Fennoscandian natural rivers

Description (English)

Boreal and hemiboreal natural and near-natural river systems or parts of such systems containing nutrient-poor water. The water level shows great amplitude, up to 6 m during the year. Especially during the spring, the water level is high. The water-dynamics can vary and contain waterfalls, rapid streams, calm water, and small lakes adjacent to the river. The water erosion causes a higher amount of nutrients towards the river-mouth, where the sedimentation starts. In higher levels the rivers are characterized of great, very cold water flows, coming from glaciers, deep snowbeds and large snow-covered areas in mire- and woodlands. In addition the water surface in placid river sections is frozen to ice every winter. Those circumstances create ecosystems unique to this part of Europe.

Source: Interpretation Manual of European Union Habitats, version EUR 28 (2013)

Quick facts

EU Habitats Directive Annex I habitat type (code 3210)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Favourable
Boreal - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Continental - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Habitat type Not priority
Natura 2000 sites 181 are designated for this habitat type


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Conservation status

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Favourable: A habitat is in a situation where it is prospering and with good prospects to do so in the future as well
Unfavourable-Inadequate: A habitat is in a situation where a change in management or policy is required to return the habitat to favourable status but there is no danger of disappearance in the foreseeable future
Unfavourable-Bad: A habitat is in serious danger of disappearing (at least regionally)
Unknown: The information available for the habitat type is scarce and does not allow a proper assessment of its conservation status

Species mentioned in habitat description

Flowering Plants Carex aquatilis
Flowering Plants Cinna latifolia
Fishes Cottus gobio
Mosses & Liverworts Hygrohypnum ochraceum
Fishes Lampetra fluviatilis
Fishes Leuciscus leuciscus
Invertebrates Margaritifera margaritifera
Ferns Matteuccia struthiopteris
Flowering Plants Myricaria germanica
Fishes Petromyzon marinus
Flowering Plants Salix daphnoides
Fishes Salmo salar
Fishes Salmo trutta lacustris
Fishes Salmo trutta trutta
Flowering Plants Sparganium glomeratum
Flowering Plants Taraxacum crocodes
Fishes Thymallus thymallus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Carex aquatilis Flowering Plants
Cinna latifolia Flowering Plants
Cottus gobio Freshwater sculpin Fishes
Hygrohypnum ochraceum Mosses & Liverworts
Lampetra fluviatilis Lampern Fishes
Leuciscus leuciscus Common dace Fishes
Margaritifera margaritifera Freshwater Pearl Mussel Invertebrates
Matteuccia struthiopteris Ferns
Myricaria germanica Flowering Plants
Petromyzon marinus Great sea lamprey Fishes
Salix daphnoides Flowering Plants
Salmo salar Black salmon Fishes
Salmo trutta lacustris Lake trout Fishes
Salmo trutta trutta Blacktail Fishes
Sparganium glomeratum Flowering Plants
Taraxacum crocodes Flowering Plants
Thymallus thymallus European grayling Fishes

