Kingdom: Animalia > Phylum: Chordata > Class: Actinopterygii > Order: Clupeiformes > Family: Clupeidae > Genus: Alosa > Species: Alosa alosa

Allis shad - Alosa alosa (Linnaeus, 1758)

Images from the web

Quick facts

Threat status Europe Least Concern (IUCN)
EU conservation status by biogeographical region Atlantic - Unfavourable-Bad
Continental - Unfavourable-Bad
Mediterranean - Unfavourable-Bad
Protected by EU Habitats Directive and 4 other international agreements
Natura 2000 sites 166 are designated for this species
Most preferred habitats
  • coastal
  • marine inlets and transitional waters
  • rivers and lakes
  • shelf
Natura 2000 species code 1102

Distribution

The distribution map is currently disabled. A new map solution will soon become available. In the meantime, please consult other species distribution map providers listed in the Other resources panel below.

Threat and conservation status

IUCN Red List status of threatened species

The IUCN Red List threat status assesses the risk of extinction.

IUCN Red List Category
Not Evaluated
Near Threatened
Regionally Extinct
Not Applicable
Vulnerable
Extinct in the Wild
Data Deficient
Endangered
Extinct
Least Concern
Critically Endangered

EU conservation status

Conservation status assesses every six years and for each biogeographical region the condition of habitats and species compared to the favourable status as described in the Habitats Directive. The map shows the 2007-2012 assessments as reported by EU Member State. Assessments are further detailed in the summary document available behind the link below.

