EUNIS habitat classification 2012 > G - Woodland, forest and other wooded land > G3 - Coniferous woodland > G3.4 - Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga

Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga

English name: Scots pine woodland south of the taiga

Description (English)

Forests of Pinus sylvestris ssp. sylvestris and Pinus sylvestris ssp. hamata of the Nemoral and Mediterranean zones and of their transitions to the Steppe zone. Included are, in particular, the forests of Scotland, of the Alpine system, of the Mediterranean peninsulas, of the lowlands of Central Europe, of the East European Nemoral zone and its adjacent wooded steppes, formed by Pinus sylvestris ssp. sylvestris, as well as those of Anatolia, of the Caucacus and of Crimea, formed by Pinus sylvestris ssp. hamata. Excluded are the formations situated within the range of natural lowland occurrence of Picea abies.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code G3.4
Relation to Annex I habitat types (EU Habitats Directive)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Name Definition Other names Reference
Kolerio glaucae-Pinion sylvestris Ermakov 1999 Continental xeric psammophilous pine forests of forest-steppe and steppe zones of Eastern Europe Schaminee et al, 2012
Erico-Fraxinion orni Horvat 1959 nom. invers. propos. Relict forests of Pinus sylvestris on dolomite and ultramafic substrates of Dinarides Orno-Ericion dolomiticum Horvat 1959 (orig. form); Orno-Ericion serpentinicum Horvat 1959 (orig. form); Fraxino orni-Ericion Horvat 1959 (orig. form); Fraxino orni-Quercion dalechampii (Horvat 1963) Tomic´ 2004; Pinion austriacae Horvat 1959 (sensu Redžic et al. 2011) Schaminee et al, 2012
Trollio europaei-Pinion sylvestris Fedorov ex Ermakov et al. 2000 Birch-pine open herb-rich forests on mesic soils of South Urals Schaminee et al, 2012
Junipero hemisphaericae-Pinion sylvestris Rivas-Mart. 1983 Pyreneean-Catalonian supratemperate and orotemperate mesophilous Scot pine forests on acidic and basic substrates Junipero intermediae-Pinion catalaunicae Rivas-Mart. 1983 corr. Rivas-Mart. et J.A. Molina in Rivas-Mart., Fernández-González et Loidi 1999; Junipero hemisphaericae-Pinion pyrenaicae Rivas-Mart. 1983 nom. corr. propos. (sensu Rivas-Mart. et al. 2011) Schaminee et al, 2012
Veronico teucrii-Pinion sylvestris Ermakov et Solomeshch in Ermakov et et al. 2000 Birch-pine, pine and larch open herb-rich forests on dry soils of South Urals Schaminee et al, 2012
Festuco-Pinion sylvestris Passarge 1968 Subcontinental north-temperate and sub-boreal psammophilous pine forests in lowlands of Central and northern Europe Cytiso ruthenici-Pinion Krausch 1962; Festuco-Pinion sylvestris Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Stipo-Pinion sylvestris Passarge 1968; Stipo-Pinion sylvestris Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Festuco vaginatae-Pinion Soó 1971; Chamaecytiso ruthenici-Pinion Krausch 1962 nom. mut. propos. Schaminee et al, 2012
Erico carneae-Pinion Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1939 nom. invers. propos. Relict forests of Pinus sylvestris on calcareous substrates of Alps, northern Dinarides and Massif Central Pino-Ericion carneae Br.-Bl. in Br.-Bl. et al. 1939; Carici-Pinion sylvestris G. Hofmann in Passarge 1968; Cephalanthero rubrae-Pinion sylvestris Vanden Bergen 1963; Chamaebuxo-Pinion Wendelberger 1963; Epipactido muelleri-Pinion sylvestris Royer in Royer et al. 2006; Epipactido-Pinion sylvestris Passarge 1968; Pinion sylvestris calcicolum Aichinger 1933; Seslerio-Piceion Passarge 1978; Piceion omorikae Tregubov 1941; Molinio litoralis-Pinion sylvestris Ellenberg et Klötzli 1972; Molinio-Pinion sylvestris Ellenberg et Klötzli ex Theurillat in Theurillat et Béguin 1985; Pinion sylvestris (Aichinger 1933) Lakušic 1972; Chamaebuxo-Pinion Wendelberger 1962 (sensu Passarge 1978: 176); Piceion omorikae Tomic et Rakonjac 2011; Pinion salzmanni Br.-Bl. 1931 Schaminee et al, 2012
