Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Salmoniformes > Family: Salmonidae > Genus: Thymallus > Species: Thymallus thymallus

European grayling - Thymallus thymallus (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Bad
Atlantic - Bad
Boreal - Poor
Continental - Bad
Marine Baltic - Bad
Mediterranean - Poor
Pannonian - Bad
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 19 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • coastal
  • marine inlets and transitional waters
  • rivers and lakes
Natura 2000 species code 1109


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
alata Latvian Latvian NRC
Asch German Fishbase
Äsche German Fishbase
European grayling English Fishbase
Freskori Albanian Fishbase
Grayling English Fishbase
Harjus Finnish Fishbase
Harr Norwegian Fishbase
Harr Swedish Fishbase
Kharius Russian Fishbase
Kharius obyknovennyi Russian Fishbase
Lipan Bulgarian Fishbase
Lipan Romanian Fishbase
Lipan pohorní Czech Fishbase
Lipien europejski Polish Fishbase
Ombre French Fishbase
Ombre commun French Fishbase
Ombre de rivière French Fishbase
Ombretta German Fishbase
Peixe-sombra Portuguese Fishbase
Pénzes pér Hungarian Fishbase
Stalling Danish Fishbase
Temolo Italian Fishbase
Vlagzalm Dutch Fishbase
Synonym Author
Salmo thymallus Linnaeus, 1758
Coregonus thymallus Lacepède, 1803
Thymallus vulgaris Nilsson, 1832
Salmo thymus Bonnaterre, 1788
Salmo striatus Reisinger, 1830
Thymallus vexillifer Perty, 1832
Thymallus decorus Koch, 1840
Thymallus gymnothorax Valenciennes, 1848
Thymallus gymnogaster Valenciennes, 1848
Thymallus aeliani Valenciennes, 1848
Thymallus umbrosa Gistel, 1850
Thymallus thymallus forma kamensis Lukash, 1929
Thymallus thymallus lacustris Balon, 1962
Thymallus vexillifer Fitzinger, 1832
Thymallus eliani Valenciennes, 1848
Thymallus thymallus kamensis Lukash, 1929
Salmo punctatus Gronow, 1854

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
NOBANIS: Thymallus thymallus European Network on Invasive Alien Species
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

34 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2014-01-28 Denmark 2nd submission 2007-2012 DK_species_reports-131220-95922.xml
2014-01-08 Luxembourg Article 17 report 92/43/CEE 2007_2012 Luxembourg LU_species_reports-13823-134519.xml
2014-01-04 Romania RO Art.17 2007-2012 Report from 31 December 2013 RO_species_reports.xml
2013-12-30 Lithuania Third LT report on Art.17,2007-2012 LT_species_reports-131230-135438.xml
2013-12-30 Sweden Report on Implementation Measures (Art.17.1)_delivery 2013 SE_species_reports-131230-111623.xml
2013-12-20 Germany German national report 2013 DE_species_reports.xml
2013-12-17 Slovakia Art 17 report for the period 2007 - 2012 - second delivery SK_species_reports-131217-132945.xml
2013-12-16 Slovenia SI_Article_17_Report_2013_2nd_submission SI_species_reports-131216-13555.xml
2013-12-09 Poland Habitats Directive Art. 17 Report PL_species_reports.xml
2013-12-04 Italy 3rd Italian national report 2013 IT_species_reports.xml
2013-10-18 Latvia LATVIA_2007-2012 LV_species_reports-131018-113252.xml
2013-10-11 Austria Art 17 HD AT_species_reports-13916-161758.xml
2013-10-10 United Kingdom Habitats Directive Article 17 2013 2nd submission UK GB_species_reports-13925-15297.xml
2013-10-07 Finland Habitat directive reporting (FI) 2007-2012 FI_species_reports.xml
2013-09-18 France Rapport France 2013 FR_species_reports.xml
2013-09-17 Estonia Eesti2013 EE_species_reports-13917-14855.xml
2013-09-16 Belgium Second Release Art17 Belgium BE_species_reports-13916-154440.xml
2013-08-23 Czechia CZ_Rep_HDArt17_2013_2nd_submission:corrected CZ_species_reports.xml
2008-04-14 Estonia eesti Species questionnaire for Thymallus thymallus
2008-04-10 Germany German national report Thymallus thymallus
2008-03-21 Slovenia Article 17 Report Thymallus thymallus
2008-03-05 Italy Italy Thymallus thymallus
2008-03-03 Lithuania Buveiniu direktyvos igyvendinimo ataskaita Species questionnaire for Thymallus thymallus
2008-02-28 France rapport France Thymallus thymallus
2008-02-25 United Kingdom UK_submission Thymallus thymallus
2008-02-22 Austria Article 17 report Austria Species questionnaire for Thymallus thymallus
2008-02-22 Slovakia report under habitats directive Thymallus thymallus
2008-01-16 Belgium Natura 2000 habitat report Species questionnaire for Thymallus thymallus
2008-01-15 Luxembourg Article 17 report 92/43/CEE Luxembourg Species questionnaire for Thymallus thymallus
2008-01-11 Finland Suomi virallinen Species questionnaire for Thymallus thymallus
2007-10-02 Latvia LATVIA 2001-2006 Thymallus thymallus
2007-10-02 Sweden Report on Implementation Measures (Art.17.1)_delivery 2007 Species questionnaire for Thymallus thymallus
2007-10-01 Poland Report on Implementation Measures Species questionnaire for Thymallus thymallus
2007-10-01 Czechia Species and Habitats Species questionnaire for Thymallus thymallus
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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Phone: +45 3336 7100