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
FI0100085 Finland Siuntionjoki Map
FI0200045 Finland Pirilänkoski Map
FI0200049 Finland Vanhakoski Map
FI0200083 Finland Kiskonjoen vesistö Map
FI0200091 Finland Karvian luomat Map
FI0200102 Finland Rekijokilaakso Map
FI0200103 Finland Paimionjokilaakso Map
FI0200120 Finland Kiskonjoen latvavedet Map
FI0200130 Finland Karvianjoen kosket Map
FI0200148 Finland Kokemäenjoki Map
FI0301011 Finland Kalkkistenkoski Map
FI0355002 Finland Kituskoski Map
FI0358001 Finland Kilpikoski Map
FI0401001 Finland Kymijoki Map
FI0420001 Finland Kuolimo Map
FI0500060 Finland Mäntyharjun reitin kosket Map
FI0600010 Finland Vaikkojoki, Vaikon vanhat metsät ja Aitalamminsuo Map
FI0600012 Finland Ylä-Keyrityn metsät ja Keyritynjoki Map
FI0600029 Finland Kutujoki Map
FI0600032 Finland Konnevesi-Kalaja-Niinivuori Map
FI0600067 Finland Kolmisoppisen suot Map
FI0600068 Finland Älänne Map
FI0600070 Finland Koivujoki Map
FI0600071 Finland Tiilikan alue Map
FI0600084 Finland Kutunjoki Map
FI0700011 Finland Kesonsuo - Palokangas-Selkäkangas - Syväysjoki Map
FI0700043 Finland Koitajoen alue Map
FI0700045 Finland Ruunaa Map
FI0700047 Finland Patvinsuo Map
FI0700048 Finland Rasvasuo-Kitkasuo - Cajanderin aarnialue Map
FI0700055 Finland Vaikkojoen suot Map
FI0700149 Finland Kesonsuo ja Syväysjoki Map
FI0800111 Finland Lapväärtinjokilaakso Map
FI0900018 Finland Vanginvesi Map
FI0900025 Finland Saarijärven reitti Map
FI0900032 Finland Pihlajaveden reitti Map
FI0900045 Finland Housukosken alue Map
FI0900055 Finland Laihistenneva-Härkäneva-Vahvasenjoki Map
FI0900070 Finland Kolima-Keitele -koskireitti Map
FI0900074 Finland Haapasuo-Syysniemi-Rutajärvi-Kivijärvi Map
FI0900093 Finland Haukisuo-Härkäsuo-Kukkoneva Map
FI0900101 Finland Isojärvi-Arvajanreitti Map
FI0900104 Finland Vatianjärven - Saraaveden alue Map
FI0900123 Finland Pihlajavesi ja yläjuoksun pienvedet Map
FI1000040 Finland Siiponjoki Map
FI1000057 Finland Lestijoki Map
FI1101202 Finland Kiiminkijoki Map
FI1101645 Finland Oulanka Map
FI1105406 Finland Metsäkylä Map
FI1200252 Finland Iso Palonen - Maariansärkät Map
FI1200410 Finland Hepokönkään alue Map
FI1300118 Finland TARVANTOVAARA Map
FI1300211 Finland Ivalojokisuisto Map
FI1300407 Finland Siikajoki-Juujoki Map
FI1300801 Finland Muonionjärvi-Utkujoki Map
FI1300908 Finland Pyhä-Luosto Map
FI1301318 Finland OUNASJOKI Map
FI1301401 Finland Värriö Map
FI1301404 Finland Joutsenaapa - Kaita-aapa Map
FI1301613 Finland Simojoki Map
FI1301712 Finland POMOKAIRA Map
FI1301811 Finland Suuripään alue Map
FI1301912 Finland Tornionjoen-Muonionjoen vesistöalue Map
FI1301913 Finland Karunginjärvi Map
FI1302001 Finland Kevo Map
FI1302003 Finland Paistunturin erämaa Map
FI1302105 Finland Kainuunkylän saaret Map
SE0210008 Sweden Båtfors Map
SE0210240 Sweden Bredfors Map
SE0210367 Sweden Pellesberget Map
SE0210368 Sweden Färnebofjärden syd Map
SE0210369 Sweden Östa Map
SE0220304 Sweden Kilaån-Vretaån Map
SE0220701 Sweden Vedaån Map
SE0220702 Sweden Svärtaån Map
SE0310406 Sweden Emån (västra) Map
SE0330160 Sweden Emåns vattensystem i Kalmar län Map
SE0330217 Sweden Värnanäs Map
SE0410128 Sweden Mörrumsån Map
SE0510148 Sweden Suseån-Hult Map
SE0520156 Sweden Långevallsälven Map
SE0520163 Sweden Örekilsälven Map
SE0520179 Sweden Kynne älv Map
SE0520182 Sweden Enningdalsälven Map
SE0520183 Sweden Säveån, nedre delen Map
SE0530085 Sweden Säveån Map
SE0540213 Sweden Gullspångsälven Map
