Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Carnivora > Family: Felidae > Genus: Felis > Species: Felis silvestris > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Felis silvestris cretensis Haltenorth, 1953 Corbet G B. (1978)
Felis silvestris grampia Miller, 1907
Felis silvestris lybica Forster, 1780 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Felis silvestris silvestris Schreber, 1775 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Felis silvestris tartessia Miller, 1907 Fauna Europaea (2005)

Wildcat - Felis silvestris Schreber, 1777

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Atlantic - Unfavourable-Bad
Black Sea - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Continental - Favourable
Mediterranean - Favourable
Pannonian - Unfavourable-Inadequate
Steppic - Favourable
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 3 other international agreements
Most preferred habitats
  • heathland and shrub
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • grassland
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code 1363

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) http://www.cites.org/eng
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...s/legislation_en.htm

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Chat sauvage French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Evrópski villiköttur Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gato montés Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gato-bravo Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gato-cabeçanas Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gatto selvatico Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Macja e eger Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Metsäkissa Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Metskass Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vadmacska Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vildkat Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vildkatt Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Villkatt Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vilpišys Lithuanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wëll Kaz Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wildcat English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wilde kat Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wildkatze German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Yaban kedisi Turkish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
zbik Polish Polish NRC
Synonym Author
Catus ferox Martoreli, 1896
Felis sylvestris Pocock, 1907
Felis (Catus) silvestris Schreber, 1777

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

64 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2016-02-25 Germany Habitat Derogation 2013_2014 Habitat_2013_2014_GER.xml
2015-12-16 Portugal PT_Habitats_2013_2014_correct file habides_export.xml
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Alsace
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Aquitaine
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Champagne Ardennes
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Franche Comté
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Lorraine
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Midi Pyrénées
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Nord Pas de Calais
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files PACA
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Picardie
2015-12-11 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Poitou Charentes
2015-11-18 Netherlands Habitats Directive Derogations 2013-2014 HD_derogations2013_2014_NL.xml
2015-10-16 Italy Habitat derogation 2013-2014 Habides + Habitat xml
2015-10-09 Czech Republic Report according to Art. 16.2 of the Habitats Directive - CZ 2013-2014 Report according to Art. 16.2 of the Habitats Directive - CZ 2013-2014
2015-09-29 Slovakia Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive - years 2013 - 2014 Derogations reporting under the article 16 Habitats Directive - years 2013 - 2014
2015-09-18 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2013 DREAL_LOR_habides_export_habitats_2013.xml
2015-09-18 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2013 DREAL_FC_habides_habitats_2013.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 AUVERGNE_habides_habitat.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 FRANCHE-COMTE_habides_habitat_2012.xml
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 LORRAINE_Habitats.xml
2015-07-31 Greece Habitats Directive Article 17 29_12_2014 submission GR GR_species_reports-15723-10453.xml
2015-02-24 Germany Habitat Derogation 2011_2012 Germany Habitat_2011_2012_GER.xml
2014-11-14 Slovenia Derogations 2013 Derogations 2013
2014-10-30 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2014-03-11 Italy Habitat derogation report 2011-2012 Habitat derogation report 2011-2012
2014-01-08 Luxembourg Article 17 report 92/43/CEE 2007_2012 Luxembourg LU_species_reports-13823-134519.xml
2014-01-07 Hungary HU_Art_17_report_2013_second round_10_31 HU_species_report_art17
2014-01-04 Romania RO Art.17 2007-2012 Report from 31 December 2013 RO_species_reports.xml
2013-12-27 Bulgaria BG_habitats_report_2007-2012 Species reports
2013-12-17 Slovakia Art 17 report for the period 2007 - 2012 - second delivery SK_species_reports-131217-132945.xml
2013-12-10 Portugal PT_Habitats_2011_2012 PT_Habitats_2011_2012
2013-12-09 Poland Habitats Directive Art. 17 Report PL_species_reports.xml
2013-12-04 Italy 3rd Italian national report 2013 IT_species_reports.xml
2013-11-20 Slovenia Report 2011-2012 derogations 2011 - 2012
2013-10-10 United Kingdom Habitats Directive Article 17 2013 2nd submission UK GB_species_reports-13925-15297.xml
2013-09-30 Romania Habitats directive national report 2011-2012 Habitats_Directive_derogation_report_2011-2012.xml
2013-09-18 Portugal Relatorio nacional sobre a implementacao da Directiva Habitats 2013 PT_species_reports.xml
2013-09-16 Belgium Second Release Art17 Belgium BE_species_reports-13916-154440.xml
2013-09-11 Spain Habitats Directive: Report Art.17 2007-2012 ES_species_reports
2013-08-23 Czech Republic CZ_Rep_HDArt17_2013_2nd_submission:corrected CZ_species_reports.xml
2011-12-12 Italy Habitat Derogation Report 2009-2010 habitat derogation report 2009-2010
2011-11-11 Bulgaria Report Habitat Directive_2009-2010. Habitats_09-10.
2011-10-17 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives (2009-2010) habitat derogations
2011-09-30 Romania habitats report 2009-2010 habitats derogations 2009-2010
2011-01-17 Luxembourg LU 2007-2008 habitats directive derogations Habitats Species Report LU 2007-2008
2010-09-27 Italy Habitats Derogations 2007-2008 Habitats Derogations 2007-2008
2010-09-07 Italy Habitats derogations Report 2007-2008 Report 2007-2008
2009-12-30 Romania Habitats report 2007-2008 habitats report
2008-07-07 Spain Spain's delivery of 3 July Felis silvestris
2008-04-10 Germany German national report Felis silvestris
2008-03-21 Slovenia Article 17 Report Felis silvestris
2008-03-05 Italy Italy Felis silvestris
2008-03-04 Hungary delivery_report_art_17_HU Felis silvestris
2008-02-28 France rapport France Felis silvestris
2008-02-25 United Kingdom UK_submission Felis silvestris
2008-02-25 Portugal Relatório nacional sobre a implementação da Directiva Habitats Species questionnaire for Felis silvestris
2008-02-22 Greece Hellas Species questionnaire for Felis silvestris
2008-02-22 Slovakia report under habitats directive Felis silvestris
2008-01-16 Belgium Natura 2000 habitat report Species questionnaire for Felis silvestris
2008-01-15 Luxembourg Article 17 report 92/43/CEE Luxembourg Species questionnaire for Felis silvestris
2007-10-01 Czech Republic Species and Habitats Species questionnaire for Felis silvestris
2007-10-01 Poland Report on Implementation Measures Species questionnaire for Felis silvestris

