EUNIS habitat classification 2017 > N - Coastal habitats > N1 - Coastal dunes and sandy shores > N12 - Mediterranean and Black Sea sand beach

Mediterranean and Black Sea sand beach

Description (English)

A largely unvegetated linear feature of sheltered coastlines around the Mediterranean and Black Seas, with fragmentary and sporadic vegetation cover developing on the accumulated sand, gravel and decaying plant material. Typically, the vegetation cover comprises scattered annual halophytes, although pioneer dune perennials can appear where sand ridges get pushed by storms beyond the normal tidal limit.

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code N12
Relation to Resolution 4 habitat type (used for designation of Emerald sites)

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Indicator species

Diagnostic species
Constant species
Dominant species
Flowering Plants Cakile maritima
Flowering Plants Euphorbia peplis
Flowering Plants Salsola kali
Flowering Plants Polygonum maritimum
Flowering Plants Xanthium orientale
Flowering Plants Eryngium maritimum

Diagnostic species occur concentrated in the habitat in question, but are absent or rare in other habitats. They are good positive indicators of the habitat, but they do not need to occur in every location of the habitat.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cakile maritima Flowering Plants
Euphorbia peplis Flowering Plants
Salsola kali Flowering Plants
Polygonum maritimum Flowering Plants
Xanthium orientale Flowering Plants
Eryngium maritimum Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Cakile maritima
Flowering Plants Salsola kali
Flowering Plants Xanthium orientale
Flowering Plants Euphorbia peplis
Flowering Plants Eryngium maritimum
Flowering Plants Polygonum maritimum
Flowering Plants Elytrigia juncea
Flowering Plants Sporobolus pungens
Flowering Plants Leymus racemosus
Flowering Plants Medicago marina
Flowering Plants Atriplex prostrata
Flowering Plants Euphorbia paralias
Flowering Plants Cyperus capitatus
Flowering Plants Cynodon dactylon
Flowering Plants Calystegia soldanella

Constant species occur frequently in the habitat, but they may include generalist species that are also frequent in other habitats.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cakile maritima Flowering Plants
Salsola kali Flowering Plants
Xanthium orientale Flowering Plants
Euphorbia peplis Flowering Plants
Eryngium maritimum Flowering Plants
Polygonum maritimum Flowering Plants
Elytrigia juncea Flowering Plants
Sporobolus pungens Flowering Plants
Leymus racemosus Flowering Plants
Medicago marina Flowering Plants
Atriplex prostrata Flowering Plants
Euphorbia paralias Flowering Plants
Cyperus capitatus Flowering Plants
Cynodon dactylon Flowering Plants
Calystegia soldanella Flowering Plants
Flowering Plants Cakile maritima
Flowering Plants Salsola kali
Flowering Plants Sporobolus pungens

Dominant species are those that often reach high cover in the habitat, thus determining the habitat physiognomy.

Species scientific name English common name Species group
Cakile maritima Flowering Plants
Salsola kali Flowering Plants
Sporobolus pungens Flowering Plants

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type Comment
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 B1.1 Sand beach driftlines same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 B1.1 Angiosperm communities of sand beach driftlines same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.1 Angiosperm communities of sand beach driftlines same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.1 Angiosperm communities of sand beach driftlines same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199811 B1.1 Sand beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B5.1 Sand beach driftline habitats same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199712 B5.2 Sand beaches above the driftline same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.1 Sand beaches wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 199905 16.12 Sand beach driftline communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.12 Sand beach driftline communities same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1997 16.1 Sand beaches wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.12   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1996 16.1   wider
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.12   same
Palaearctic Habitat Classification 1993 16.1   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.1   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1991 16.12   same
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.1   wider
CORINE Biotopes Classification 1989 16.12   same
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