Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Charadriiformes > Family: Laridae > Genus: Larus > Species: Larus fuscus > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Larus fuscus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758 Cramp, S. & Simmons, K.E.L. (1983)
Larus fuscus graellsii Brehm, 1857 PESI webservices (simplified taxonony) (2012)

Lesser Black-backed Gull - Larus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
Protected by EU Birds Directive and 1 other international agreement
Natura 2000 species code A183

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
BEMNZ0001 Belgium Vlaamse Banken Map
CY6000002 Cyprus ALYKES LARNAKAS Map
DE2121401 Germany Unterelbe Map
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DE2609401 Germany Emsmarsch von Leer bis Emden Map
DE2617401 Germany Unterweser Map
DE3513401 Germany Alfsee Map
DE3521401 Germany Steinhuder Meer Map
DE5509401 Germany Laacher See Map
DE5511401 Germany Engerser Feld Map
DE6316401 Germany Lampertheimer Altrhein Map
EE0010171 Estonia Kolga lahe Map
EE0010173 Estonia Lahemaa Map
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EE0040418 Estonia Kasti lahe Map
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FR7212016 France Panache de la Gironde Map
FR7212019 France Tête de Canyon du Cap Ferret Map
FR5212015 France Secteur marin de l'île d'Yeu jusqu'au continent Map
FR5312011 France Iles Houat-Hoëdic Map
FR5212013 France Mor Braz Map
FR5412026 France Pertuis charentais - Rochebonne Map
ES0000451 Spain Montdúver-Marjal de la Safor Map
ES0000450 Spain Marjal i Estanys d'Almenara Map
ES90ATL01 Spain El Cachucho Map
ES0000470 Spain Marjal dels Moros (ZEPA) Map
ES0000471 Spain l'Albufera (ZEPA) Map
ES0000468 Spain Serra d'Espadà (ZEPA) Map
ES0000467 Spain Prat de Cabanes i Torreblanca (ZEPA) Map
ES6180017 Spain Campiñas de Sevilla Map
ES4310003 Spain Complejo Lagunar de la Albuera Map
UKGIB0002 United Kingdom Southern Waters of Gibraltar Map
CY3000008 Cyprus LIMNI PARALIMNIOU Map
CY4000018 Cyprus EKBOLES POTAMON EZOUSAS, XEROU, KAI DIARIZOU Map
CY4000010 Cyprus CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
CY4000023 Cyprus ZONI EIDIKIS PROSTASIAS CHERSONISOS AKAMA Map
GR4220028 Greece ANDROS: KENTRIKO KAI NOTIO TMIMA, GYRO NISIDES KAI PARAKTIA THALASSIA ZONI Map
GR2540008 Greece NOTIA MANI Map
GR3000016 Greece YGROTOPOS SCHINIA Map
GR2230008 Greece DIAPONTIA NISIA (OTHONOI, EREIKOUSA, MATHRAKI KAI VRACHONISIDES) Map
GR2420012 Greece OROS OCHI, PARAKTIA ZONI KAI NISIDES Map
IE0004136 Ireland Clare Island SPA Map
IE0004175 Ireland Deenish Island and Scariff Island SPA Map
IE0004182 Ireland Mid-Clare Coast SPA Map
FR7212018 France Bassin d'Arcachon et banc d'Arguin Map
