Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Arthropoda > Class: Insecta > Order: Lepidoptera > Family: Papilionidae > Genus: Zerynthia > Species: Zerynthia polyxena

Southern Festoon - Zerynthia polyxena Schiffemüller, 1775

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Good
Black Sea - Unknown
Continental - Good
Mediterranean - Poor
Pannonian - Good
Steppic - Good
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 1 other international agreement
Most preferred habitats
  • grassland
  • heathland and shrub
May also occur in
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • urban
  • wetlands
  • woodland and forest
Natura 2000 species code 1053


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
la Diane French Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
Osterluzeifalter German Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
Southern Festoon English Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
Zuidelijke pijpbloemvlinder Dutch Van Swaay, C.A.M. & Warren, M.S.
Synonym Author
Zerynthia hypsiple Fabricius, 1777
Papilio hypermnestra Scopoli, 1763
Papilio hypsipyle Schulze, 1776
Papilio cassandra Geyer, 1828
Papilio creusa Meigen, 1829

Other resources

Fauna Europaea search Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS search Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100