Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Falconiformes > Family: Falconidae > Genus: Falco > Species: Falco rusticolus

Gyrfalcon - Falco rusticolus Linnaeus, 1758

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Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 6 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • heathland and shrub
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code A102


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Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected sites

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Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Falconiformes)

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Migratory species of Falconidae)
Memorandum of understanding on the conservation of migratory birds of prey in Africa and Eurasia - under Bonn Convention (MoU Raptors)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Falcão-gerifalte Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Faucon gerfaut French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gerfalke German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Giervalk Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Girfalco d'Islanda Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gyrfalcon English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Halcón Gerifalte Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Jagtfalk Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Jaktfalk Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Jaktfalk Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Raroh lovecký Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sarki sólyom Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Tunturihaukka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

Bird action plan
CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:03180 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100