FR7212017 France Au droit de l'étang d'Hourtin-Carcans Map
AT2209000 Austria Niedere Tauern Map
AT1202V00 Austria March-Thaya-Auen Map
ES0000484 Spain el Fondo d'Elx-Crevillent (ZEPA) Map
ES0000487 Spain Marjal de Pego-Oliva (ZEPA) Map
ES0000486 Spain Salines de Santa Pola (ZEPA) Map
ES0000485 Spain Lagunas de la Mata y Torrevieja (ZEPA) Map
ES5310128 Spain Cap Enderrocat i cap Blanc Map
IT3340007 Italy Area marina di Miramare Map
ES0000497 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa da Morte Map
ES0000531 Spain Espacio marino de La Bocayna Map
ES0000530 Spain Espacio marino de Mogán-La Aldea Map
ES0000492 Spain Espacio marino de los Islotes de Portios-Isla Conejera-Isla de Mouro Map
ES0000513 Spain Espacio marino del Baix Llobregat-Garraf Map
ES0000504 Spain Bahía de Málaga-Cerro Gordo Map
ES0000519 Spain Espacio marino del poniente de Mallorca Map
ES0000516 Spain Espacio marino del poniente y norte de Ibiza Map
ES0000512 Spain Espacio marino del Delta de l'Ebre-Illes Columbretes Map
ES0000495 Spain Espacio marino de Punta de Candelaria-Ría de Ortigueira-Estaca de Bares Map
ES0000494 Spain Espacio marino de Cabo Peñas Map
ES0000521 Spain Espacio marino del norte y oeste de Menorca Map
ES0000498 Spain ZEPA Banco de Galicia Map
ES0000532 Spain Espacio marino de los Islotes de Lanzarote Map
ES0000507 Spain Espacio marino de los Islotes Litorales de Murcia y Almería Map
ES0000490 Spain Espacio marino de la Ría de Mundaka-Cabo de Ogoño Map
ES0000499 Spain Espacio marino de las Rías Baixas de Galicia Map
ES0000527 Spain Espacio marino de los Acantilados de Santo Domingo y Roque de Garachico Map
ES0000518 Spain Espacio marino del sur de Mallorca y Cabrera Map
ES0000522 Spain Espacio marino del sureste de Menorca Map
ES0000515 Spain Espacio marino de Formentera y del sur de Ibiza Map
ES0000523 Spain Espacio marino de la zona occidental de El Hierro Map
ES0000501 Spain Espacio marino del Tinto y del Odiel Map
ES0000508 Spain Espacio marino de Tabarca-Cabo de Palos Map
ES0000506 Spain Bahía de Almería Map
ES0000528 Spain Espacio marino del Roque de la Playa Map
ES0000535 Spain ZEPA Banco de la Concepción Map
ES0000524 Spain Espacio marino de los Roques de Salmor Map
ES0000517 Spain Espacio marino del levante de Ibiza Map
ES0000525 Spain Espacio marino del norte de La Palma Map
ES0000510 Spain Plataforma-talud marinos del Cabo de la Nao Map
ES0000496 Spain Espacio marino de la Costa de Ferrolterra-Valdoviño Map
ES0000500 Spain Golfo de Cádiz Map
ES0000529 Spain Espacio marino de Anaga Map
ES0000502 Spain Espacio marino de la Bahía de Cádiz Map
ES0000514 Spain Espacio marino de l'Empordà Map
ES0000520 Spain Espacio marino del norte de Mallorca Map
ES0000526 Spain Espacio marino de La Gomera-Teno Map