Natura 2000 sites

Protected in the following Natura 2000 sites

Sitecode Country Site name Action
DE5914303 Germany Rheinniederung Mainz-Bingen Map
DE6416301 Germany Rheinniederung Ludwigshafen-Worms Map
DE6716301 Germany Rheinniederung Germersheim-Speyer Map
DE6816301 Germany Hördter Rheinaue Map
DE6915301 Germany Rheinniederung Neuburg-Wörth Map
DK00CY163 Denmark Ringkøbing Fjord og Nymindestrømmen Map
DK00FX122 Denmark Ålborg Bugt, Randers Fjord og Mariager Fjord Map
ES0000024 Spain Doñana Map
ES0000051 Spain Sierra de Aracena y Picos de Aroche Map
ES0000085 Spain Ribadeo Map
ES0000087 Spain Complexo intermareal Umia - O Grove, A Lanzada, punta Carreirón e lagoa Bodeira Map
ES0000143 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel y Ría de Ajo Map
ES0000243 Spain Txingudi Map
ES0000317 Spain Penarronda-Barayo Map
ES0000319 Spain Ría de Ribadesella-Ría de Tinamayor Map
ES0000328 Spain Embalse de Montijo Map
ES0000375 Spain Esteiro do Miño Map
ES0000393 Spain Azud de Badajoz Map
ES0000399 Spain Embalse del Zujar Map
ES1120002 Spain Río Eo Map
ES1140001 Spain Sistema fluvial Ulla - Deza Map
ES1140004 Spain Complexo Ons - O Grove Map
ES1140007 Spain Baixo Miño Map
ES1200023 Spain Río Eo (Asturias) Map
ES1200025 Spain Río Navia Map
ES1200029 Spain Río Nalón Map
ES1200032 Spain Río Sella Map
ES1200035 Spain Río Cares-Deva Map
ES1300007 Spain Marismas de Santoña, Victoria y Joyel Map
ES1300011 Spain Río Asón Map
ES2120010 Spain Oriako itsasadarra / Ría del Oria Map
ES2120015 Spain Urumea ibaia / Río Urumea Map
ES2120016 Spain Aiako harria Map
ES2120018 Spain Txingudi-Bidasoa Map
ES2200014 Spain Río Bidasoa Map
FR2300121 France Estuaire de la Seine Map
FR2300122 France Marais Vernier, Risle Maritime Map
FR2400522 France Vallées de la Loire et de l'Allier Map
FR2400528 France Vallée de la Loire de Tavers à Belleville-sur-Loire Map
FR2400536 France Vallée de la Creuse et affluents Map
FR2400548 France La Loire de Candes Saint Martin à Mosnes Map
FR2400565 France Vallée de la Loire de Mosnes à Tavers Map
FR2500077 France Baie du mont Saint-Michel Map
FR2500079 France Chausey Map
FR2500088 France Marais du Cotentin et du Bessin - Baie des Veys Map
FR2600965 France Vallée de la Loire entre Fourchambault et Neuvy-sur-Loire Map
FR2600966 France Vallée de la Loire entre Imphy et Decize Map
FR2600968 France Bec d'Allier Map
FR2600969 France Val d'Allier Bourguignon Map
FR4201797 France Secteur Alluvial Rhin-Ried-Bruch, Bas-Rhin Map
FR5200621 France Estuaire de la Loire Map
FR5200622 France Vallée de la Loire de Nantes aux Ponts-de-Cé et ses annexes Map
FR5200625 France Lac de Grand-Lieu Map
FR5200629 France Vallée de la Loire des Ponts-de-Cé à Montsoreau Map
FR5200630 France Basses vallées angevines, aval de la rivière Mayenne et prairies de la Baumette Map
FR5200659 France Marais Poitevin Map
FR5300002 France Marais de Vilaine Map
FR5300006 France Rivière Elle Map
FR5300008 France Rivière Leguer, forêts de Beffou, Coat an Noz et Coat an Hay Map
FR5300010 France Tregor Goëlo Map
FR5300012 France Baie de Lancieux, Baie de l'Arguenon, Archipel de Saint Malo et Dinard Map
FR5300015 France Baie de Morlaix Map
FR5300024 France Rivière Elorn Map
FR5300026 France Rivière Scorff, Forêt de Pont Calleck, Rivière Sarre Map
FR5300028 France Ria d'Etel Map
FR5300029 France Golfe du Morbihan, côte ouest de Rhuys Map
FR5300030 France Rivière de Penerf, marais de Suscinio Map
FR5300034 France Estuaire de la Vilaine Map
FR5300041 France Vallée de l'Aulne Map
FR5300046 France Rade de Brest, estuaire de l'Aulne Map
FR5300059 France Rivière Laïta, Pointe du Talud, étangs du Loc'h et de Lannenec Map
FR5300061 France Estuaire de la Rance Map
FR5400430 France Vallée de la Charente (basse vallée) Map
FR5400446 France Marais Poitevin Map
FR5400469 France Pertuis Charentais Map
FR5400472 France Moyenne vallée de la Charente et Seugnes et Coran Map
FR7200660 France La Dordogne Map
FR7200661 France Vallée de l'Isle de Périgueux à sa confluence avec la Dordogne Map
FR7200662 France Vallée de la Dronne de Brantôme à sa confluence avec l'Isle Map
FR7200668 France La Vézère Map
FR7200683 France Marais du Haut Médoc Map