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

42 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, vyplývá z dílčích projektů schvalovaných pro každý rok Odchyt (kroužkování) nevýznamné
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, vyplývá z dílčích projektů schvalovaných pro každý rok Přeprava nevýznamné
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, vyplývá z dílčích projektů schvalovaných pro každý rok rušení jedinců nevýznamné
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, vyplývá z dílčích projektů schvalovaných pro každý rok Odchyt /lov se sítí nevýznamné
Jihozápad 2014-12-02 2020-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, vyplývá z dílčích projektů schvalovaných pro každý rok Odchyt nevýznamné
Marche 2014-11-18 2014-12-31 6 individuals in the period 2014-2017 Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Marche 2014-11-18 2014-12-31 6 individuals in the period 2014-2017 Measurements, blood sampling and radio-tagging No evidence of a significant impact
Lazio 2014-11-18 2014-12-31 6 individuals in the period 2014-2017 Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Lazio 2014-11-18 2014-12-31 6 individuals in the period 2014-2017 Measurements, blood sampling and radio-tagging No evidence of a significant impact
Abruzzo 2014-11-18 2014-12-31 6 individuals in the period 2014-2017 Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Abruzzo 2014-11-18 2014-12-31 6 individuals in the period 2014-2017 Measurements, blood sampling and radio-tagging No evidence of a significant impact
Severozápad 2014-07-22 2024-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, jaké budou počty handicapovaných jedinců, kteří budou potřebovat deponaci v záchranné stanici Přeprava pozitivní (ochrana druhů)
Severozápad 2014-07-22 2024-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, jaké budou počty handicapovaných jedinců, kteří budou potřebovat deponaci v záchranné stanici Odchyt pro držení v zajetí pozitivní (ochrana druhů)
Severozápad 2014-07-22 2024-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, jaké budou počty handicapovaných jedinců, kteří budou potřebovat deponaci v záchranné stanici usmrcování v případě stavu jedince neslučitelném se životem pozitivní (ochrana druhů)
Severozápad 2014-07-22 2024-12-31 nelze dopředu odhadnout, jaké budou počty handicapovaných jedinců, kteří budou potřebovat deponaci v záchranné stanici Odchyt pozitivní (ochrana druhů)
Limburg (NL) 2014-03-12 2016-03-31 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Limburg (NL) 2014-03-12 2016-03-31 No information available Transport The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Limburg (NL) 2014-03-12 2016-03-31 No information available Capture The national conservation status of the species concerned is not affected, neither is the local population, as long as the activities are carried out in accordance with the conditions and measures that are bound to the exemption.
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2014-01-01 2014-12-31 Measurements, blood sampling and radio-tagging No evidence of a significant impact
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 licensed 10 individuals for the period 2011-13 Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2013-01-01 2013-12-31 licensed 10 individuals for the period 2011-13 Measurements, blood sampling and radio-tagging No evidence of a significant impact
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Capture aucun
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Deterioration of breeding sites aucun
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Deterioration of resting places aucun
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Destruction of breeding sites aucun
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Destruction of resting places aucun
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Deliberate destruction of eggs from the wild aucun
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Deliberate uprooting in the wild aucun
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Killing aucun
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Deliberate disturbance during the period of breeding aucun
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Deliberate disturbance during the period of rearing aucun
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Deliberate disturbance during the period of hibernation aucun
Lorraine 2012-02-07 2015-12-31 Variable sur les espèces concernés Deliberate disturbance during the migration period aucun
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 licensed 10 individuals for the period 2011-13 Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2012-01-01 2012-12-31 licensed 10 individuals for the period 2011-13 Measurements, blood sampling and radio-tagging No evidence of a significant impact
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2011-01-14 2011-12-31 licensed 10 individuals for the period 2011-13 Capture No evidence of a significant impact
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2011-01-14 2011-12-31 licensed 10 individuals for the period 2011-13 Measurements, blood sampling and radio-tagging No evidence of a significant impact
Slovenia 2010-06-23 2015-12-31 neomejeno število mrtvih živali je dovoljeno odvzeti iz narave Keeping of dead species ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-06-23 2015-12-31 neomejeno število mrtvih živali je dovoljeno odvzeti iz narave Keeping of dead species ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 neomejeno število mrtvih živali je dovoljeno odvzeti iz narave Keeping of dead species ni vpliva na populacijo
Slovenia 2010-05-12 2060-05-12 neomejeno število mrtvih živali je dovoljeno odvzeti iz narave Keeping of dead species ni vpliva na populacijo
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