EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > A - Marine habitats > A2 - Littoral sediment > A2.5 - Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds

Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds

English name: Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds

Description (English)

Angiosperm-dominated stands of vegetation, occurring on the extreme upper shore of sheltered coasts and periodically covered by high tides. The vegetation develops on a variety of sandy and muddy sediment types and may have admixtures of coarser material. The character of the saltmarsh communities is affected by height up the shore, resulting in a zonation pattern related to the degree or frequency of immersion in seawater.

Source:
EUNIS habitat classification
Interpretation Manual of the habitats targeted by Resolution No. 4

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code A2.5
Bern Convention Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Caricion glareosae Nordhagen 1954 Boreo-arctic upper-marsh saline coastal swards of seaboards of Northern Atlantic and Arctic Oceans Magnocaricion glareosae Shimwell 1973 Schaminee et al, 2012
Festucion maritimae Christiansen 1927 Vegetation of grass-rich saline swards at low tidal mark of European Atlantic coasts Eco-Festucion maritimae Chapman 1959; Eco-Puccinellion Chapman 1959 p.p.; Glauco-Caricion dilutae Golub et Solomakha 1988; Halimionion Chapman 1959; Puccinellio maritimae-Salicornion herbaceae Br.-Bl. et De Leeuw 1936; Puccinellion maritimae Tx. 1937; Puccinellion retroflexae Iversen 1936; Puccinellio maritimae-Halimionion portulacoidis Géhu 1994; Puccinellio maritimae-Halimionion portulacoidis Géhu et Biondi 1995; Puccinellion maritimae Christiansen 1927 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Puccinellion phryganodis Hadac 1946 Boreo-arctic lower-marsh saline coastal swards of seaboards of Northern Atlantic and Arctic Oceans Eco-Puccinellion Chapman 1959 p.p.; Boreo-Puccinellion Pignatti 1953; Juncion atrofuscae Golub et al. 2003; Triglochino maritimi-Fucion vesiculosae Golub et al. 2003; Puccinellion phryganodis Nordhagen 1954 Schaminee et al, 2012
Juncion maritimi Br.-Bl. ex Horvatic 1934 Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic coastal saline rush marsh vegetation under prolonged flooding regime Apio-Juncion maritimi Pop 1962; Apio-Juncion maritimi Rivas Goday et Rivas-Mart. 1963; Eco-Juncion maritimi Chapman 1954; Inulion crithmoidis S. Brullo et Furnari 1988; Juncion maritimi Br.-Bl. 1931; Juncion maritimi Chapman 1959; Limonio gmelinii-Juncion maritimi Golub et Solomakha 1988; Tetragonolobion siliquosi Pignatti 1953; Puccinellion festuciformis Géhu et Scoppola in Géhu et al. 1984; Glauco-Juncion maritimi Géhu et Géhu-Franck 1984; Glauco-Juncion maritimi Géhu et Géhu-Franck in Géhu 2007; Juncion maritimi Br.-Bl. ex Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 Schaminee et al, 2012
Salicornion fruticosae Br.-Bl. 1933 Mediterranean and thermo-atlantic intertidal succulent dwarf chenopod scub Arthrocnemion perennis (Rivas-Mart. in Rivas-Mart. et al. 1980) Golub et al. 2001; Eco-Fruti-Salicornion Chapman 1954; Halo-Puccinellion Pignatti 1952; Halo-Puccinellion Pignatti 1953; Sarcocornion perennis S. Brullo et Furnari 1988; Puccinellio maritimae-Halimionion portulacoidis Géhu et Biondi 1995; Arthrocnemion fruticosi Br.-Bl. 1931 corr. O. de Bolòs 1967; Halimionion portulacoidis Géhu 1976; Salicornion fruticosae Br.-Bl. 1931; Salicornion fruticosae Br.-Bl. ex Br.-Bl. et al. 1952; Sarcocornion fruticosae Br.-Bl. 1933 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Armerion maritimae Br.-Bl. et De Leeuw 1936 Vegetation of grass- and chamaephyte-rich saline swards at high tidal mark of Atlantic seaboards of Europe Eleocharition uniglumis Krisch 1990; Festucion arenariae Corillion 1953; Junco-Caricion Corillion 1953; Festucion littoralis Corillion 1953 corr. Géhu 1976; Eco-Armerion Chapman 1959 Schaminee et al, 2012
Frankenio laevis-Armerion maritimae Géhu et Géhu-Franck 1975 Vegetation of upper tidal coastal nutrient-rich sandy flats of cantabro-atlantic regions of Iberia and southern France Limonio ovalifolii-Frankenion laevis Rivas-Mart. et al. 2001; Limonio ovalifolii-Frankenion laevis Arbesú et al. in Rivas-Mart. et al. 2002 Schaminee et al, 2012
Suaedion brevifoliae Br.-Bl. et O. de Bolòs 1958 Mediterranean-Cantabro-atlantic sub-nitrophilous supratidal succulent chenopod scrub on loamy-sandy soils Atriplici halimi-Suaedion verae Julve 1993; Sarcocornion alpini (Rivas-Mart. et al. 1991) Brullo et al. 2002; Suaedion verae S. Brullo et Furnari 1988; Suaedion braun-blanqueti Br.-Bl. et O. de Bolòs 1958 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 1991; Suaedion verae (Rivas-Mart. et al. 1990) Rivas-Mart. et al.1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Thero-Salicornion Br.-Bl. 1933 Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic pioneer annual succulent communities of tidal flats and irregularly flooded inland depressions Salicornion Chapman 1959; Salicornion patulo-emerici Rivas-Mart. 1984; Salicornion strictae Tx. 1974; Suaedion Chapman 1959; Suaedion splendentis Julve 1993; Thero-Suaedion Br.-Bl. 1931; Salicornion emerici Géhu et Géhu-Franck 1984; Salicornion patulae Géhu et Géhu-Franck 1984; Thero-Salicornion (Br.-Bl. 1933 ) Tx. 1954; Thero-Salicornion Br.-Bl. 1931 (sensu ?opa 1939); Thero-Salicornion ?opa 1939; Thero-Suaedion Br.-Bl. ex Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 Schaminee et al, 2012
