Foliose seaweeds and coralline crusts in surge gully entrances

English name: Foliose seaweeds and coralline crusts in surge gully entrances

Quick facts

EUNIS habitat type code A3.711
Bern Convention Included in a Resolution 4 habitat type at a higher level (A3)

Description (English)

This biotope is found on steep wave-surged entrances to gullies and caves and on unstable boulders in the entrance to caves and gullies. The rock may be abraded by the movement of the boulders and cobbles in heavy surge and tends to be dominated by dense foliose seaweeds that grow rapidly in the calmer summer months. Beneath the foliose seaweeds the rock surface is typically covered with coralline crusts, which are longer-lived, and tolerant of abrasion. The flora of this biotope is relatively varied, depending upon the amount of light and degree of abrasion or rock mobility with red seaweeds such as Cryptopleura ramosa, Plocamium cartilagineum, Odonthalia dentata, Callophyllis laciniata, Phycodrys rubens, Hypoglossum hypoglossoides, Phyllophora crispa and Corallina officinalis. The brown seaweed Dictyota dichotoma also occurs in these conditions, since it is tolerant of some sand scour. During the summer months small fast-growing kelp plants can arise in this biotope, although the mobility of the substratum prevents the kelp from forming a kelp forest. Dense swathes of very young kelp such as Laminaria hyperborea are, however, not uncommon. The faunal community consist of the anemone Urticina felina, the sponge Halichondria panicea and the ascidian Dendrodoa grossularia. More mobile fauna include the echinoderms Asterias rubens and Echinus esculentus, the top shell Gibbula cineraria and the crab Cancer pagurus.
Situation: Further into the cave or gully, beyond the dense red seaweeds of A3.711, the vertical rock grades to either an ascidian and sponge dominated community or sponge crusts and anthozoans (A3.712 / A3.713). Further into the cave or gully the floor and any boulders or cobbles are generally scoured clean or may support coralline encrusting algae (unit A3.7162). Above the red seaweeds, steep rock surfaces often support a kelp community (units A3.115 or A3.214) or in shallower water Alaria esculenta is usually present (Ala.Myt).

Source: EUNIS habitat classification

Vegetation types

Relation to vegetation types (syntaxa)

Not available

Species mentioned in habitat description

Algae Alaria esculenta
Invertebrates Asterias rubens
Algae Callophyllis laciniata
Invertebrates Cancer pagurus
Algae Corallina officinalis
Algae Cryptopleura ramosa
Invertebrates Dendrodoa grossularia
Algae Dictyota dichotoma
Invertebrates Echinus esculentus
Invertebrates Gibbula cineraria
Invertebrates Halichondria panicea
Algae Hypoglossum hypoglossoides
Algae Laminaria hyperborea
Algae Odonthalia dentata
Algae Phycodrys rubens
Algae Phyllophora crispa
Algae Plocamium cartilagineum
Invertebrates Urticina felina
Species scientific name English common name Species group
Alaria esculenta Algae
Asterias rubens Invertebrates
Callophyllis laciniata Algae
Cancer pagurus Invertebrates
Corallina officinalis Algae
Cryptopleura ramosa Algae
Dendrodoa grossularia Invertebrates
Dictyota dichotoma Algae
Echinus esculentus Invertebrates
Gibbula cineraria Invertebrates
Halichondria panicea Invertebrates
Hypoglossum hypoglossoides Algae
Laminaria hyperborea Algae
Odonthalia dentata Algae
Phycodrys rubens Algae
Phyllophora crispa Algae
Plocamium cartilagineum Algae
Urticina felina Invertebrates

Other classifications

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
Marine Habitat Classification Britain/Ireland 0405 IR.FIR.SG.FoSwCC Foliose seaweeds and coralline crusts in surge gully entrances source
CORINE Land Cover 5.2.3. Sea and ocean n/a
For relation to plant communities (syntaxa), see Vegetation types

History

Classification Code Habitat type name Relationship type
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200410 A3.711 Foliose seaweeds and coralline crusts in surge gully entrances same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200308 A3.411 Foliose seaweeds and coralline crusts in surge gully entrances same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 200202 A3.411 Foliose seaweeds and coralline crusts in surge gully entrances same
EUNIS Habitat Classification 199910 A3.411 Foliose seaweeds and coralline crusts in surge gully entrances same
MNCR BioMar 97.06 (Britain & Ireland) EIR.SG.FoSwCC Foliose seaweeds and coralline crusts in surge gully entrances same
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