Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows

English name: Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows

Description (English)

Lightly managed hay meadows and pastures on both basicline and acidocline, nutrient-rich permanently or temporarily humid soils of middle European lowlands, hills and low mountains under Atlantic or sub-Atlantic climatic conditions, from the British Isles and northwestern Iberia east to the Baltic States, the western Carpathians and Illyrian region. Among the characteristic plant components of the highly diverse communities forming this unit are Caltha palustris, Cirsium palustre, Cirsium rivulare, Cirsium oleraceum, Carduus personata, Telekia speciosa, Epilobium parviflorum, Lychnis flos-cuculi, Mentha aquatica, Scirpus sylvaticus, Stachys palustris, Bromus racemosus, Crepis paludosa, Fritillaria meleagris, Geum rivale, Polygonum bistorta, Senecio aquaticus, Trollius europaeus, Lotus uliginosus, Trifolium dubium, Equisetum palustre, Equisetum telmateia, Myosotis palustris, Deschampsia cespitosa, Angelica sylvestris, Oenanthe silaifolia, Gratiola officinalis, Inula salicina, Succisella inflexa, Dactylorhiza majalis, Ranunculus acris, Rumex acetosa, Holcus lanatus, Alopecurus pratensis, Festuca pratensis, Festuca gigantea, Juncus effusus, Juncus filiformis and Carex cespitosa.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code E3.41
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (E3.4)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Ferns Equisetum palustre
Ferns Equisetum telmateia
Flowering Plants Alopecurus pratensis
Flowering Plants Angelica sylvestris
Flowering Plants Bromus racemosus
Flowering Plants Caltha palustris
Flowering Plants Carduus personata
Flowering Plants Carex cespitosa
Flowering Plants Cirsium oleraceum
Flowering Plants Cirsium palustre
Flowering Plants Cirsium rivulare
Flowering Plants Crepis paludosa
Flowering Plants Dactylorhiza majalis
Flowering Plants Deschampsia cespitosa
Flowering Plants Epilobium parviflorum
Flowering Plants Festuca gigantea
Flowering Plants Festuca pratensis
Flowering Plants Fritillaria meleagris
Flowering Plants Geum rivale
Flowering Plants Gratiola officinalis
Flowering Plants Holcus lanatus
Flowering Plants Inula salicina
Flowering Plants Juncus effusus
Flowering Plants Juncus filiformis
Flowering Plants Lotus uliginosus
Flowering Plants Lychnis flos-cuculi
Flowering Plants Mentha aquatica
Flowering Plants Myosotis palustris
Flowering Plants Oenanthe silaifolia
Flowering Plants Polygonum bistorta
Flowering Plants Ranunculus acris
Flowering Plants Rumex acetosa
Flowering Plants Scirpus sylvaticus
Flowering Plants Senecio aquaticus
Flowering Plants Stachys palustris
Flowering Plants Succisella inflexa
Flowering Plants Telekia speciosa
Flowering Plants Trifolium dubium
Flowering Plants Trollius europaeus
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Equisetum palustre Ferns
Equisetum telmateia Ferns
Alopecurus pratensis Flowering Plants
Angelica sylvestris Flowering Plants
Bromus racemosus Flowering Plants
Caltha palustris Flowering Plants
Carduus personata Flowering Plants
Carex cespitosa Flowering Plants
Cirsium oleraceum Flowering Plants
Cirsium palustre Flowering Plants
Cirsium rivulare Flowering Plants
Crepis paludosa Flowering Plants
Dactylorhiza majalis Flowering Plants
Deschampsia cespitosa Flowering Plants
Epilobium parviflorum Flowering Plants
Festuca gigantea Flowering Plants
Festuca pratensis Flowering Plants
Fritillaria meleagris Flowering Plants
Geum rivale Flowering Plants
Gratiola officinalis Flowering Plants
Holcus lanatus Flowering Plants
Inula salicina Flowering Plants
Juncus effusus Flowering Plants
Juncus filiformis Flowering Plants
Lotus uliginosus Flowering Plants
Lychnis flos-cuculi Flowering Plants
Mentha aquatica Flowering Plants
Myosotis palustris Flowering Plants
Oenanthe silaifolia Flowering Plants
Polygonum bistorta Flowering Plants
Ranunculus acris Flowering Plants
Rumex acetosa Flowering Plants
Scirpus sylvaticus Flowering Plants
Senecio aquaticus Flowering Plants
Stachys palustris Flowering Plants
Succisella inflexa Flowering Plants
Telekia speciosa Flowering Plants
Trifolium dubium Flowering Plants
Trollius europaeus Flowering Plants

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 200112 37.21 Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows source
CORINE Land Cover 3.2.1. Natural grassland n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 3.3.2.2 Baltic Rush type n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.3.1a Tufted Hair-grass meadow type, maritime variant n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 3.3.2.5 Tall sedge-Brown moss type n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.3.2b Carex cespitosa variant n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.3.1d Tufted Hair-grass meadow type, northern variant n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.3.1b Tufted Hair-grass meadow type n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.3.2 Tall Herb meadow type n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.3.2a Cabbage Thistle variant n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.3.1c Tufted Hair-grass meadow type, moist variant n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 5.2.3.1 Tufted Hair-grass meadow type n/a
Nordic Vegetation Classification 1994 3.4.2.1d Hard Rush-Blunt-flowered Rush variant n/a
National Vegetation Classification (UK) M22 Juncus subnodulosus-Cirsium palustre fen-meadow narrower
National Vegetation Classification (UK) MG9 Holcus lanatus-Deschampsia cespitosa grassland narrower
Milieux Naturels de Suisse 1998 2.3.2 Prairie à populage wider
Biotopes of the Czech Republic 2001 T1.5 VLHKÉ PCHÁČOVÉ LOUKY (Wet Cirsium meadows) same
Biotopes of Slovakia 1996 3522300 Vlhké lúky podhorských a horských oblasti n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 E3.41 Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 E3.41 Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 E3.41 Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 E3.41 Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 E3.42 Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 E2.45 Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 37.21 Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 37.21 Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 37.21   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 37.21   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 37.21   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 37.22   same
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