Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Elasmobranchii > Order: Squaliformes > Family: Dalatiidae > Genus: Somniosus > Species: Somniosus microcephalus

Greenland shark - Somniosus microcephalus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Near Threatened (IUCN)

The EUNIS species component has very limited information about this species.

The main focus of the EUNIS species component is to provide relevant information about the European species protected by Directives, Conventions and Agreements. The species assessed in the European Red Lists prepared by the IUCN for the European Commission are also included.

See here what is Europe from a geographical point of view.

Other resources available below may have more information.


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Not listed in legal texts

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Eishai German Fishbase
Greenland shark English Fishbase
Groenlandse haai Dutch Fishbase
Groenlandse haai Turkish Fishbase
Grönlandhai German Fishbase
Grønlandshaj Danish Fishbase
Håkäring Swedish Fishbase
Hákarl Icelandic Fishbase
Håkjerring Norwegian Fishbase
Havkal Danish Fishbase
Holkeri Finnish Fishbase
Laimargue du Groenland French Fishbase
Oakettle English Fishbase
Rechin de Groelanda Romanian Fishbase
Rekin polarny Polish Fishbase
Squalo di Groenlandia lemargo Italian Fishbase
Tiburón boreal Spanish Fishbase
Tollo boreal Spanish Fishbase
Tollo de Groenlandia Spanish Fishbase
Tubarao da Gronelândia Portuguese Fishbase
Tubarao de Gronelândia Portuguese Fishbase
Tubarão-da-noite Portuguese Fishbase
Synonym Author
Squalus microcephalus Bloch & Schneider, 1801
Scymnus gunneri Thienemann, 1828
Scymnus glacialis Faber, 1829
Scymnus micropterus Valenciennes, 1832
Leiodon echinatum Wood, 1846
Squalus carcharis Gunnerus, 1766
Squalus squatina (non Linnaeus, 1758)
Squalus norvegianus Blainville, 1825
Somniosus brevipinna Lesueur, 1818
Squalus borealis Scoresby, 1820

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100