FR7200700 France La Garonne Map
FR7200724 France L'Adour Map
FR7200785 France La Nivelle (estuaire, barthes et cours d'eau) Map
FR7200786 France La Nive Map
FR7300898 France Vallée de la Dordogne quercynoise Map
FR7301822 France Garonne, Ariège, Hers, Salat, Pique et Neste Map
FR8301015 France Vallée de l'Allier nord Map
FR8301016 France Vallée de l'Allier sud Map
FR8301032 France Zones alluviales de la confluence Dore-Allier Map
FR8301038 France Val d'Allier - Alagnon Map
FR8301072 France Val d'Allier Limagne Brivadoise Map
IE0000781 Ireland Slaney River Valley SAC Map
IE0002137 Ireland Lower River Suir SAC Map
IE0002162 Ireland River Barrow and River Nore SAC Map
IE0002170 Ireland Blackwater River (Cork/Waterford) SAC Map
NL1000015 Netherlands Haringvliet Map
NL2003021 Netherlands Hollands Diep Map
NL3000040 Netherlands Biesbosch Map
NL4000017 Netherlands Voordelta Map
NL9801024 Netherlands Gelderse Poort Map
PTCON0019 Portugal Rio Minho Map
PTCON0020 Portugal Rio Lima Map
PTCON0039 Portugal Serra D'Arga Map
PTZPE0001 Portugal Estuários dos Rios Minho e Coura Map
PTZPE0004 Portugal Ria de Aveiro Map
PTZPE0010 Portugal Estuário do Tejo Map
PTZPE0015 Portugal Costa Sudoeste Map
PTZPE0017 Portugal Ria Formosa Map
PTZPE0047 Portugal Vale do Guadiana Map
UK0012642 United Kingdom River Wye/ Afon Gwy Map
UK0012643 United Kingdom River Eden Map
UK0012691 United Kingdom River Tweed Map
UK0012712 United Kingdom Cardigan Bay/ Bae Ceredigion Map
UK0013007 United Kingdom River Usk/ Afon Wysg Map
UK0013010 United Kingdom Afon Tywi/ River Tywi Map
UK0013025 United Kingdom Solway Firth Map
UK0013111 United Kingdom Plymouth Sound and Estuaries Map
UK0013112 United Kingdom Fal and Helford Map
UK0013116 United Kingdom Pembrokeshire Marine/ Sir Benfro Forol Map
UK0013117 United Kingdom Pen Llyn a`r Sarnau/ Lleyn Peninsula and the Sarnau Map
UK0013690 United Kingdom Essex Estuaries Map
UK0020020 United Kingdom Carmarthen Bay and Estuaries/ Bae Caerfyrddin ac Aberoedd Map
UK0030074 United Kingdom Afonydd Cleddau/ Cleddau Rivers Map
UK0030202 United Kingdom Y Fenai a Bae Conwy/ Menai Strait and Conwy Bay Map
ES4310059 Spain Río Gevora Bajo Map
ES6150018 Spain Río Guadiana y Ribera de Chanza Map
DE6616304 Germany Rheinniederung Speyer-Ludwigshafen Map
PTCON0026 Portugal Rio Vouga Map
DE2935306 Germany Elbe Map
ES4310026 Spain Río Guadiana Alto - Zujar Map
DE7214341 Germany Rheinniederung von Lichtenau bis Iffezheim Map
PTCON0032 Portugal Rio Guadiana/Juromenha Map
DE7313341 Germany Westliches Hanauer Land Map
DE6716341 Germany Rheinniederung von Philippsburg bis Mannheim Map
ES6150010 Spain Andévalo Occidental Map
ES6170016 Spain Valle del Río del Genal Map
DE5914351 Germany Wanderfischgebiete im Rhein Map
DE6116304 Germany Oberrhein von Worms bis Mainz Map
UK0030170 United Kingdom Humber Estuary Map
DE4405301 Germany Rhein-Fischschutzzonen zwischen Emmerich und Bad Honnef Map
DE6816341 Germany Rheinniederung von Karlsruhe bis Philippsburg Map
DE7015341 Germany Rheinniederung zwischen Wintersdorf und Karlsruhe Map
ES4310027 Spain Río Guadiana Internacional Map
UK0013030 United Kingdom Severn Estuary/ Môr Hafren Map
PTCON0036 Portugal Guadiana Map
ES6150014 Spain Marismas y Riberas del Tinto Map
PTCON0009 Portugal Estuário do Tejo Map
FR7200677 France Estuaire de la Gironde Map
ES6150019 Spain Bajo Guadalquivir Map
DE6116350 Germany Kühkopf-Knoblochsaue Map
PTCON0013 Portugal Ria Formosa/Castro Marim Map
DE5510301 Germany Mittelrhein Map
FR3102005 France Baie de Canche et couloir des trois estuaires Map
FR5202012 France Estuaire de la Loire Sud - Baie de Bourgneuf Map
FR2502020 France Baie de Seine occidentale Map
FR7200811 France Panache de la Gironde et plateau rocheux de Cordouan (Système Pertuis Gironde) Map
FR5202011 France Estuaire de la Loire Nord Map
FR2502021 France Baie de Seine orientale Map
FR7200813 France Côte basque rocheuse et extension au large Map
ES1200016 Spain Ría del Eo Map
FR2601017 France Bords de Loire entre Iguerande et Decize Map
ES4310074 Spain Arroyos Cabriles y Friegamuñoz Map
ES4310075 Spain Rivera de Taliga Map
NL2014067 Netherlands Rijntakken Map
ESZZ12002 Spain Volcanes de fango del Golfo de Cádiz Map