Limoniastrion monopetali Pignatti 1952 Saline scrub of supratidal non-inundated sandy habitats of western North Africa and Western and Central Mediterranean Frankenion thymifoliae Barbagallo et al. 1990; Limoniastrion monopetali Pignatti 1953; Limonion ferulacei (Pignatti 1952) Beeftink 1968 Schaminee et al, 2012
Salicornion ramosissimae Tx. 1974 Atlantic pioneer annual succulent communities of schorre tidal mud-flats at upper tidal mark Salicornion ramosissimae Tx. ex Rivas-Mart. et al. 1980; Salicornion ramosissimae Tx. ex W. Matuszkiewicz 1981; Salicornion europaeo-ramosissimae Géhu et Géhu-Franck 1984 Schaminee et al, 2012
Salicornion dolichostachyo-fragilis Géhu et Rivas-Mart. ex Géhu et Géhu-Franck 1984 Atlantic pioneer annual succulent communities of slikke of tidal mud-flats at lower tidal mark Salicornion dolichostachyae Tx. 1974; Salicornion europaeae Schubert et al. 1995; Salicornion strictae Tx. in Tx. et Oberd. 1958; Thero-Salicornion dolichostachyae (Tx. in Tx. et Oberd. 1958) Rivas-Mart. et al. 1998; Salicornion dolichostachyo-fragilis Géhu et Géhu-Franck 1982; Salicornion dolichostachyo-fragilis Géhu et Rivas-Mart. ex Géhu 1992; Salicornion dolichostachyo-fragilis Géhu et Rivas-Mart.1982; Salicornion oliveri-procumbentis Géhu et Géhu-Franck 1982 Schaminee et al, 2012
Dupontion fischeri Hadac 1946 Arctic subsaline coastal peaty meadows on clayey soils of Svalbard and Greenland Caricion stantis Elvebakk 2002 Schaminee et al, 2012
Spartinion glabrae Conard 1935 Pioneer vegetation of perennial cord grasses on intertidal mud and sand Eco-Spartinion Chapman 1959; Spartinion anglicae Géhu in Bardat et al. 2004; Spartinion maritimae Beeftink et Géhu 1973; Spartinion maritimae Conard 1935 corr. Beeftink et al. in Géhu et Beeftink 1973 Schaminee et al, 2012
Plantaginion crassifoliae Br.-Bl. ex Br.-Bl. et al. 1952 Western Tyrrhenian and Provencal saline swards of margins of lagoons and damp dune-slacks Plantaginion crassifoliae Br.-Bl. 1931; Schoenion ferruginei Rivas Goday 1945 Schaminee et al, 2012
Scirpion maritimi Dahl et Hadac 1941 Mesotrophic and eutrophic brackish swamp reeds of the European temperate coastal regions Bolboschoenion maritimi Dahl et Hadac 1941 nom. mut. propos.; Caricion paleaceae Dahl et Hadac 1941; Eleocharition uniglumis Siira 1970; Eleocharition uniglumis Tyler 1969; Halo-Scirpion (Dahl et Hadac 1941) Den Held et Westhoff 1975; Scirpion maritimi Dahl et Hadac 1941 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 1980; Bolboschoenion maritimi continentale (Soó 1945) Borhidi 1970; Bolboschoenion maritimi Soó 1947; Bolboschoenion (hal.) Soó 1945 (orig. form); Bolboschoenion compacti Dahl et Hadac 1941 corr. Rivas-Mart. et al. 1980 nom. mut. propos.; Eco-Magnocaricion paleaceae Chapman 1954; Eco-Phragmition Chapman 1954 p.p. Schaminee et al, 2012
Arthrocnemion glauci Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1984 Mediterranean hypersaline coastal supratidal succulent chenopod scrub on sandy and rocky soils Limonion orientale Oberd. 1952 nom. mut.; Staticion orientale Oberd. 1952; Arthrocnemion macrostachyi Rivas-Mart. et Costa 1984 nom. mut. propos.; Halocnemion strobilacei Korzhenevsky et Klyukin 1990; Halocnemion strobilacei Korzhenevsky et Klyukin in Korzhenevsky 2000; Sarcocornion alpini (Rivas-Mart. et al. 1990) S. Brullo et al. 2002 Schaminee et al, 2012
Puccinellio maritimae-Spergularion salinae Beeftink 1965 Vegetation of grass-rich saline swards of supratidal habitats of European Atlantic coasts Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description

Not available

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 15 Saltmarshes, salt steppes, salt scrubs wider
CORINE Land Cover 4.2.1. Salt marshes n/a
Marine Habitat Classification Britain/Ireland 0405 LS.LMp.Sm Saltmarsh narrower
Ramsar Wetland Types H Intertidal marshes wider
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 H2 Saltmarsh narrower
Biodiversity Action Plan Priority Habitats (UK) 32 Coastal saltmarsh narrower
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 A2.6 Coastal saltmarshes and saline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B3 Coastal saltmarshes and halophytic habitats same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 15 Saltmarshes, salt steppes, salt scrubs wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 15 Saltmarshes, salt steppes, salt scrubs wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 15   wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 15   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 15   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 15.1   wider
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) LMU.Sm Saltmarsh same
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