Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Falconiformes > Family: Falconidae > Genus: Falco > Species: Falco rusticolus

Gyrfalcon - Falco rusticolus Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU Population status
Threatened
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 6 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 1 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • heathland and shrub
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code A102

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Secure
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
PLB220004 Poland Ujście Wisły Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Directive 2009/147/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, of 30 November 2009, on the conservation of wild birds (EU Birds Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) (All species of Falconiformes) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals. (Bonn Convention) (Migratory species of Falconidae) http://www.cms.int/
Memorandum of understanding on the conservation of migratory birds of prey in Africa and Eurasia - under Bonn Convention (MoU Raptors) http://www.cms.int/raptors/
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) http://www.cites.org/eng
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...s/legislation_en.htm

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Falcão-gerifalte Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Faucon gerfaut French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gerfalke German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Giervalk Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Girfalco d'Islanda Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gyrfalcon English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Halcón Gerifalte Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Jagtfalk Danish EC-DGXI.d2, ETC/NC
Jaktfalk Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Jaktfalk Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Raroh lovecký Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Sarki sólyom Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Tunturihaukka Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

Bird action plan
CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:03180 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

No external data sets available for this species
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100