Protected sites

Please note the site map takes a while to display.

Legal status

Legal text Annex Conditions More information
Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora - consolidated version 01/01/2007 (EU Habitats Directive) (Alosa spp.) http://ec.europa.eu/environm...rective/index_en.htm
(Alosa spp.)
Convention on the conservation of European wildlife and natural habitats (Bern Convention) http://www.coe.int/t/dg4/cul.../bern/default_en.asp
https://wcd.coe.int/ViewDoc....ckColorLogged=FDC864

Resolution No. 6 (1998) of the Bern Convention lists the species requiring specific habitat conservation measures [and the designation of Areas of Special Conservation Interest (ASCIs) forming for the Emerald network]
Barcelona Convention Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean (SPA/BD Protocol) http://rac-spa.org/protocol

http://rac-spa.org/sites/def...sion_ig_19_12_en.pdf
Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic ("OSPAR Convention") (OSPAR Convention) http://www.ospar.org/content...240000_000000_000000

Common names and synonyms

Common Name Language Reference
Agone Italian Fishbase
Allis shad English Fishbase
Alosa Italian Fishbase
Alosa adevarata Romanian Fishbase
Alose French Fishbase
Alose vraie French Fishbase
Aloza finta Polish Fishbase
Alse German Fishbase
Atlantska lojka Serbian Fishbase
Cepa Serbian Fishbase
Coulaca French Fishbase
Coulacqua French Fishbase
Eilft German Fishbase
Elft Dutch Fishbase
Grande alose French Fishbase
Groote meifisch Dutch Fishbase
Lacca (pl. Lacc/Lacci) Maltese Fishbase
Maifisch German Fishbase
Maifisk Norwegian Fishbase
Maisild Norwegian Fishbase
Majfisk Swedish Fishbase
Majsild Danish Fishbase
Mayfish English Fishbase
Mecheuisch German Fishbase
Pilkkusilli Finnish Fishbase
Placka pomoranská Czech Fishbase
Poisson de mai French Fishbase
Sabalo Spanish Fishbase
Sábalo común Spanish Fishbase
Sabre French Fishbase
Samborca Spanish Fishbase
Sável Portuguese Fishbase
Scrumbie de mare Romanian Fishbase
Stamsill Swedish Fishbase
Tirsi Turkish Fishbase
Synonym Author
Alausa vulgaris Valenciennes, 1847
Alosa communis Yarrell, 1836
Alosa cuvierii Malm, 1877
Alosa vulgaris Moreau, 1881
Clupea alosa Linnaeus, 1758
Alosa rusa Mauduyt, 1848
Alosa alosa alosa (Linnaeus, 1758)
Alosa cuvieri Malm, 1877

Other resources

CoL (accepted name) Catalogue of Life
Fauna Europaea Fauna Europaea
FishBase FishBase
GBIF Global Biodiversity Information Facility
Habitats Directive Art. 17-2006 summary
ITIS (Valid name) Interagency Taxonomic Information System
NCBI search National Center for Biotechnology Information
PESI (Accepted) Pan-European Species directories Infrastructure
Wikipedia Wikipedia
WoRMS World Register of Marine Species

External data

Reportnet deliveries

Files delivered through Reportnet with relevance to this species.

