Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Alcidae > Genus: Fratercula > Species: Fratercula arctica

Puffin - Fratercula arctica (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Endangered (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • open ocean
  • shelf
Natura 2000 species code A204

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000025 Spain Marismas del Odiel Map
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000197 Spain Acantilados del Monte Hacho Map
ES0000336 Spain Isla de Alborán Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatx Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES5310024 Spain La Mola Map
ES5310025 Spain Cap de Barbaria Map
ES6310001 Spain Calamocarro-Benzú Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR5310011 France Côte de Granit Rose-Sept Iles Map
FR5310072 France Ouessant-Molène Map
FR5310073 France Baie de Morlaix Map
FR9310020 France Iles d'Hyères Map
IE0000147 Ireland Horn Head and Rinclevan SAC Map
IE0000190 Ireland Slieve Tooey/Tormore Island/Loughros Beg Bay SAC Map
IE0000204 Ireland Lambay Island SAC Map
IE0000500 Ireland Glenamoy Bog Complex SAC Map
IE0000707 Ireland Saltee Islands SAC Map
IE0002172 Ireland Blasket Islands SAC Map
IE0002193 Ireland Ireland's Eye SAC Map
IE0002243 Ireland Clare Island Cliffs SAC Map
IE0002259 Ireland Tory Island Coast SAC Map
IE0004002 Ireland Saltee Islands SPA Map
IE0004003 Ireland Puffin Island SPA Map
IE0004005 Ireland Cliffs of Moher SPA Map
IE0004007 Ireland Skelligs SPA Map
IE0004008 Ireland Blasket Islands SPA Map
IE0004066 Ireland The Bull and The Cow Rocks SPA Map
IE0004069 Ireland Lambay Island SPA Map
IE0004072 Ireland Stags of Broad Haven SPA Map
IE0004073 Ireland Tory Island SPA Map
IE0004074 Ireland Illanmaster SPA Map
IE0004117 Ireland Ireland's Eye SPA Map
ITA010001 Italy Isole dello Stagnone di Marsala Map
ITA010007 Italy Saline di Trapani Map
PTZPE0009 Portugal Ilhas Berlengas Map
UK9001021 United Kingdom Flannan Isles Map
UK9001031 United Kingdom St Kilda Map
UK9001041 United Kingdom The Shiant Isles Map
UK9002011 United Kingdom Hermaness, Saxa Vord and Valla Field Map
UK9002061 United Kingdom Foula Map
UK9002181 United Kingdom Sule Skerry and Sule Stack Map
UK9004171 United Kingdom Forth Islands Map
UK9014051 United Kingdom Skokholm and Skomer Map
ITA010028 Italy Stagnone di Marsala e Saline di Trapani - area marina e terrestre Map
ES6310002 Spain Zona marítimo-terrestre del Monte Hacho Map
ES6320001 Spain Zona marítimo terrestre de los acantilados de Aguadú Map
ES6110015 Spain Alboran Map
ES90ATL01 Spain El Cachucho Map
UKGIB0002 United Kingdom Southern Waters of Gibraltar Map
IE0004194 Ireland Horn Head to Fanad Head SPA Map
IE0004136 Ireland Clare Island SPA Map
IE0004177 Ireland Bills Rocks SPA Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000512 Spain Espacio marino del Delta de l'Ebre-Illes Columbretes Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map
ES0000510 Spain Plataforma-talud marinos del Cabo de la Nao Map
ES0000500 Spain Golfo de Cádiz Map
ES0000514 Spain Espacio marino de l'Empordà Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Frailecillo Atlántico Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lunda Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lunde Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Lunnefågel Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lunni Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Macareux moine French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Maskonur Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papagaio-do-mar Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papageitaucher German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papegaaiduiker Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papuchalk ploskozobý Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Puffin English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pulcinella di mare Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:06540 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

21 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Denmark 1000/5000 (individuals) 1992-1993 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark Arctic 1500/3000 (pairs) 1983 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Denmark Atlantic 350000/600000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 1500/3000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 100/10000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 229/229 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 241/255 (pairs) 1988 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Germany 0/49 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 0/100 (individuals) 1978-1994 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 3000000/4000000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland Arctic 2000000/3000000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ireland 19641/19641 (pairs) 1999-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland Atlantic 18000/18000 (pairs) 1985-1987 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Norway 1500000/2000000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 2000000/2000000 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Norway Arctic 1000/10000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 5000/6000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 20000/20000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
United Kingdom 621000/621000 (pairs) 1998-2003 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom Atlantic 450000/450000 (pairs) 1985-1987 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

21 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Germany 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 20 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Norway Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 27 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

14 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Alsace
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Aquitaine
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Bretagne
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files PACA
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Midi Pyrénées
2015-09-17 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2012 BRETAGNE_habides_export_oiseaux.xml
2015-09-17 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2012 NORD_PAS_DE_CALAIS_birds_habides_export.xml
2014-10-22 Belgium derogations Belgium BD 2013 20141009_habides_export_BE_BD_2013_final_uploaded_version.xml
2012-10-29 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Countryside Council for Wales
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 CCW contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2010-12-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2007_VL.xml
2010-11-23 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 SNH contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK report
2010-11-23 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 CCW contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK report

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

3 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
United Kingdom 2010-04-29 2010-09-30 140 Manx Shearwater (puffinus puffinus) licenced actually taken 123 20 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) licenced actually taken 20 20 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) licenced actually taken 8 20 Razorbills(Alca torda) licenced actually taken 7 20 Guillimots (Uria aalge) licenced actually taken 18 20 Fulmars(Fulmarus glacialis) licenced actually taken 0 Capture (ringing) Negligible Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) 299,712 Guillemots (Uria Aalge) 1,420,900 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) 580,799 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) 379,892 Razorbill (Alca tprda) 188,576 Fulmar ( Fulmarus glacialis) 504,756
United Kingdom 2010-04-29 2010-09-30 140 Manx Shearwater (puffinus puffinus) licenced actually taken 123 20 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) licenced actually taken 20 20 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) licenced actually taken 8 20 Razorbills(Alca torda) licenced actually taken 7 20 Guillimots (Uria aalge) licenced actually taken 18 20 Fulmars(Fulmarus glacialis) licenced actually taken 0 Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing Negligible Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) 299,712 Guillemots (Uria Aalge) 1,420,900 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) 580,799 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) 379,892 Razorbill (Alca tprda) 188,576 Fulmar ( Fulmarus glacialis) 504,756
United Kingdom 2010-04-29 2010-09-30 140 Manx Shearwater (puffinus puffinus) licenced actually taken 123 20 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) licenced actually taken 20 20 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) licenced actually taken 8 20 Razorbills(Alca torda) licenced actually taken 7 20 Guillimots (Uria aalge) licenced actually taken 18 20 Fulmars(Fulmarus glacialis) licenced actually taken 0 photograph Negligible Manx Shearwater (Puffinus puffinus) 299,712 Guillemots (Uria Aalge) 1,420,900 Atlantic Puffins (Fratercula arctica) 580,799 Kittiwakes (Rissa tridactyla) 379,892 Razorbill (Alca tprda) 188,576 Fulmar ( Fulmarus glacialis) 504,756
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