Protected sites

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Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Gaivota-d'asa-escura Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Gaviota Sombría Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Goéland brun French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Heringsirály Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Heringsmöwe German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kleine Mantelmeeuw Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Lesser Black-backed Gull English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Selkälokki Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Silltrut Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Zafferano Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
No synonyms available.

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EBCC Atlas of breeding birds European Bird Census Council's Atlas of Breeding Birds
EURing code:05910 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

53 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 0/4 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 1000/1000 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 2793/2842 (pairs) 2000-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 2/10 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Croatia 50/100 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Cyprus 50/500 (individuals) 1994-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 4000/6000 (pairs) 2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark Atlantic 5000/9000 (pairs) 1981 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 500/1000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 80/120 (pairs) 1998 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 0/10 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia Boreal 250/300 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Finland 5000/7000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Finland 6000/7000 (pairs) 1992 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
France 22500/23030 (pairs) 1997-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 50000/150000 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 23563/23563 (pairs) 1988 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Germany 23000/29000 (pairs) 1995-1999 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece 50/200 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Hungary 1/2 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland 25000/35000 (pairs) 1997 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Iceland Arctic 25000/35000 (pairs) - Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Ireland 2876/2876 (pairs) 1999-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Italy 300/1500 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia 0/20 (individuals) 1990-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania 0/49 (individuals) 1992-2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Malta 5/10 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Moldova, Republic of 0/7 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 58500/72000 (pairs) 1998-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands 600/700 (individuals) 1999-2001 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands Atlantic 24000/24000 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Norway 30000/40000 (pairs) 1990-2001 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Norway 10000/20000 (pairs) 1990 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Poland 0/3 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 1/20 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal 5/10 (pairs) 2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Portugal Present/Present (individuals) 2002 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 50/100 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 4000/5700 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 700/2300 (pairs) 1984-1988 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Slovakia 0/5 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovenia 0/5 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 16597/79140 (individuals) 1990-2001 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Spain 480/500 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 2000/5000 (pairs) 1999-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Sweden 15000/20000 (pairs) 1987 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Switzerland 9/16 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Turkey 30/90 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 0/49 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 60800/60800 (individuals) 1993 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 114000/114000 (pairs) 1998-2002 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom Atlantic 86000/86000 (pairs) 1985-1987 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
United Kingdom - Gibraltar 10/30 (individuals) 2000-2003 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

