Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Alcidae > Genus: Fratercula > Species: Fratercula arctica

Puffin - Fratercula arctica (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Endangered (IUCN)
EU Population status
Near threatened
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 2 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 71 are designated for this species
Breeding habitats
  • sparsely vegetated land
Wintering habitats
  • open ocean
  • shelf
Natura 2000 species code A204

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and EU population status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

EU population status

The status of the population at the EU level was evaluated at the species level; this was based on the reports delivered by Member States under Article 12 of the Birds Directive (see fact sheet below). The EU status assessment can cover several subspecies/subspecific population units. For more information, please consult the species fact sheet and link below.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered
Population status categories for bird species under the Birds Directive
Secure
Near Threatened, declining or depleted
Threatened (i.e. vulnerable, endangered, critically endangered, regionally extinct)
Unknown or not evaluated

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
ES0000084 Spain Ses Salines d'Eivissa i Formentera Map
ES0000144 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasadarra / Ría de Urdaibai Map
ES0000197 Spain Acantilados del Monte Hacho Map
ES0000317 Spain Penarronda-Barayo Map
ES0000319 Spain Ría de Ribadesella-Ría de Tinamayor Map
ES2130005 Spain Gaztelugatxeko Doniene / San Juan de Gaztelugatxe Map
ES2130007 Spain Urdaibaiko itsasertzak eta padurak / Zonas litorales y marismas de Urdaibai Map
ES5310024 Spain La Mola Map
ES5310025 Spain Cap de Barbaria Map
ES6310001 Spain Calamocarro-Benzú Map
FR3110085 France Cap Gris-Nez Map
FR5310011 France Côte de Granit Rose-Sept Iles Map
FR5310072 France Ouessant-Molène Map
FR5310073 France Baie de Morlaix Map
FR9310020 France Iles d'Hyères Map
IE0000147 Ireland Horn Head and Rinclevan SAC Map
IE0000190 Ireland Slieve Tooey/Tormore Island/Loughros Beg Bay SAC Map
IE0000204 Ireland Lambay Island SAC Map
IE0000500 Ireland Glenamoy Bog Complex SAC Map
IE0000707 Ireland Saltee Islands SAC Map
IE0002172 Ireland Blasket Islands SAC Map
IE0002193 Ireland Ireland's Eye SAC Map
IE0002243 Ireland Clare Island Cliffs SAC Map
IE0002259 Ireland Tory Island Coast SAC Map
IE0004002 Ireland Saltee Islands SPA Map
IE0004003 Ireland Puffin Island SPA Map
IE0004005 Ireland Cliffs of Moher SPA Map
IE0004007 Ireland Skelligs SPA Map
IE0004008 Ireland Blasket Islands SPA Map
IE0004066 Ireland The Bull and The Cow Rocks SPA Map
IE0004069 Ireland Lambay Island SPA Map
IE0004072 Ireland Stags of Broad Haven SPA Map
IE0004073 Ireland Tory Island SPA Map
IE0004074 Ireland Illanmaster SPA Map
IE0004117 Ireland Ireland's Eye SPA Map
ITA010001 Italy Isole dello Stagnone di Marsala Map
ITA010007 Italy Saline di Trapani Map
UK9001011 United Kingdom North Rona and Sula Sgeir Map
UK9001021 United Kingdom Flannan Isles Map
UK9001031 United Kingdom St Kilda Map
UK9001041 United Kingdom Shiant Isles Map
UK9001121 United Kingdom Mingulay and Berneray Map
UK9001181 United Kingdom North Caithness Cliffs Map
UK9001182 United Kingdom East Caithness Cliffs Map
UK9001231 United Kingdom Cape Wrath Map
UK9001431 United Kingdom Canna and Sanday Map
UK9002011 United Kingdom Hermaness, Saxa Vord and Valla Field Map
UK9002061 United Kingdom Foula Map
UK9002081 United Kingdom Noss Map
UK9002091 United Kingdom Fair Isle Map
UK9002141 United Kingdom Hoy Map
UK9002181 United Kingdom Sule Skerry and Sule Stack Map
UK9004171 United Kingdom Forth Islands Map
UK9014051 United Kingdom Skomer, Skokholm and the Seas off Pembrokeshire / Sgomer, Sgogwm a Moroedd Penfro Map
ITA010028 Italy Stagnone di Marsala e Saline di Trapani - area marina e terrestre Map
ES6310002 Spain Zona marítimo-terrestre del Monte Hacho Map
ES6320001 Spain Zona marítimo terrestre de los acantilados de Aguadú Map
ES90ATL01 Spain El Cachucho Map
UKGIB0002 United Kingdom Southern Waters of Gibraltar Map
IE0004194 Ireland Horn Head to Fanad Head SPA Map
IE0004136 Ireland Clare Island SPA Map
IE0004177 Ireland Bills Rocks SPA Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000512 Spain Espacio marino del Delta de l'Ebre-Illes Columbretes Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map
ES0000510 Spain Plataforma-talud marinos del Cabo de la Nao Map
ES0000500 Spain Golfo de Cádiz Map
ES0000514 Spain Espacio marino de l'Empordà Map
UK9020325 United Kingdom Northumberland Marine Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Frailecillo Atlántico Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lunda Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lunde Norwegian Direktoratet for Naturforvaltning
Lunnefågel Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lunni Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Macareux moine French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Maskonur Polish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papagaio-do-mar Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papageitaucher German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papegaaiduiker Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Papuchalk ploskozobý Czech Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Puffin English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pulcinella di mare Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:06540 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

21 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Denmark 1000/5000 (individuals) 1992-1993 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Denmark Arctic 1500/3000 (pairs) 1983 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1993-12-31
Denmark Atlantic 350000/600000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1993-12-31
Denmark - Greenland 1500/3000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Denmark - Greenland 100/10000 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
France 229/229 (pairs) 2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
France 241/255 (pairs) 1988 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1993-12-31
Germany 0/49 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Iceland 0/100 (individuals) 1978-1994 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Iceland 3000000/4000000 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Iceland Arctic 2000000/3000000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1993-12-31
Ireland 19641/19641 (pairs) 1999-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Ireland Atlantic 18000/18000 (pairs) 1985-1987 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1993-12-31
Norway 1500000/2000000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Norway 2000000/2000000 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1993-12-31
Norway Arctic 1000/10000 (pairs) - Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1993-12-31
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Russian Federation 5000/6000 (pairs) 1990-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
Russian Federation 20000/20000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1993-12-31
United Kingdom 621000/621000 (pairs) 1998-2003 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2003-12-31
United Kingdom Atlantic 450000/450000 (pairs) 1985-1987 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1993-12-31
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

21 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Germany 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 20 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Norway Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Stable, or change of less than 20% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 27 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100