SE0610169 Sweden Klarälven, övre delen Map
SE0610233 Sweden Knappnäs Map
SE0620003 Sweden Fjätälven och Västvallen i Storfjäten Map
SE0620005 Sweden Storån-Österdalälven Map
SE0620016 Sweden Fuluälven Map
SE0620025 Sweden Hälla Map
SE0620026 Sweden Görälven-Västerdalälven Map
SE0620038 Sweden Rotensugnet Map
SE0620053 Sweden Gåsberget Map
SE0620081 Sweden Stikåsälsbäcken Map
SE0620160 Sweden Kungsgårdsholmarna Map
SE0620220 Sweden Storbron Map
SE0620229 Sweden Bröttjärnaån Map
SE0620234 Sweden Färnebofjärden, nordväst Map
SE0620242 Sweden Söppenmyran Map
SE0620245 Sweden Fjätfallet Map
SE0630055 Sweden Voxnan Map
SE0630083 Sweden Järvsöholmarna Map
SE0630099 Sweden Ängraån Map
SE0630101 Sweden Mellanljusnan Laforsen-Korskrogen Map
SE0630153 Sweden Jordbärsmuren-Ålbo Map
SE0630154 Sweden Spjutholmen Map
SE0630164 Sweden Testeboån Map
SE0630165 Sweden Testeboåns delta Map
SE0630176 Sweden Djupbäcken Map
SE0630187 Sweden Bredforsen Map
SE0630189 Sweden Övre Hedesundafjärden Map
SE0630190 Sweden Färnebofjärden Map
SE0630191 Sweden Ista Map
SE0630192 Sweden Gysinge Map
SE0630206 Sweden Galvån Map
SE0630220 Sweden Flotthöljan Map
SE0630223 Sweden Mellanljusnan Korskrogen-Edeforsen Map
SE0630238 Sweden Testeboån-nedre Map
SE0710164 Sweden Moälven Map
SE0710170 Sweden Örasjöbäcken-Storsvedjan Map
SE0720183 Sweden Frostvikenfjällen Map
SE0720206 Sweden Tännforsen Map
SE0720282 Sweden Ånnsjön Map
SE0720286 Sweden Åreälven Map
SE0720289 Sweden Toskströmmen (Hårkan alpin) Map
SE0720291 Sweden Ljusnan (Hede-Svegsjön) Map
SE0720294 Sweden Gimån; Uppströms Holmsjön Map
SE0720297 Sweden Rörströmsälven (Jämtlands län) Map
SE0720307 Sweden Revaberget Map
SE0720358 Sweden Långan; Nedströms Landösjön Map
SE0720359 Sweden Ammerån Map
SE0720361 Sweden Hårkan Map
SE0720369 Sweden Sölvbacka strömmar Map
SE0720403 Sweden Tjärnflon Hostån Map
SE0720446 Sweden Malmån Map
SE0810008 Sweden Hummelholm Map
SE0810024 Sweden Vindelforsarna Map
SE0810027 Sweden Vännforsen Map
SE0810066 Sweden Sandseleforsen Map
SE0810068 Sweden Vindel-Storforsen Map
SE0810323 Sweden Mårdselforsen Map
SE0810371 Sweden Sandsele Map
SE0810389 Sweden Nedre Laisälven Map
SE0810395 Sweden Virisens vattensystem Map
SE0810433 Sweden Lögdeälven Map
SE0810434 Sweden Öreälven Map
SE0810435 Sweden Vindelälven Map
SE0810436 Sweden Sävarån Map
SE0810437 Sweden Byskeälven Map
SE0810438 Sweden Åbyälven Map
SE0810443 Sweden Ammarnäsdeltat Map
SE0820056 Sweden Laisdalens fjällurskog Map
SE0820057 Sweden Märkberget Map
SE0820123 Sweden Hornavan-Sädvajaure fjällurskog Map
SE0820124 Sweden Tjeggelvas Map
SE0820156 Sweden Pärlälvens fjällurskog Map
SE0820186 Sweden Ultevis fjällurskog Map
SE0820193 Sweden Stubba Map
SE0820204 Sweden Kaitum fjällurskog Map
SE0820209 Sweden Lina fjällurskog Map
SE0820243 Sweden Rautas Map
SE0820287 Sweden Pessinki fjällurskog Map
SE0820294 Sweden Yraft Map
SE0820430 Sweden Torne och Kalix älvsystem Map
SE0820431 Sweden Råneälven Map
SE0820432 Sweden Byskeälven Map
SE0820433 Sweden Åbyälven Map
SE0820434 Sweden Piteälven Map
SE0820722 Sweden Jelka-Rimakåbbå Map
SE0820737 Sweden Laisälven Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Relation to habitat classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 C2.23 Glacial meltwaters overlap
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200711 C2.2 Permanent non-tidal, fast, turbulent watercourses overlap
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100