Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Aves > Order: Anseriformes > Family: Anatidae > Genus: Cygnus > Species: Cygnus columbianus > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Cygnus columbianus bewickii (Yarrel, 1830) Cramp, S. & Simmons, K.E.L. (1977)

Bewick's Swan - Cygnus columbianus (Ord, 1815)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Vulnerable (IUCN)
Protected by 3 international agreements

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

The EU conservation status is assessed for species mentioned in the EU Habitats Directive annexes. The EU Habitats Directive does not cover this species.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Bewick's Swan English Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Cigno minore Italian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Cisne Chico Spanish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Cisne-pequeno Portuguese Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Cygne de Bewick French Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kis hattyú Hungarian Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Kleine Zwaan Dutch Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Mindre sångsvan Swedish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Pikkujoutsen Finnish Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Zwergschwan German Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J.
Synonym Author
Anas columbianus Ord, 1815

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EURing code:01530 European bird-ringing
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Population distribution from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

48 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Min / Max (Units) Period Status Quality Source Published
Albania 0/2 (individuals) 1995-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Armenia 50/249 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Austria 1/6 (individuals) - Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Azerbaijan 5/10 (individuals) 1996-2002 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 40/470 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Belgium 95/250 (individuals) 1985-1991 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Bulgaria 0/76 (individuals) 1997-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Bulgaria 0/20 (individuals) 1977-1989 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Cyprus 14/14 (individuals) 2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Czech Republic Continental 0/3 (individuals) - Wintering No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Denmark 150/200 (individuals) 1999-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Denmark 427/427 (individuals) - Wintering No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Denmark - Greenland 0/1 (pairs) 1995-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia 0/10 (individuals) 1998 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Estonia Boreal 0/10 (individuals) - Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
France 45/100 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
France 88/88 (individuals) 1984 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Germany 130/3200 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Germany 100/1500 (individuals) 1986-1990 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Greece 46/46 (individuals) 2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Greece Mediterranean 0/10 (individuals) 1987-1991 Wintering No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Hungary 0/49 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland 347/1034 (individuals) 1994-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ireland Atlantic 2000/2500 (individuals) - Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Latvia 0/10 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Latvia Boreal 0/10 (individuals) 1989 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Lithuania 1/1 (pairs) 1997-2003 Breeding Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Lithuania Boreal 5/10 (individuals) 1990 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Netherlands 14000/14000 (individuals) 1999-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Netherlands Atlantic 3000/10000 (individuals) 1979-1983 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Norway 22/56 (individuals) 1991-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 1/30 (individuals) 1995-2000 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Poland 0/80 (individuals) - Wintering No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Romania 1/6 (individuals) 1990-2000 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Romania 0/4 (individuals) - Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Russian Federation 9000/11000 (pairs) 1990-2000 Breeding Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Russian Federation 0/100 (individuals) - Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Slovakia 0/4 (individuals) 1990-1999 Wintering Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Slovakia 0/2 (individuals) - Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Spain 0/2 (individuals) - Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Sweden 0/10 (individuals) 1998-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 0/10 (individuals) 1998-2002 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Switzerland 0/6 (individuals) 1981-1991 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Turkey 80/160 (individuals) 1991-2001 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 50/249 (individuals) 1994 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
Ukraine 30/50 (individuals) 1988 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
United Kingdom 8200/8200 (individuals) 1994-1999 Wintering Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004-01-01
United Kingdom 6600/6600 (individuals) 1988 Wintering Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994-01-01
Source: BirdLife International

Population trends from "Birds in Europe" editions 1 and 2

These publications present a thorough and detailed review of the conservation status of European birds. Based on detailed breeding and wintering population data collected in each country, the report provides a review of the population sizes and trends of Species of European Conservation Concern.

48 items found, displaying all items.1
Country Biogeographic region Period Status Trend Quality Source Published
Albania 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Armenia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Austria 1970-1990 Wintering New breeder within the period Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Azerbaijan 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Belgium 1970-1990 Wintering Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Bulgaria 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Bulgaria 1970-1990 Wintering Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Cyprus 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing but of unknown magnitude Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Czech Republic Continental 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Denmark 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Denmark - Greenland 1990-2000 Breeding Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing but of unknown magnitude Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Estonia Boreal 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
France 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
France 1970-1990 Wintering Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Germany 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Germany 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Greece 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Greece Mediterranean 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Hungary 1990-2000 Wintering Fluctuating : 80 % Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing between 50% to 79% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ireland Atlantic 1970-1990 Wintering Small decrease of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Latvia 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Latvia Boreal 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Lithuania 1990-2000 Breeding Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Lithuania Boreal 1970-1990 Wintering Small increase of 20-49% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Netherlands 1990-2000 Wintering Decreasing : 49 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Netherlands Atlantic 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Norway 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Poland 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Romania 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Romania 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Russian Federation 1990-2000 Breeding Increasing between 20% to 29% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Russian Federation 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Slovakia 1990-2000 Wintering Unknown Species poorly known, with no quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Slovakia 1970-1990 Wintering Information not available Information not available Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Spain 1970-1990 Wintering Fluctuating with changes of at least 20%, but no clear trend No qualification Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Sweden 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Switzerland 1970-1990 Wintering Stable, or change of less than 20% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Turkey 1990-2000 Wintering Stable between 0% to 19% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1990-2000 Wintering Increasing between 20% to 29% Species generally well known, but only poor or incomplete quantitative data available Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
Ukraine 1970-1990 Wintering Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
United Kingdom 1990-2000 Wintering Stable : 3 % Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 2 (1990-2000) 2004
United Kingdom 1970-1990 Wintering Small increase of 20-49% Reliable quantitative data (e.g. atlas survey or monitoring data, etc.) are available for the whole period and region in question Birds in Europe 1 (1970-1990) 1994
Source: BirdLife International

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

4 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2015-09-30 Poland National Report on Derogation under the Birds Directive 2014 birds_directive_2014
2015-04-16 Netherlands Birds Directive Derogations 2013 NL_BD2013.xml
2015-02-23 Germany Birds Derogation 2013 Germany Birds_2013_GER.xml
2010-12-09 Belgium Derogations Belgium 2007-2008 derogations2007_VL.xml

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

8 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Poland 2014-06-01 2015-05-31 It is not possible to determine the number of individuals Capture (ringing) None
Poland 2014-05-15 2017-06-30 Multi-spieces - unable to percise Deliberate disturbance, scaring away None
Zachodniopomorskie 2014-05-15 2017-06-30 Multi-spieces - unable to percise Deliberate disturbance, scaring away None
Zuid-Holland 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Zeeland 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Noord-Brabant 2013-04-01 2018-04-01 No information available Unavoidable disturbance due to construction activities The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Lubuskie 2013-02-19 2015-12-31 Number of individuals impossible to define for disturbance. Deliberate disturbance, scaring away no impact on Populations.
Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 2013-01-01 2013-31-12 keine Vogaben Fang zur Beringung keine
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