EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > N - Coastal habitats > N1 - Coastal dunes and sandy shores > N11 - Atlantic, Baltic and Arctic sand beach

Atlantic, Baltic and Arctic sand beach

Description (English)

Atlantic, Baltic and Arctic sandy beach is a linear habitat, occurring on sandy shores of the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans and the North and Baltic Seas. It is mainly an unvegetated habitat with low species diversity. Annual plants, often halophytes are the typical plant species, appearing temporarily on strandline sediments. On less dynamic beaches, as around the Baltic, perennials including some brackish and freshwater marsh plants are characteristic. Volcanic sediments can provide a distinctive character around Icelandic shores. Distinctive invertebrates characterise beaches and their driftlines, providing food for some wading birds.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code N11
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Cakile maritima
Flowering Plants Atriplex laciniata
Flowering Plants Salsola kali
Flowering Plants Atriplex littoralis
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata
Flowering Plants Leymus arenarius
Flowering Plants Atriplex calotheca
Flowering Plants Elytrigia juncea
Flowering Plants Atriplex glabriuscula

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cakile maritima Flowering Plants
Atriplex laciniata Flowering Plants
Salsola kali Flowering Plants
Atriplex littoralis Flowering Plants
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Leymus arenarius Flowering Plants
Atriplex calotheca Flowering Plants
Elytrigia juncea Flowering Plants
Atriplex glabriuscula Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Cakile maritima
Flowering Plants Salsola kali
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata
Flowering Plants Elytrigia juncea
Flowering Plants Leymus arenarius
Flowering Plants Atriplex littoralis
Flowering Plants Tripleurospermum maritimum
Flowering Plants Ammophila arenaria
Flowering Plants Atriplex laciniata
Flowering Plants Atriplex calotheca

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cakile maritima Flowering Plants
Salsola kali Flowering Plants
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Elytrigia juncea Flowering Plants
Leymus arenarius Flowering Plants
Atriplex littoralis Flowering Plants
Tripleurospermum maritimum Flowering Plants
Ammophila arenaria Flowering Plants
Atriplex laciniata Flowering Plants
Atriplex calotheca Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Cakile maritima
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata
Flowering Plants Atriplex littoralis
Flowering Plants Atriplex calotheca

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cakile maritima Flowering Plants
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Atriplex littoralis Flowering Plants
Atriplex calotheca Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.1 Sand beach driftlines same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.1 Angiosperm communities of sand beach driftlines same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.1 Angiosperm communities of sand beach driftlines same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.1 Angiosperm communities of sand beach driftlines same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.1 Sand beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B5.1 Sand beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B5.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.1 Sand beaches wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.12 Sand beach driftline communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.12 Sand beach driftline communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.1 Sand beaches wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.12   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.1   wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.12   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.1   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.1   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.12   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.1   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.12   same
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