map
PTCON0008 Portugal Sintra / Cascais Map
DE1714391 Germany Steingrund Map
DE1003301 Germany Doggerbank Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
FR5212014 France Estuaire de la Loire - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR7212016 France Panache de la Gironde Map
FR9112034 France Cap Bear- cap Cerbère Map
FR7212019 France Tête de Canyon du Cap Ferret Map
FR5212015 France Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
FR5412026 France Pertuis charentais - Rochebonne Map
ES90ATL01 Spain El Cachucho Map
UKGIB0002 United Kingdom Southern Waters of Gibraltar Map
IE0004194 Ireland Horn Head to Fanad Head SPA Map
IE0004136 Ireland Clare Island SPA Map
IE0004133 Ireland Aughris Head SPA Map
IE0004177 Ireland Bills Rocks SPA Map
IE0004144 Ireland High Island, Inishshark and Davillaun SPA Map
IE0004192 Ireland Helvick Head to Ballyquin SPA Map
IE0004152 Ireland Inishmore SPA Map
IE0004154 Ireland Iveragh Peninsula SPA Map
IE0004150 Ireland West Donegal Coast SPA Map
FR7212018 France Bassin d'Arcachon et banc d'Arguin Map
FR3112006 France Bancs des Flandres Map
ES1200055 Spain Cabo Busto-Luanco Map
IT3340007 Italy Area marina di Miramare Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000490 Spain Espacio marino de la Ría de Mundaka-Cabo de Ogoño Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map
ES0000496 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa de Ferrolterra-Valdoviño Map
ES0000500 Spain Golfo de Cádiz Map
ES0000514 Spain Espacio marino de l'Empordà Map
PTZPE0060 Portugal Aveiro/ Nazaré Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Birds not included in Appendix II)
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds. Convention on Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (AEWA) http://www.migratoryspecies....ent/about-cms-family
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic ("OSPAR Convention") (OSPAR Convention)
Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area (Helsinki Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Csüllõ Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Dreizehenmöwe German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Drieteenmeeuw Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gabbiano tridattilo Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gaivota-tridáctila Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gaviota Tridáctila Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kittiwake English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mewa trójpalczasta Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mouette tridactyle French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pikkukajava Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Tretåig mås Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:06020 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
GBIF search Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100