53 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Croatia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Cyprus 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 9% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia Boreal 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Finland 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing : 15 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Finland 1970-1990 Breeding Large decrease of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
France 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1970-1990 Breeding Large increase of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Germany 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Hungary 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Iceland Arctic 1970-1990 Breeding Large increase of at least 50% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Ireland 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Italy 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Malta 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Moldova, Republic of 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 184 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands 1990-2000 Wintering increasing : 258 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Large increase of at least 50% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Norway 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Norway 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Poland 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Portugal 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovenia 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 0% to 100% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Spain 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing : 80 % Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1990-2000 Breeding Decreasing between 50% to 79% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Sweden 1970-1990 Breeding Small decrease of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Switzerland 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating between 30% to 49% Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing : 29 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom Atlantic 1970-1990 Breeding Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
United Kingdom - Gibraltar 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

61 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2016-02-24 Germany Birds Derogation 2014 Birds_2014_GER.xml
2015-12-14 France France reporting Birds Directive 2013 corrected DREAL Centre Val de Loire
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Alsace
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Centre Val de Loire
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Lorraine
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files Nord Pas de Calais
2015-12-10 France France reporting Birds Directive corrected files PACA
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-11-17 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2014 part 1 BD_derogations2014_RVO_NL_part1.xml
2015-09-30 Poland National Report on Derogation under the Birds Directive 2014 birds_directive_2014
2015-09-18 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2013 DREAL_Centre_habides_export_2013_habitats_et_oiseaux.xml
2015-09-17 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2012 NORD_PAS_DE_CALAIS_birds_habides_export.xml
2015-09-17 France France rapport art 9 directive oiseaux 79/409/CEE année 2012 POITOU-CHARENTE-birds-habides2012_export_112013.xml
2015-04-24 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2014 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2014
2015-04-16 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2013 NL_BD2013.xml
2015-03-25 Spain Bird derogations for Spain 2013 Birds Spain 2013
2015-01-14 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany Birds Derogation 2012 Germany
2014-12-08 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2013 BG-NReport under Bird Directive 2013
2014-10-23 Spain Birds Derogation for Spain 2012 Birds Derogation for Spain 2012
2014-10-22 Belgium derogations Belgium BD 2013 20141009_habides_export_BE_BD_2013_final_uploaded_version.xml
2014-10-20 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2012 Derogations Bird Directieve NL 2012
2014-09-30 Denmark 2013 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive National_Report_on_Derogations_under_the_Birds_Directive__1.xml
2014-09-30 Finland Bird 2013 FI_bird_report_2013
2014-09-26 Sweden National reports on derogations under the Birds Directive 2013 Art 9 Birds Directive Sweden 2013
2014-05-29 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2013 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2013
2013-12-19 Sweden National reports on derogations under the Birds directive (Art 9) 2012 - Sweden Art 9 Birds Directive 2012_SE
2013-12-17 Bulgaria BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012 BG-NR under Bird Directive 2012
2013-12-11 Malta Birds Derogation Report - Malta - 2012 MALTA-Habides_Export_Birds-2012.xml
2013-12-09 Portugal PT_Birds_2011.xml PT_Birds_2011
2013-12-09 Portugal PT_Birds_2012.xml PT_Birds_2012
2013-10-11 Finland Bird2012 FI_bird_report_2012.xml
2013-10-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2012 Derogations report BD BE2012
2013-09-19 Denmark 2012 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2013-09-13 Netherlands BD Derogations 2011 OLD Bird Directive Derogations 2011
2013-04-15 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2011 Derogations Belgium BD 2011
2013-02-12 Denmark 2011 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2013-01-03 Finland Bird2011 FI_bird_report_2011.xml
2012-10-29 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Countryside Council for Wales
2012-10-29 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Natural England
2012-10-29 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2011 Welsh Government (Part 2)
2012-05-29 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2009 Derogations Belgium BD 2009
2012-05-29 Belgium Derogations Belgium BD 2010 Derogations Belgium BD 2010
2012-05-03 Denmark 2009 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2012-05-03 Denmark 2010 Danish national derogation reports under Art. 9.3 of the EU Birds Directive questionnaire_habides.xml
2012-02-26 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2010 Derogations BD Netherlands 2010
2012-01-03 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2009 error Derogations Flanders BD & HD 2009
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 92/43/EEC: Derogation under Article 16: Report by the UK for 2009-2010 Scottish Government contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 and 92/43/EEC Article 16 UK Report
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 CCW contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 NE contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogation under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2010 SNH contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2011-07-01 Denmark Denmarks Report on Derogations under the Birds Directive for 2010 questionnaire_habides.xml
2011-06-03 Finland Bird 2009 FI_bird_rap_2009.xml
2011-01-12 Finland BIRD 2008 FI Report 2008
2010-12-20 Denmark Derogations 2009 questionnaire_habides.xml
2010-12-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2007_VL.xml
2010-12-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2008_VL.xml
2010-11-23 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 SNH contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK report
2010-11-23 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 CCW contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK report
2010-11-23 United Kingdom Directive 2009/147/EC: Derogations under Article 9: Report by the UK for 2009 NE contribution to 2009/147/EC Article 9 UK Report
2010-09-08 Netherlands Derogations Birds and Habitats Directive Derogations BD2008 and HD 2007 - 2008
2009-12-22 Denmark Derogations 2008 questionnaire_habides.xml