Libanotido intermediae-Pinion sylvestris Didukh 2003 Relict pine forests on Cretaceous marls on steep slopes of river valleys of southeastern Ukraine Schaminee et al, 2012
Junipero sabinae-Pinion sylvestris Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et Borja 1961 nom. invers. propos. Calcicolous oroiberian supra- to oromediterranean and supratemperate submediterranean pine forests Pino sylvestris-Juniperion sabinae Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et Borja 1961; Juniperion sabinae-Pinion sylvestris Rivas Goday in Rivas Goday et Borja 1961 nom. invers. propos.; Seslerio-Pinion uncinatae Vigo 1974; Pino ibericae-Juniperion sabinae Rivas Goday ex Rivas Goday et Borja 1961 corr. Rivas-Mart. et J.A. Molina in Rivas-Mart., Fernández-González et Loidi 1999 Schaminee et al, 2012
Dicrano-Pinion (Libbert 1933) W. Matuszkiewicz 1962 European temperate and sub-boreal pine woodlands communities of acidic sandy soils Cetrario-Pinion hercynicae Passarge 1968; Cladonio-Pinion sylvestris Passarge 1968; Cladonio-Pinion sylvestris Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Corynephoro-Pinion sylvestris Passarge 1968; Corynephoro-Pinion sylvestris Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Deschampsio-Pinion sylvestris Br.-Bl. 1961; Festuco ovinae-Pinion sylvestris Vorobiov et al. 1997; Pinion medioeuropaeum Libbert 1933; Pleurozio-Pinion sylvestris Passarge 1968; Pleurozio-Pinion sylvestris Passarge in Passarge et G. Hofmann 1968; Vaccinio-Pinion (Libbert 1933) Passarge 1968; Vaccinio-Pinion hercynicae Passarge 1969; Piceo-Pinion sylvestris Lakušic 1982; Pinion (Libbert 1933) Oberd. 1957 nom. rejic. propos.; Pinion sylvestris Lakušic 1976; Pino-Quercion Medwecka-Kornas et al. in Szafer 1959 Schaminee et al, 2012
Ononido rotundifoliae-Pinion sylvestris Br.-Bl. 1950 Thermophilous steppic pine forests in deep valleys of Central and Western Alps Schaminee et al, 2012
Pulsatillo slavicae-Pinion Fajmonová 1978 Relict forests of Pinus sylvestris on calcareous substrates of Carpathians Seslerio rigidae-Pinion Coldea 1991 Schaminee et al, 2012
Caragano fruticis-Pinion sylvestris Solomeshch et al. 2002 Xeric pine-larch open herb-rich forests of South Urals Schaminee et al, 2012
Avenello ibericae-Pinion ibericae Rivas-Mart. et J.A. Molina in Rivas-Mart., Fernández-González et Loidi 1999 Guadarramean-oroiberian supramediterranean and supratemperate submediterranean dry pine forests Schaminee et al, 2012

Species mentioned in habitat description


List

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 42.5 Western Palaearctic Scots pine forests same
CORINE Land Cover 3.1.2. Coniferous forest n/a
BEAR Forest Types for Biodiversity Assessment ? Not found in FTBA classification not defined
Phase 1 habitat classification (UK) 1993 A121 Woodland: coniferous, semi-natural overlap
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 6.4 Pinèdes thermophiles same
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 G3.4 Pinus sylvestris woodland south of the taiga same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 G3.5 Scots pine woodland south of the taiga same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 42.5 Western Palaearctic Scots pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 42.5 Western Palaearctic Scots pine forests same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 42.5   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 42.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 42.5   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 42.5   same
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