Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Mammalia > Order: Carnivora > Family: Felidae > Genus: Felis > Species: Felis silvestris > See subspecies
Scientific name Source
Felis silvestris cretensis Haltenorth, 1953 Corbet G B. (1978)
Felis silvestris grampia Miller, 1907
Felis silvestris lybica Forster, 1780 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Felis silvestris silvestris Schreber, 1775 Fauna Europaea (2005)
Felis silvestris tartessia Miller, 1907 Fauna Europaea (2005)

Wildcat - Felis silvestris Schreber, 1777

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Alpine - Poor
Atlantic - Bad
Black Sea - Poor
Continental - Poor
Mediterranean - Unknown
Pannonian - Bad
Steppic - Good
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 3 other international agreements
Most preferred habitats
  • heathland and shrub
  • woodland and forest
May also occur in
  • agricultural mosaics
  • cropland
  • grassland
  • sparsely vegetated land
Natura 2000 species code 1363


The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2013-2018 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Not available

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention)
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES)
Commission regulation (EU) No 1320/2014, of 1 December 2014, amending Council Regulation (EC) No 338/97 on the protection of species of wild fauna and flora by regulating trade therein (EU regulation of trade of fauna and flora)

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Chat sauvage French Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Evrópski villiköttur Icelandic Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gato montés Spanish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gato-bravo Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gato-cabeçanas Portuguese Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Gatto selvatico Italian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Macja e eger Albanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Metsäkissa Finnish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Metskass Estonian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vadmacska Hungarian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vildkat Danish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vildkatt Swedish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Villkatt Norwegian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Vilpišys Lithuanian Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wëll Kaz Luxemburgish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wildcat English Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wilde kat Dutch Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Wildkatze German Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
Yaban kedisi Turkish Mitchell-Jones, A.J. & al.
zbik Polish Polish NRC
Synonym Author
Catus ferox Martoreli, 1896
Felis sylvestris Pocock, 1907
Felis (Catus) silvestris Schreber, 1777

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
EoL Encyclopedia of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Species+ Species+ by UNEP-WCMC
Wikipedia Wikipedia

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

29 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2015-07-31 Greece Habitats Directive Article 17 29_12_2014 submission GR GR_species_reports-15723-10453.xml
2014-01-08 Luxembourg Article 17 report 92/43/CEE 2007_2012 Luxembourg LU_species_reports-13823-134519.xml
2014-01-07 Hungary HU_Art_17_report_2013_second round_10_31 HU_species_report_art17
2014-01-04 Romania RO Art.17 2007-2012 Report from 31 December 2013 RO_species_reports.xml
2013-12-27 Bulgaria BG_habitats_report_2007-2012 Species reports
2013-12-20 Germany German national report 2013 DE_species_reports.xml
2013-12-17 Slovakia Art 17 report for the period 2007 - 2012 - second delivery SK_species_reports-131217-132945.xml
2013-12-16 Slovenia SI_Article_17_Report_2013_2nd_submission SI_species_reports-131216-13555.xml
2013-12-09 Poland Habitats Directive Art. 17 Report PL_species_reports.xml
2013-12-04 Italy 3rd Italian national report 2013 IT_species_reports.xml
2013-10-10 United Kingdom Habitats Directive Article 17 2013 2nd submission UK GB_species_reports-13925-15297.xml
2013-09-18 France Rapport France 2013 FR_species_reports.xml
2013-09-18 Portugal Relatorio nacional sobre a implementacao da Directiva Habitats 2013 PT_species_reports.xml
2013-09-16 Belgium Second Release Art17 Belgium BE_species_reports-13916-154440.xml
2013-09-11 Spain Habitats Directive: Report Art.17 2007-2012 ES_species_reports
2013-08-23 Czechia CZ_Rep_HDArt17_2013_2nd_submission:corrected CZ_species_reports.xml
2008-07-07 Spain Spain's delivery of 3 July Felis silvestris
2008-04-10 Germany German national report Felis silvestris
2008-03-21 Slovenia Article 17 Report Felis silvestris
2008-03-05 Italy Italy Felis silvestris
2008-03-04 Hungary delivery_report_art_17_HU Felis silvestris
2008-02-28 France rapport France Felis silvestris
2008-02-25 United Kingdom UK_submission Felis silvestris
2008-02-22 Greece Hellas Species questionnaire for Felis silvestris
2008-02-22 Slovakia report under habitats directive Felis silvestris
2008-01-16 Belgium Natura 2000 habitat report Species questionnaire for Felis silvestris
2008-01-15 Luxembourg Article 17 report 92/43/CEE Luxembourg Species questionnaire for Felis silvestris
2007-10-01 Poland Report on Implementation Measures Species questionnaire for Felis silvestris
2007-10-01 Czechia Species and Habitats Species questionnaire for Felis silvestris
European Environment Agency (EEA)
Kongens Nytorv 6
1050 Copenhagen K
Phone: +45 3336 7100