Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Rodentia > Family: Sciuridae > Genus: Sciurus > Species: Sciurus vulgaris

Red squirrel - Sciurus vulgaris Linnaeus, 1758

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by 1 international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • urban
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • heathland and shrub
  • wetlands
Natura 2000 species code 2607


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Ardilla roja Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Écureuil roux French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Eekhoorn Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Egern Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Eichhörnchen German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ekorn Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ekorre Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Esquilo-vermelho Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Europska vjeverica Croatian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Kaweechelchen Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Ketri Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Közönséges mókus Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Navadna veverica Slovenian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Orav Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Orava Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Paprastoji vovere Lithuanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Rauðíkorni Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Red squirrel English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Scoiattolo comune Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Tava-orav Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Veverica stromová Slovak Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Veverka obecná Czech Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wiewiórka pospolita Polish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Synonym Author
Sciurus europaeus Gray, 1843
Sciurus exalbidus Pallas, 1779
Sciurus varius Gmelin, 1789
Sciurus martensi Matschie, 1901
Sciurus fusconigricans Dwigubski, 1804
Sciurus fuscorubens Dwigubski, 1804
Sciurus alpinus Desmarest, 1822
Sciurus italicus Bonaparte, 1838
Sciurus meridionalis Lucifero, 1907
Sciurus infuscatus Cabrera, 1905
Sciurus baeticus Cabrera, 1905
Sciurus fusco-nigricans Dwigubski, 1804
Sciurus fusco-rubens Dwigubski, 1804

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100