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

92 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Noord-Holland 2014-04-15 2016-08-15 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-04-15 2016-08-15 No information available Destruction, damage to and removal of nests The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-04-15 2016-08-15 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2014-04-15 2019-09-30 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Netherlands 2014-04-07 2039-04-06 No information available Killing The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2014-03-15 2019-03-15 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2014-03-15 2019-03-15 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-03-07 2015-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-03-07 2015-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-01-31 2017-01-30 No information available Destruction, damage to and removal of nests The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-01-31 2017-01-30 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2014-01-31 2017-01-30 No information available Destruction, damage to and removal of nests The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2014-01-31 2017-01-30 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Groningen 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Groningen 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Friesland (NL) 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Friesland (NL) 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2014-01-01 2018-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Sweden 2013-10-29 2016-12-31 Av akut flygsäkerhet får de skjuta de fåglar som kommit in på landningsbanan, ingen nummerär begränsning då problemet måste undanröjas Döda Ingen, både kråk- och måsfågel samt kanadagäss är i stora numerärer, detsamma gäller ringduva. Totalt sköts 35 måsar och 30 kråkfåglar
Åland 2013-06-03 2017-12-31 Ett tillstånd beviljat. Det är inte möjligt att veta i förhand hur många fåglar kommer att ringmärkas Fånga (ringmärkning) Ingen påverkan
Noord-Holland 2013-05-22 2015-12-31 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests   Negligible
Zuid-Holland 2013-05-06 2015-10-06 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2013-05-06 2015-10-06 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2013-05-06 2015-10-06 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zeeland 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-03-15 2013-07-31 No information available Killing The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-03-15 2013-07-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-03-15 2013-07-31 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Lubuskie 2013-02-19 2015-12-31 Number of individuals impossible to define for disturbance. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away no impact on Populations.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Denmark 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences Killing There is no impact on the population
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Stuffing In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Malta 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of specimens that would be collected or handed over to the National Museum of Natural History during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping for educational and scientific purpose In view that the specimens in question are already dead due to some other circumstance, the keeping of their bodies would not negatively impact the population.
Zuid-Holland 2013-01-01 2018-03-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2013-01-01 2018-03-31 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests   The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Capture Negligible
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Transport Negligible
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Killing Negligible
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away Negligible
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Releasing Negligible
Noord-Holland 2012-09-01 2017-08-31 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests Negligible
Canarias (ES) 2012-08-06 2013-12-31 Se colectarán, según especies, entr e5 y 250 ejemplares Captura para anillamiento Escaso
Canarias (ES) 2012-08-06 2013-12-31 Se colectarán, según especies, entr e5 y 250 ejemplares Captura para anillamiento Escaso
Zuid-Holland 2012-05-14 2012-07-01 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2012-05-14 2012-07-01 No information available Transport The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2012-05-14 2012-07-01 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zuid-Holland 2012-05-14 2012-07-01 No information available Taking of eggs The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2012-03-25 2013-08-31 License granted for shaking eggs and removal of nests under construction in the residential areas. Killing None
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2012-03-15 2012-07-15 License granted for shaking eggs and removal of nests under construction in the residential area. Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding None
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2012-03-15 2012-07-15 License granted for shaking eggs and removal of nests under construction in the residential area. Taking of eggs None
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Bulgaria 2012-03-15 2013-12-31 The permit allows 20 individuals from each bird species to be caught and ringed. Capture (ringing) No impact
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2012-03-01 2012-07-31 License granted for shaking eggs and removing nests under construction in residential areas. Killing None
Denmark 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences Killing There is no impact on the population
Malta 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Since it was not possible to determine beforehand the number of injured or stranded birds that would be cared for during the year, a limit was not given. Keeping and caring for wounded birds In view that all those birds which are restored to health are returned back into the wild, it is envisaged that this activity would not negatively impact the population.
País Vasco 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 Sin límite, puesto que la actividad autorizada es el anillamiento Captura para anillamiento Inapreciable
Friesland (NL) 2012-01-01 2012-05-31 No information available None No information available
Zeeland 2011-04-01 2013-08-31 No information available Taking of eggs The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Holland 2011-03-01 2012-07-01 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding No information available
Noord-Holland 2011-03-01 2012-07-01 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing No information available
Noord-Holland 2011-03-01 2012-07-01 No information available Taking of eggs No information available
Noord-Holland 2011-03-01 2012-07-01 No information available Destruction, damage to and removal of nests No information available
Denmark 2011-01-01 2011-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. There is no impact on the population.
Noord-Holland 2011-01-01 2015-12-31 No information available Killing No information available
Noord-Holland 2011-01-01 2015-12-31 No information available Deliberate disturbance, scaring away No information available
Noord-Holland 2011-01-01 2013-12-15 No information available Killing Negligible
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2010-04-27 2010-09-30 Limited Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing None
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2010-04-27 2010-09-30 Limited Destruction, damage to and removal of nests None
Prov. Vlaams-Brabant 2010-04-01 2011-03-31 Not known how many birds need to be killed. Killing None
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2010-04-01 2010-09-30 Not known how many nests and eggs. Limited geographical location. Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing None
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2010-04-01 2010-09-30 Not known how many nests and eggs. Limited geographical location. Destruction, damage to and removal of nests None
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2010-04-01 2010-09-30 Not known how many nests and eggs. Limited geographical location. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away None
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2010-04-01 2010-07-15 Not known how many birds will be disturbed. Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing None
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2010-04-01 2010-07-15 Not known how many birds will be disturbed. Falconry None
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2010-04-01 2010-07-15 Not known how many birds will be disturbed. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away None
Friesland (NL) 2010-01-01 2010-12-31 onbekend Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding geen
Denmark 2010-01-01 2010-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. Killing There is no impact on the population.
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2009-06-20 2009-09-20 No limits set Killing None
Prov. West-Vlaanderen 2009-06-20 2009-09-20 No limits set Destruction, damage to and removal of nests None
Denmark 2009-01-01 2009-12-31 There is no predetermined limitation in the granted licences. Killing There is no impact on the population.
Pohjois-Suomi 2008-07-11 2009-10-31 Luvan kattamien lintulajien yksilömäärät vaihtelevat huomattavasti ajallisesti ja on mahdotonta arvioida kuinka moneen yksilöön häirintä kohdistuu Deliberate disturbance, scaring away Ei vaikutusta
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Taking of eggs Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Destruction, damage to and removal of nests Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing Negligible
Noord-Holland 2008-04-15 2013-07-15 No information available Deliberate taking of eggs and destruction, damage to and removal of nests Negligible
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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1050 Copenhagen K
Denmark
Phone: +45 3336 7100