24 items found, displaying all items.1
Released Coverage Envelope File
2015-12-15 Portugal PT_Habitats_2013_2014_correct file habides_export.xml
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Auvergne
2015-12-10 France France reporting Habitas Directive 2014 corrected files Centre Val de Loire
2015-11-03 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2011 Dérogations région Aquitaine
2015-09-17 France FRANCE Rapport art 16 Directive Habitat 92/43/CEE année 2012 AQUITAINE-habides_export_habitats.xml
2014-10-29 Poland National Report on Derogations under the Birds and Habitats Directives Habitats and Birds Derogations Report
2013-12-09 Portugal PT_Habitats_2011_2012 PT_Habitats_2011_2012
2013-12-08 Poland Habitats Directive Art. 17 Report PL_species_reports.xml
2013-10-10 United Kingdom Habitats Directive Article 17 2013 2nd submission UK GB_species_reports-13925-15297.xml
2013-09-18 Portugal Relatorio nacional sobre a implementacao da Directiva Habitats 2013 PT_species_reports.xml
2013-09-11 Spain Habitats Directive: Report Art.17 2007-2012 ES_species_reports
2012-12-09 Portugal envumx3mg PT_Habitats_2009_2010.xml
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 92/43/EEC: Derogation under Article 16: Report by the UK for 2009-2010 CCW contribution to 92/43/EEC Article 16 UK Report
2011-11-10 United Kingdom Directive 92/43/EEC: Derogation under Article 16: Report by the UK for 2009-2010 NE contribution to 92/43/EEC Article 16 UK Report
2008-07-07 Spain Spain's delivery of 3 July Alosa alosa
2008-04-10 Germany German national report Alosa alosa
2008-03-16 Netherlands NL Report HR 2007 Alosa alosa
2008-03-04 Italy Italy Alosa alosa
2008-02-27 France rapport France Alosa alosa
2008-02-25 Denmark DK Species questionnaire for Alosa alosa
2008-02-24 United Kingdom UK_submission Alosa alosa
2008-02-24 Portugal Relatório nacional sobre a implementação da Directiva Habitats Species questionnaire for Alosa alosa
2008-01-10 Ireland Habitats Directive Article 17 report Alosa alosa
2007-10-01 Poland Report on Implementation Measures Species questionnaire for Alosa alosa

Summary of derogations for species

EU member states are required to report derogations from protection efforts of species.

9 items found, displaying all items.1
Region From Until Justification Activity Impact
Zachodniopomorskie 2012-04-06 2014-12-31 Unknown number of by-catch. Collecting dead specimens. None, because fish came from by-catch.
Warminsko-Mazurskie 2012-04-06 2014-12-31 Unknown number of by-catch. Collecting dead specimens. None, because fish came from by-catch.
Pomorskie 2012-04-06 2014-12-31 Unknown number of by-catch. Collecting dead specimens. None, because fish came from by-catch.
United Kingdom 2010-05-12 2010-07-31 No restrictions Capture Negligible. No projected impact. Alosa alosa population unknown. Surveys were undertaken, eggs were noted as present or absent in the report, no actual numbers were noted
United Kingdom 2010-05-12 2010-07-31 No restrictions Destruction of breeding sites Negligible. No projected impact. Alosa alosa population unknown. Surveys were undertaken, eggs were noted as present or absent in the report, no actual numbers were noted
United Kingdom 2010-05-12 2010-07-31 No restrictions Destruction of resting places Negligible. No projected impact. Alosa alosa population unknown. Surveys were undertaken, eggs were noted as present or absent in the report, no actual numbers were noted
United Kingdom 2010-04-01 2012-03-31 No restrictions Capture Negligbible. No projected impact. Alosa alosa population unknown Alosa fallax 100000
United Kingdom 2009-04-16 2010-06-30 No restrictions Capture Negliglble. No projected impact. Alosa alosa population unknown Alosa fallax 100000
United Kingdom 2009-04-16 2010-06-30 No restrictions Deliberate taking of eggs from the wild Negliglble. No projected impact. Alosa alosa population unknown Alosa fallax 100000
European Environment Agency (EEA)
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