Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Salmoniformes > Family: Salmonidae > Genus: Thymallus > Species: Thymallus thymallus

European grayling - Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Bad
Atlantic - Unfavourable-Bad
Boreal - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Pannonian - Unfavourable-Bad
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 1 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • coastal
  • marine inlets and transitional waters
  • rivers and lakes
Natura 2000 species code 1109


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
PLH180001 Poland Ostoja Magurska Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
alata Latvian Latvian NRC
Asch German Fishbase
Äsche German Fishbase
European grayling English Fishbase
Freskori Albanian Fishbase
Grayling English Fishbase
Harjus Finnish Fishbase
Harr Norwegian Fishbase
Harr Swedish Fishbase
Kharius Russian Fishbase
Kharius obyknovennyi Russian Fishbase
Lipan Bulgarian Fishbase
Lipan Romanian Fishbase
Lipan pohorní Czech Fishbase
Lipien europejski Polish Fishbase
Ombre French Fishbase
Ombre commun French Fishbase
Ombre de rivière French Fishbase
Ombretta German Fishbase
Peixe-sombra Portuguese Fishbase
Pénzes pér Hungarian Fishbase
Stalling Danish Fishbase
Temolo Italian Fishbase
Vlagzalm Dutch Fishbase
Synonym Author
Salmo thymallus Linnaeus, 1758
Coregonus thymallus Lacepède, 1803
Thymallus vulgaris Nilsson, 1832
Salmo thymus Bonnaterre, 1788
Salmo striatus Reisinger, 1830
Thymallus vexillifer Perty, 1832
Thymallus decorus Koch, 1840
Thymallus gymnothorax Valenciennes, 1848
Thymallus gymnogaster Valenciennes, 1848
Thymallus aeliani Valenciennes, 1848
Thymallus umbrosa Gistel, 1850
Thymallus thymallus forma kamensis Lukash, 1929
Thymallus thymallus lacustris Balon, 1962
Thymallus vexillifer Fitzinger, 1832
Thymallus eliani Valenciennes, 1848
Thymallus thymallus kamensis Lukash, 1929
Salmo punctatus Gronow, 1854

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Thymallus thymallus European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100